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heat-recovery steam generators

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Precipitators and Filter Bag Houses Induced-Draft Fan Seals Chimney Stacks Dry Flue Gas Handling Systems in Conventional Combustion Systems Heat-Recovery Steam Generators in Gas Turbines In boiler technology, the “acid dew point” usually means the sulfuric acid dew-point temperature, because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., or as a steam turbine coupled to a generator in a Rankine cycle machine. Gas and steam turbines can also work in tandem in a combined cycle machine, wherein the exhaust gases from a gas turbine are passed through a heat recovery steam generator which generates high pressure and temperature steam which in turn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... harmful deposits, and aggravate corrosion. Although deposition, corrosion, and chemistry control processes vary with boiler pressure and cycle design, similar processes are involved for a wide range of power boilers and for many industrial boilers and heat-recovery steam generators as well. As steam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... practice. At the end of the cook, the pulp is blown from the bottom of the vessel into a blow tank. From there the pulp goes to brown stock washers where the spent cooking liquor is separated from the pulp. Steam from the blow tank is removed for heat recovery and condensed in brown stock wash water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 1 Coal-gasification combined-cycle CGCC power plant. HRSG, heat recovery steam generator. Acid gas removal uses MDEA, methyldiethanolamine Fig. 2 Corrosion of low-alloy steels in syngas environments. Plant data are compared to laboratory data for various hydrogen sulfide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... unit consists of an open steel tank with a heated solvent reservoir, or sump, at the bottom and a cooling zone near the top. Sufficient heat is introduced into the sump to boil the solvent and generate hot solvent vapor. Because the hot vapor is heavier than air, it displaces the air and fills the tank...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... elevated-temperature shaping process, cold worked, and naturally aged. When a second digit is present, it is material dependent and has no general interpretation.  T3 Solution heat treated, cold worked, and naturally aged  T31 Solution heat treated and cold worked to approximately 1%  T351...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... energy recovery methods are fluidized bed, rotary kiln, and mass burn. Dow Chemical Company conducted a study of the combustion of RIM materials. The Dow facility included a rotary kiln with a burner operating temperature of 870 to 1200 °C (1600 to 2200 °F). A multipass boiler was used to recover heat...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Total 238 525 Note: Assumes a 90% recovery feedstock recyclate PET contaminants can originate during manufacturing, product fabrication, and/or reprocessing. Residual glue is the most troublesome, because high levels produce hazy PET flakes that become tan-colored on heating. Further...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... recovery Amino acids Digesting proteins in HCl Chemical, breweries, distilleries, food Bayonet heaters, condensers, complete plants See glutamic acid, mono-sodium glutamate Ammonium chloride, crude Concentration from gas house liquors Gas and coke Bayonet heaters, heat exchangers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are the result of earlier operations, such as rolling, heat treating, or forging. Scratches introduced during hot rolling or pickling, as well as pickle its, both result in line-type surface imperfections that persist through subsequent processing stages. The effect of such defects on the surface properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...-transfer characteristics, in the quenching of ferritic steels another variable must be controlled in shop practice. This is the heat evolved from the workpiece (heat of transformation) as a phase change occurs from austenite to ferrite. In general practice, the use of an austenitic nickel-chromium-base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.9781627081856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of Aluminum Alloy DTD 2142 , Appl. Mater. Res. , Vol 4 ( No. 3 ), 1965 , p 148 – 168 26. Lubahn J.D. , The Role of Anelasticity in Creep, Tension and Relaxation Behavior , Trans. ASM , Vol 45 , 1953 , p 787 – 838 27. Goldhoff R.M. , Creep Recovery in Heat Resistant Steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... ). In refineries, fractionation towers, separator drums, heat-exchanger shells, storage tanks, most piping, and all structures are generally fabricated from carbon steel. Carbon and low-alloy steels of carbon-molybdenum (C-Mo) or carbon-chromium-molybdenum (C-Cr-Mo) chemistry are the most widely used in plant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (N06690) 0.293 11.5 An example of the failure of alloy 601 occurred in a heat exchanger on an NH 3 plant after only 2 1 2 years service. This failure was found to be caused by contamination of the process side by steam. This caused mineral deposition that destroyed the protective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... softening in curve B arise from deformation heating. The steady-state flow stress exhibited by curve C is typical of metals that dynamically recover. The flow stress maximum and flow softening in curve D may result from a number of metallurgical processes. Source: Ref 11 In dynamic recovery...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...), or M 23 C 6 (M=chromium). In general, the primary strength of heat-resistant alloys is derived from the γ′ and γ″ dispersion developed through heat treatment. In nickel-base alloys such as Waspaloy and Astroloy, aluminum and, to some degree, titanium combine with nickel to form γ′. In nickel-iron-base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... either visible or infrared light; silicon only gives off energy in the form of infrared radiation or heat. This makes GaAs a useful material for fabricating LEDs and laser diodes, applications for which silicon cannot be used. Both GaAs and silicon can convert light to electrical energy, which makes them...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Additional alloying ele ments are added if adjustments are necessary, and the heat is tapped into a ladle and poured into ingot molds or a continuous casting machine. With the AOD process, steels with low hydrogen (<2 ppm) and nitrogen (<0.005%) can be produced with complete recovery of chromium...