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grinding fluid selection

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Grinding is an extremely complex process that requires the consideration of a number of elements in order to make a reasonably adroit initial selection of a fluid or fluids for a manufacturing plant. In addition, the disposal of grinding wastes must meet the minimum requirements...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... S.F. and Ratterman E. , Superabrasives Grinding and Machining with CBN and Diamond , McGraw-Hill , 1989 • Springborn R.K. , Ed., Cutting and Grinding Fluids: Selection and Application , American Society of Tool and Manufacturing Engineers , 1967 ...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article discusses the various elements of thread grinding processes, including thread grinding machines, tolerances, wheel selection, grinding speed, and grinding fluids. It describes truing of grinding wheels and reviews the process applications. In addition, the article...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes, and solid lubricants along with their subtypes. It discusses the factors considered during the selection of cutting fluid, focusing on machinability (or grindability...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Some cutting and grinding solutions are described below with regard to three types of base fluid. In all metal cutting and grinding solutions, additives are selected that are soluble or in some cases dispersible in the fluid. In combination, the fluid and the additive display the desired properties...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... by the form of the thread. It explains the reasons for using fluids in thread rolling. The article concludes with a comparison of rolling with cutting and grinding. continuous rolling flaking flat die rolling internal thread rolling planetary thread rolling radial-infeed rolling seam formation...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article discusses the factors influencing cast iron machining and selection of cutting fluid and cutting tool materials. It presents a comparison of machinability of different types of cast iron, namely, gray cast iron, ductile cast iron, and malleable cast iron. In addition...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Continuous filtering of cutting fluids for the removal of chips, slivers, grindings, and other foreign material is especially desirable because aluminum alloys are relatively soft and are easily damaged by a contaminated cutting fluid. Mist Application of Cutting Fluids The mist application of cutting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... selected. Required finishes for fine-pitch threads can be obtained most economically by using A2 and either machining or grinding the die threads. As a short-term solution for a deficient die setup, which is the cause of most early die failures, die hardness can be reduced to increase toughness...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... clearance and/or the introduction of coolant. It describes the compositions and applications of coated abrasives and types of grinding fluids, such as petroleum-base and mineral-base cutting oils, water-soluble oils, synthetic fluids, semisynthetic fluids, and water plus additives. The article concludes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Fluid The direction, pressure, and flow of cutting fluid or coolant applied are critical in the grinding of ceramics. Contrary to commonly held views, oil in some instances may be preferable to water-based fluids, as is normally used for ceramic grinding. This selection will depend heavily...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... to the workpiece (a more complete discussion may be found in the article “Metal Cutting and Grinding Fluids” in this Volume). Dependent Variables Dependent variables are determined by the process based on the prior selection of the input or independent variables. Thus, the manufacturing engineer's control...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for steels, nickel-base high-temperature alloys, and titanium alloys. Low-stress grinding conditions differ from conventional practices by employing softer-grade grinding wheels, reduced grinding wheel speed, reduced infeed rates, chemically active cutting fluids, and coarse wheel dressing procedures. Low...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... “Metal Cutting and Grinding Fluids” in this Volume, but a brief discussion of coolant effects is appropriate in this article. Figure 13 shows the effects of three fluids: a sulfur-chlorinated oil, a water-soluble oil at 10% in water, and a synthetic oil at 5% in water. As shown in Fig. 13...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... other than grade selection. Setup, processing methods, grinding techniques, material quality, and the condition of the machine tool and fixturing, all influence cutter performance. Figure 3 shows the importance of a setup using climb milling compared with conventional milling or having the work...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... of cutting fluid, density, alloying contents, feed rate, and drill type are evaluated for the selected group representatives. All the tests were carried out in a numeric-controlled machining center. Early in the testing procedure, the heat generated in the workpiece during the drilling cycle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... motion of the medium and varying velocity, path lengths, and trajectories of individual milling bodies. Milling fluid viscosity also affects collision rate. Generally, the size and density of the milling medium selected are determined by the n and fracture resistance for metals. For hard, brittle...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... speed, downfeed or infeed, wheel dressing, and grinding fluid. As grinding parameters become more aggressive (that is, harder wheels, higher wheel speeds, increased infeed, and so on), the grinding process becomes more abusive and therefore more likely to produce surface damage. Gentle, or low-stress...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... that was machined by the carbide form tool shown. Dimensions in figure given in inches Speed, at 1120 rev/min, m/min (sfm) 245 (800) Feed, mm/rev (in./rev) 0.20 (0.008) Metal removed, mm (in.) ∼0.38 (0.015) Cutting fluid None Production rate, pieces/h 700 Tool life per grind, pieces...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article describes the selection of tool steels on the basis of specific product applications. It contains tables that list nominal speeds and feeds for the machining of various tool steels. The machining processes include turning, boring, broaching, drilling, reaming, tapping...