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hafnium alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article describes the processes involved in the production of hafnium and its alloys. It discusses the physical, mechanical and chemical properties of hafnium. The aqueous corrosion testing of hafnium and its alloys is detailed. The article reviews the corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Zirconium, hafnium, and their alloys are reactive metals used in a variety of nuclear and chemical processing applications. This article describes various specimen preparation procedures for these materials, including sectioning, mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching. It reviews...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 9 Superlattice layer formed on the sulfidized Fe 3 Al+yttrium-hafnium alloy in a H 2 /H 2 S/H 2 O environment at 900 °C (1650 °F) for 240 h. (a) Dark-field image. (b) Electron diffraction pattern. Source: Ref 61 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which hafnium (Hf) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each binary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., refining, and melting. It also discusses the primary and secondary fabrication of zirconium and hafnium and its alloys. The article talks about the metallurgy of zirconium and its alloys with emphasis on allotropic transformation, cold work and recrystallization, anisotropy and preferred orientation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the general characteristics, primary and secondary fabrication methods, product forms, and corrosion resistance of zirconium and hafnium. It describes the physical metallurgy of zirconium and its alloys, providing details on allotropic transformation...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article focuses on the machining of reactive metals which refer collectively to the elements titanium, hafnium, and zirconium. It provides guidelines for machining titanium and titanium alloys and describes machining operations, such as turning, milling, drilling, tapping, reaming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... by a chemical bath of nitric-hydrofluoric acid is used most commonly, although other baths have been used. The usual bath for zirconium, Zircaloys, and hafnium is composed of 25 to 50% nitric acid, 70 vol%; 2 to 5% hydrofluoric acid, 49 vol%; and the remainder water. The acid bath for zirconium-niobium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... alloys, as specified in ASTM B 550, are given in Table 1 . For reactor grades, the hafnium content is reduced to a minimum and other impurities are closely controlled. Chemical compositions of the most common grades of nuclear-grade Zircaloys, as specified in ASTM B 351, are given in Table 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... (Chromium - Tungsten)” in the article “Cr (Chromium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Fe-W (Iron - Tungsten)” in the article “Fe (Iron) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Hf-W (Hafnium - Tungsten)” in the article “Hf (Hafnium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ir-W (Iridium - Tungsten...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... element in the binary pair. Additional binary systems that include nitrogen are provided in the following locations in this Volume: “Fe-N (Iron - Nitrogen)” in the article “Fe (Iron) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Hf-N (Hafnium - Nitrogen)” in the article “Hf (Hafnium) Binary Alloy Phase...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses surface engineering of nonferrous metals including aluminum and aluminum alloys, copper and copper alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel and nickel alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, zirconium and hafnium, zinc alloys, and refractory metals and alloys. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
....” “H-Ta (Hydrogen - Tantalum)” : in the article “H (Hydrogen) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Hf-Ta (Hafnium - Tantalum)” : in the article “Hf (Hafnium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ir-Ta (Iridium - Tantalum)” : in the article “Ir (Iridium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Mo-Ta...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... .” “Fe-Rh (Iron - Rhodium)” in the article “Fe (Iron) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams .” “Gd-Rh (Gadolinium - Rhodium)” in the article “Gd (Gadolinium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams .” “Hf-Rh (Hafnium - Rhodium)” in the article “Hf (Hafnium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams .” “Ir-Rh (Iridium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Hf-U (Hafnium - Uranium)” in the article “Hf (Hafnium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ir-U (Iridium - Uranium)” in the article “Ir (Iridium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Mn-U (Manganese - Uranium)” in the article “Mn (Manganese) Binary Alloy Phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...)” in the article “Fe (Iron) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Hf-O (Hafnium - Oxygen)” in the article “Hf (Hafnium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Mn-O (Manganese - Oxygen)” in the article “Mn (Manganese) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Mo-O (Molybdenum - Oxygen)” in the article “Mo (Molybdenum...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 12 Differential interference contrast light micrograph of arc-melted hafnium-niobium alloy (Hf-2 wt% Nb) buttons showing acicular α within prior-β grains. Chemically polished (solution A, Table 2 ), swabbed for ∼45 s, and swab etched (solution B, Table 2 ) for ∼20 s More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 13 Differential interference contrast light micrograph of arc-melted hafnium-niobium alloy (Hf-3 wt% Nb) buttons showing acicular α within prior-β grains. Chemically polished (solution A, Table 2 ), swabbed for 60 to 90 s, and swab etched (solution B, Table 2 ) for ∼20 to 30 s. Source More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
....” “Cu-Ir (Copper - Iridium)” in the article “Cu (Copper) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Fe-Ir (Iron - Iridium)” in the article “Fe (Iron) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Hf-Ir (Hafnium - Iridium)” in the article “Hf (Hafnium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” Ir-La (Iridium-Lanthanum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... (Gallium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ge-Nb (Germanium - Niobium)” in the article “Ge (Germanium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “H-Nb (Hydrogen - Niobium)” in the article “H (Hydrogen) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Hf-Nb (Hafnium - Niobium)” in the article “Hf (Hafnium) Binary...