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halide-induced corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... terminal Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the various types of corrosion-related failure mechanisms and their effects on passive electrical components. The types include halide-induced corrosion, organic-acid-induced corrosion, electrochemical metal migration, silver tarnish, fretting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... on zirconium. The delayed hydride cracking of zirconium is also described. The article provides information on the resistance of zirconium to various types of corrosion, including pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, intergranular corrosion, galvanic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in three mixtures of nitric and hydrochloric acid Fig. 16 Effect of redox species concentration and halide concentration on corrosion rate in 99% acetic acid. Boiling point is 117.9 °C (244.2 °F). 24 h Fig. 17 Effect of anhydride on corrosion rate in the presence of FeCl 3. . Boiling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... vapor deposition Physical vapor deposition (thermal evaporation, ion sputtering, ion plating) Surface modified coatings Diffusion-induced modification of chemical composition and/or microstructure of substrate Pack cementation Slurry cementation Metalliding Hot dipping Surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... environments or increase resistance to local halide-induced corrosion. Amorphous alloys offer this possibility. The formation of an amorphous single phase in aluminum-base alloys having more than 50 at.% Al was also reported ( Ref 23 ). As-spun Al-Fe-Si, Al-Fe-Ge, and Al-Mn-Si alloys containing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... R. , Plasticity-Induced Crack Closure Study by the Shadow Optical Method , Scripta Metallurgica Et Materialia , Vol 25 , No. 1 , 1991 , p 207 – 212 • Kemp R.M.J. , Wilson R.N. , and Gregson P.J. , The Role of Crack Closure in Corrosion Fatigue of Aluminium Alloy Plate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... reducing acidic environments may corrode titanium, particularly as temperature increases. However, shifting the alloy potential in the noble (positive) direction by various means can induce stable oxide film formation, often overcoming the corrosion resistance limitations of titanium alloys in normally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Der Sluys W.A. , Eng. Fract. Mech. , Vol 1 , 1969 , p 447 101. Oriani R.A. , Hydrogen Effects in Environment-Induced Cracking of Metals , NACE-10, Gangloff R.P. and Ives M.B. , Ed., National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1990 , p 439 102. Petch...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... is eliminating the presence of the pitting agent. Fig. 8 An example of pitting corrosion induced by 900 ppm of halide. Source: Ref 22 Galvanic Corrosion When two dissimilar metals are in contact with an electrolyte, oxidation occurs at one metal and reduction at the other, leading to etching...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... acids. Halide-free fluxes are recommended for materials that are sensitive to stress-corrosion cracking. The concentration of activators, which defines the corrosivity of the flux, determines the flux category as being one of the following: rosin-base, mildly activated (RMA), fully activated (RA...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the melting temperature (for example, 40Sn-40Pb-20In and 70Sn-18Pb-12In). Indium also improves ductility and oxidation resistance. Indium-containing alloys have poor corrosion resistance in the presence of halide ions, such as those used for some activators in flux chemistries. The alloys 52In-48Sn and 97In...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Filaments (CAF) Copper Tin and Tin-Lead Alloys Aluminum Corrosion of Gold-Plated Connectors Electrochemical Migration Uniform Corrosion Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Environmentally Induced Cracking Galvanic Corrosion Atmospheric Corrosion Copper ECM Tin ECM Silver ECM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... acids, such as hydrochloric, and some are extremely resistant to the chloride-induced phenomena of pitting, crevice attack, and stress-corrosion cracking (to which the stainless steels are susceptible). Nickel alloys are also among the few metallic materials able to cope with hot hydrofluoric acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Abradables and polymer fillers (aluminum base) Al 8Si 20BN Mechanically clad Turbine compressor abradable Superior corrosion resistance Good erosion resistance Service up to 450 °C (840 °F) Al 7Si 22graphite Mechanically clad Turbine compressor abradable (mid- and rear sections) Balance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Silicon dioxide 800–1100 1470–2010 300 570 Titanium carbide 900–1100 1650–2010 500 930 Titanium nitride 900–1100 1650–2010 500 930 Tungsten carbide 1000 1830 325–525 615–975 Selected wear and corrosion properties of CVD coating materials Table 2 Selected wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... carbide coating processes in common to carbide species and coating methods: salt baths or fluidized beds Fig. 21 Example of oxidation and succeeding corrosion observed at the upper edge of a ring coated by high-temperature borax baths. No carbide coatings on spotty bright areas surrounded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004170
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of halide ions, complex ion formation lowers the standard reduction potentials of gold from 1.5 to 0.96 V ( Table 5 ), causing active corrosion. Uniform corrosion often occurs in the presence of a moisture film and ionic contaminants. If the electrical bias is sufficiently high, even noble metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... ions/cm 2 Implantation effective for surface initiated fatigue Fracture toughness Ceramics: Al 2 O 3 , TiN Ar 10 15 –10 17 ions/cm 2 Radiation damage critical; ion-induced compressive stress helpful Aqueous corrosion catalysis Steels, Ti alloys, Pt Cr, Ta, Cr+P ≥10 17 ions/cm 2 Ion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... defects and increase the cost of glass melting. These include refractory and electrode corrosion, reboil (nucleation and growth of bubbles), volatilization, and devitrification (nucleation and growth of crystals in a molten glass as it cools). Some of the resulting defects are described below. Solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... No. 60: Some Chemical Aspects of Fireside Corrosion in Oil Fired Boilers , J. Inst. Fuel , July 1970 25. Bianco R. , Harper M.A. , and Rapp R.A. , Codeposition of Elements in Diffusion Coatings by the Halide-Activated Pack Cementation Method , J. Met. , Nov 1991 , p 68...