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hand polishing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... conditions is this model of the interface structure applicable at all? On one hand, there can be interfaces where adhesion is low, and their energy is not significantly lowered for the special LEORs; SUs do not form, and the atoms do not shift much from their position in each crystal. On the other hand...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of the surface. Intermediate polishing should be performed thoroughly so that final polishing may be of minimal duration. Manual, or “hand,” polishing is usually conducted using a rotating “wheel” ( Fig. 7 ). Fig. 7 Manual “handpolishing setup Metallographic etching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... surface preparation methods that range from simple solvent cleaning to hand and power tool cleaning, dry and wet abrasive blast cleaning, centrifugal wheel blast cleaning, chemical stripping, and waterjetting for the application of the coating system. In addition, the article provides a description of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with unmounted specimens. Manual (hand) polishing is simplified, because the specimens are easy to hold. Also, placing a number of mounted specimens in a holder for semi- or fully-automated grinding and polishing is easier with standard mounts than for unmounted specimens. Mounted specimens are easier...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... polishing wheel, followed by immersion of the specimen in water, rinsing in ethanol or methanol, and drying in warm air, is often sufficient to remove this tarnish and reveal the true structure. Another technique involves use of a camel hair brush and liquid hand soap to remove the black etching product...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Conveyor grinding. (c) Vertical-platen sanding. (d) Coil Fig. 16 Schematic of backstand grinder having coated abrasive belts for use in off-hand rough grinding operations Fig. 17 Schematic of two different coated abrasive centerless grinding setups. (a) Abrasive belt centerless grinder...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., namely mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching involved in the microstructural analysis of carbon and alloy steels, case hardening steels, cast iron, ferrous powder metallurgy alloys, wrought and cast stainless steels, tool materials, steel castings, iron-chromium-nickel heat-resistant casting alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Cleaning of parts for hermetically sealed units Cleaning of printed circuit cards and electronic assemblies Despite the high cost of ultrasonic cleaning, it has proved economical for applications that would otherwise require hand operations. Part size is a limitation, although no definite limits...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Preparation for phosphating Preparation for plating Removal of pigmented drawing compounds (a) Occasional or intermittent Hot emulsion hand slush, spray emulsion in single stage, vapor slush degrease (b) Boiling alkaline, blow off, hand wipe Vapor slush degrease, hand wipe Acid clean (c) Hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... types, such as Al 2 O 3 or SiC Grease stick To produce a rough polished finish and to remove imperfections left by hand wheel grinding. Also use as a preparatory operation for a final polish corresponding to standard No. 4 mill finish. This is the usual starting on cold-rolled sheet. Polishing No...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... general attributes of their molten products differ for each application. Many machine-forming processes emulate the ancient hand-forming processes. Later innovations, such as the float process and the ribbon machine process, revolutionized the light bulb and flat glass industries with their departure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... trichloroethylene solvent washing, or vapor degreasing and detergents are all widely used. For light soil removal, hand wiping is done with solvents such as acetone, alcohol, trichloroethylene, or various alternatives to trichloroethylene (which is not environmentally attractive). Electrolytic alkaline cleaning is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... mineral spirits RT RT 5 (b) Mill lubricant RT, room temperature. (a) Hand cleaning necessary with fragile parts. (b) Tumbled in barrel Table 10 Offhand belt polishing and wheel buffing operations for sand cast red brass parts Sand cast lavatory fittings made of red brass are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... manganese, silicon, and copper, on the other hand, are colored when anodized. Alloy segregation can occur in high-magnesium alloys, and pitting will result unless special pretreatments are used. Table 2 lists several typical applications for abrasive blast cleaning of aluminum products, indicating the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... “Mechanical Finishing,” below) and as a pretreatment/cleaning operation prior to painting parts used in applications such as chain saws, lawn and garden equipment, and power hand tools. Magnesium alloy sheet is wire brushed for in-process cleaning and for the removal of oxides before arc or resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... during fluorescent penetrant inspection. Similarly, coarse abrasive blasting may hamper the detection of surface flaws by penetrant methods. On the other hand, fine grit blasting (No. 60 or finer) has been successfully used to enhance detection of surface flaws, such as investment casting defects...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in machine forming and other fabricating operations may be removed by a number of techniques. Alkaline or emulsion cleaners used in simple soak tanks or in ultrasonic units; acetone or trichlorethylene solvent washing; and vapor degreasing and detergent cleaning are all widely used. Hand wiping with...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... grinding and provides information on tooling, wheel selection, work material, and operational factors. It also discusses precision slicing and slotting, lapping, honing, and polishing as well as abrasive waterjet, electrical discharge, laser, and ultrasonic machining. abrasive machining ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... oxidation resistance through the use of polishing, buffing, and wire brushing operations. The article also covers a wide range of surface modification and coating processes, including ion implantation, diffusion, chemical and physical vapor deposition, plating, anodizing, and chemical conversion coatings as...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... sheets with materials that cushion the cut. Although flap wheels are ideally used in automatic operations, they are quite effective in manual or off-hand polishing operations. Hard buffing is used to cut down or smooth the surface of a material that may or may not have been polished previously. Buffs...