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grinding fluids

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Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article discusses the functions and chemistry of metal cutting or grinding fluids. It reviews the choice of cutting or grinding fluids that is influenced by the workpiece material, fluid characteristics, and machining operation. The article describes two application methods...
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 7 Methods of applying grinding fluids. (a) A fan-shaped nozzle covers the width of the wheel and is shaped to break the air film generated by the rotating wheel. (b) A nozzle with a large orifice extending over the sides of the wheel allows gradual acceleration of the fluid. (c) A nozzle More
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... clearance and/or the introduction of coolant. It describes the compositions and applications of coated abrasives and types of grinding fluids, such as petroleum-base and mineral-base cutting oils, water-soluble oils, synthetic fluids, semisynthetic fluids, and water plus additives. The article concludes...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article discusses the various elements of thread grinding processes, including thread grinding machines, tolerances, wheel selection, grinding speed, and grinding fluids. It describes truing of grinding wheels and reviews the process applications. In addition, the article...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., standard marking systems, abrasives, and bonding types. It compares bonded wheel grinding with abrasive belt grinding. The article reviews the types of grinding fluids and discusses their importance in grinding operations. It describes the specific grinding processes and provides recommendations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes, and solid lubricants along with their subtypes. It discusses the factors considered during the selection of cutting fluid, focusing on machinability (or grindability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Grinding is an extremely complex process that requires the consideration of a number of elements in order to make a reasonably adroit initial selection of a fluid or fluids for a manufacturing plant. In addition, the disposal of grinding wastes must meet the minimum requirements...
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 17 Effects of wheel speed and down feed on surface grinding ratio. (a) HS-31 and J-1570 alloys. (b) Udimet 500 alloy. (c) A-286, HS-31, and J-1570 alloys. See Table 47 for grinding fluid description. More
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 19 Residual stress from surface grinding of D6AC steel (56 HRC). Wheel A46K8V Wheel speed, m/min (ft/min) 1800 (6000) Cross feed, mm/pass (in./pass) 1.25 (0.050) Table speed, m/min (ft/min) 12 (40) Depth of grind, mm (in.) 0.25 (0.010) Grinding fluid Soluble More
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 7 Residual stress from surface grinding of D6AC steel (56 HRC) Wheel A46K8V Wheel speed, m/min (ft/min) 1800 (6000) Cross feed, mm/pass (in./pass) 1.25 (0.050) Table speed, m/min (ft/min) 12 (40) Depth of grind, mm (in.) 0.25 (0.010) Grinding fluid Soluble oil More
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
(in.) 1.8 × 19 × 108 (0.070 × 3 4 × 4 1 4 ) Grinding fluid Soluble oil (1:20) More
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
) Surface finish, μm (μin.) 0.63–0.76 (25–30) Hardness, HRC 58–60 Grinding wheel Type Cup (a) Classification A-54-J8-V Size, mm (in.) 305 (12) OD Operating conditions Wheel speed, at 1200 rev/min, m/min (sfm) 1150 (3770) Feed 3.2 s/tooth (b) Grinding fluid Straight More
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
 Roughing, mm (in.)  0.89 (0.035)  Finishing, mm (in.) 0.41 (0.016) Grinding fluid Sulfurized grinding oil Time per piece, min 12 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
(0.015) (b)  Root skirt 0.40 (0.015) (b)  Tip skirt 0.30 (0.012) (c) Grinding fluid None Production rate, s/piece 93 (d) Belt life 15 root skirts or 10 tip skirts (a) Low-flexibility, heavy-duty belt. (b) 0.65 g of metal removed. (c) 0.75 g of metal removed. (d More
Image
Published: 01 January 1989
–0.018) Grinding fluid Soluble oil:water (1:25) Production rate, pieces/h 106 Time/pass, s (a) 20 Surface finish, μm (μin.) 1.25–2.25 (50–90) (a) Infeed set with automatic timer More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for steels, nickel-base high-temperature alloys, and titanium alloys. Low-stress grinding conditions differ from conventional practices by employing softer-grade grinding wheels, reduced grinding wheel speed, reduced infeed rates, chemically active cutting fluids, and coarse wheel dressing procedures. Low...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... (oxide dispersion strengthened) products are also listed. broaching cobalt-base heat-resistant casting counterboring cutting fluids cutting tools drilling grinding heat-resistant alloys iron-base heat-resistant casting machining milling nickel-base heat-resistant casting alloys planing...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
.... The article presents the factors influencing the choice of cutting speed and cutting fluids. It outlines two basic methods for the grinding of gear teeth: form grinding and generation grinding. The article concludes with information on the gear inspection techniques used to determine whether the resulting...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... “Metal Cutting and Grinding Fluids” in this Volume, but a brief discussion of coolant effects is appropriate in this article. Figure 13 shows the effects of three fluids: a sulfur-chlorinated oil, a water-soluble oil at 10% in water, and a synthetic oil at 5% in water. As shown in Fig. 13...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract Mechanical finishes usually can be applied to aluminum using the same equipment used for other metals. This article describes the two types of grinding used in mechanical finishing: abrasive belt grinding and abrasive wheel grinding. It reviews the binders and fluid carriers used...