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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article discusses the occupational health hazards related to industrial protective coating application and removal. It explains the health hazards associated with coating constituents such as lead, cadmium, chromium, arsenic, silica, and asbestos. The article also discusses hazard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... specifications, standards, and hazards of indium plating. electrodeposition hazards indium indium alloys indium plating nonaqueous indium plating baths stripping INDIUM is a soft, low-melting-point, silvery white metal with a brilliant metallic luster and a color resembling that of platinum. It...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract Heat treating involves the use of fuel gases for heating and gases in the furnace atmosphere. This article describes the hazards associated with furnace atmospheres and the related safety considerations. It discusses the effect of fuel on combustion efficiency. The article also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...-based atmospheres, industrial gas nitrogen-base atmospheres, argon atmospheres, and hydrogen atmospheres. Atmospheres for backfilling, partial pressure operation, and quenching in vacuum are also discussed. Furnace atmospheres constitute four major groups of safety hazards in heat treating: fire...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... challenge in engineering design. Performance specifications, risk and hazard analysis, design process, design for manufacture and assembly, design for quality, reliability in design, and redesign are considered for functional requirements. Life-cycle analysis considers raw-material extraction from the earth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... applications, and safety and health hazards of cold cleaning and vapor degreasing. It also includes information on control of contamination, conservation and recovery of solvent, and disposal of solvent wastes. cold cleaning contamination control safety and health hazards solvent cleaning solvent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract The chemicals that have been used in traditional vapor degreasing have serious health and environmental hazards that have prompted the search for modified and alternative techniques. This article provides a detailed discussion on the regulatory mandates that affect the use of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... risk assessments of extracts is also included. The four basic steps that are commonly used in the risk assessment process are discussed. These steps include hazard identification, dose-response assessment, and exposure assessment, and risk characterization. biological evaluation chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...”) is the primary law that governs the management of waste, both hazardous and solid. It provides for technical and financial assistance to resource programs, minimization of waste, safe disposal of waste, and regulation of hazardous waste. RCRA is known as the “cradle to grave” law in that as soon as a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... decreased machine maintenance and fluid disposal. When the time comes to dispose of spent fluids, consideration must be given to the myriad of regulations that protect the environment and the people from improper dumping of hazardous materials. All municipalities and states have the authority to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Electroplated cadmium coatings are typically applied at thicknesses of between 5.1 and 12.7 μm (0.2 and 0.5 mil) ( Ref 1 ). Chromate treatments (based on hazardous chromic acid) are frequently applied to cadmium coatings as a final passivation process. Cadmium coatings have historically provided effective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113) Combinations of these materials The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has classified these materials as being either hazardous air pollutants or ozone layer depleting substances. Some relevant regulations are identified in Table 1 , along with a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... environmental hazards. For information about specific regulatory requirements, permitting conditions, and enforcement issues, the reader is advised to seek assistance from federal, state, and local regulatory agencies; consulting engineering firms; and law offices. Another valuable source of information can be...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... proactive approach is the development of a product stewardship program. Such a program informs users of possible hazards and tells them how products should be used to avoid undue health, safety, and environmental risks. The program should cover the entire life cycle of a product. For instance, under the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... solvent(s) in coating formulations that are emitted during application. This is particularly prevalent when the coating being applied has a strong odor and/or flammable solvents that have the potential to create a hazardous exposure environment. In particular, spray painting in confined spaces can magnify...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... compounds do not present abnormal or unusual hazards to personnel or equipment, their use and storage do require the observance of safety precautions. Of the oil-based, water-based, and solvent-cutback compounds, the latter type of material presents the most hazards. Carriers, which can be oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Table 2 ). Fluidized bed furnaces are not only more energy-efficient than convection furnaces but also exhibit heat transfer efficiency similar to salt baths and lead pots, without the health and environmental safety hazards commonly associated with these systems. Of the different tempering systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... materials and human health hazards. However, this is not the case with exposure to coal tar and coal tar pitches. Those materials pose definitive and well-established human health hazards. However, as with asphalts and, for that matter, most other solventborne coatings, these health hazards can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are possible safety, health, and fire hazards which need to be considered. The degree of hazard is dependent upon such factors as the specific materials and chemicals involved, the duration of employee exposure, and the specific operating procedures. Information is presented in Table 12 on the...