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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... installation of the protective coating/lining system. Prior to beginning surface-preparation operations, many specifications will require a presurface-preparation inspection to verify the correction of fabrication defects and removal of surface contamination such as grease, oil, cutting compounds, lubricants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes the basic attributes of the most widely used metal surface cleaning processes to remove pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips, cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale from steel parts, and residues and lapping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article reviews cleaning and finishing operations that have proven to be effective on titanium, its alloys, and semi-fabricated titanium products. It explains how to remove scale, tarnish films, grease, and other soils and how to achieve required finishes and/or improve wear and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article reviews the steps involved in presurface-preparation inspection: substrate replacement; removal of weld spatter, rounding of sharp edges, and grinding of slivers/laminations; and removal of rust scale, grease, oil, and chemical (soluble salt) contamination. It focuses on...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Metal surfaces must often be cleaned before subsequent operations to remove unwanted substances such as pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips and cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale, and miscellaneous contaminants. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., grease, cutting fluid, and polishing compound. Oxide, scale, tarnish, or discoloration can be removed from nickel and nickel alloys by mechanical methods, such as grinding or abrasive blasting, or by chemical methods, such as pickling. Conventional methods of cleaning with alkaline compounds, emulsions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-containing materials. A rust-preventive compound can consist of only one or a combination of these four basic parts: a carrier, a film former, polar materials, and specialty additives. For example, the rust protection offered by film formers, such as grease, petrolatum, and low-melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...) 500-03 surface-preparation descriptions Standard Title Description NAPF 500-03-01 “Solvent Cleaning” Shall result in the surface being free of all oil, small deposits of asphalt paint, grease, soil, drawing and cutting s, and other soluble contaminants from iron surfaces. NAPF 500-03...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... organic finishes. Anodic coatings are porous and provide no corrosion protection unless sealed with a paint. NICKEL ALLOYS do not require special techniques or precautions for removing shop soils such as soap, drawing compound, oil, grease, cutting fluid, and polishing compound. Oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... process in which a solution of a mineral acid, organic acid, or acid salt, in combination with a wetting agent and detergent, is used to remove oxide, shop soil, oil, grease, and other contaminants from metal surfaces, with or without the application of heat. The distinction between acid cleaning and acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Rough polishing Cloth (a) 2100 23 80-grit silicon carbide 29 None or light application of grease stick Final polishing Cloth (a) 2100 30 220-grit Al 2 O 3 49 Grease stick Spot polishing Cloth (a) 2100 46 220-grit Al 2 O 3 77 Grease stick General buffing Spiral-sewn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... recovery solvent waste solvent waste disposal spray system equipment surface preparation temperature baths vapor degreasing SOLVENT CLEANING is a surface preparation process that is especially adept at removing organic compounds such as grease or oil from the surface of a metal. Most organic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... ultrasonic waves; some examples are shown in Fig. 1 ( Ref 1 , 2 ). Conventional technologies most commonly have used single-element piezoelectric-based transducers that couple energy into a part using a couplant. This couplant can be a grease or gel in contact testing, or a large volume of fluid, commonly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Higher temperatures generally result in better cleaning. Sometimes the bulk melting point of a paste or grease must be achieved for good cleaning. Temperatures above 65 to 70 °C (150 to 160 °F) can cause excessive wear of equipment, however, and increase the possibility of drying the soap solution onto...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... glass or grease is between the extruded billet and the die and container ( Fig. 1b ). In this case, the sliding friction stress between the tooling and the workpiece is less than the shear flow stress of the workpiece and can be quantified as the product of the coefficient of friction and the stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) to remove a variety of contaminants from parts immersed in aqueous media. The contaminants can be dirt, oil, grease, buffing/polishing compounds, and mold release agents, just to name a few. Materials that can be cleaned include metals, glass, ceramics, and so on. Ultrasonic agitation can be used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Commonly used methods for the removal of greases, drawing compounds, and machining oils include: Alkaline cleaning Emulsion cleaning Solvent cleaning Vapor degreasing Ultrasonic cleaning Acid cleaning Each of these are described briefly below and in greater detail in the articles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... must be free of surface contaminants such as oil, grease, drawing lubricants, and mill scale before fluxing and immersion in molten tin. Inadequate or improper surface preparation is a frequent cause of defects such as poor adhesion. Fluxing facilitates and speeds the reaction of molten tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., or dipped in, the hot solvent and then subjected to vapor degreasing to remove the last traces of grease and compound. This method is effective provided that adequate measures are taken to remove the fine abrasive and metallic particles from the parts ( Ref 5 ). Emulsion cleaners can be used to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to the same test conditions. To ensure that the data reflect significant performance differences between coating systems, not simply an effect caused by the test conditions, only results from unlubricated tests (i.e., no added oil or grease) are summarized. Adding lubricants such as grease or oil to...