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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... installation of the protective coating/lining system. Prior to beginning surface-preparation operations, many specifications will require a presurface-preparation inspection to verify the correction of fabrication defects and removal of surface contamination such as grease, oil, cutting compounds, lubricants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... conversion coating and without coating ( Ref 2 ). A large variety of lubricants may be applied for cold forging of unalloyed aluminum and the easily formable alloys, which include zinc stearate, mineral oil+graphite, mineral oil+EP additives, grease, and lanoline. Cold forging processes with heavier...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., oxygen-rich metallic case beneath the scale in order to avoid cracking during subsequent working operations. Heavy grease, oil, and black lubricant coatings resulting from cold working are removed by alkaline or caustic soaking, followed by acid pickling. To remove soil or light oil from a metal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...: stable or diphase emulsion spray or soak, rinse, alkaline spray or soak, rinse, electroclean; or solvent presoak, alkaline soak or spray, electroclean. (j) Third preference: emulsion spray rinse Common shop oils and greases, such as unpigmented drawing lubricants, rust-preventive oils, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... 7 Stratified rust/rust scale Visible deposits of grease, oil, cutting compounds, or lubricants used in the fabrication process, or that have become deposited onto existing surfaces, must be removed prior to surface preparation. If not removed, the contamination can be spread around the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... fluids to meet specific production requirements. Common shop oils and greases, such as unpigmented drawing lubricants, rust-preventive oils, and quenching and lubricating oils, can be effectively removed by several different cleaners. Selection of the cleaning process depends on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... designed for cold extrusion with high rigidity, accurate alignment, and long working strokes are described. The article details the factors that are critical in cold extrusion: punch design, die design, and tool design. It summarizes the role of lubricants during extrusion of steel, such as soap lubricant...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... information on the various drive systems and the auxiliary equipment. It describes the selection of die materials and lubricants for sheet metal forming and provides information on the lubrication mechanisms and selection with a list of lubricant types for forming of specific sheet materials of ferrous or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., titanium alloys, alloy steels, stainless steels, and tool steels are extruded with a variety of graphite and glass-base lubricants. Commercial grease mixtures containing solid-film lubricants, such as graphite, often provide little or no thermal protection to the die. For this reason, die wear is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to the same test conditions. To ensure that the data reflect significant performance differences between coating systems, not simply an effect caused by the test conditions, only results from unlubricated tests (i.e., no added oil or grease) are summarized. Adding lubricants such as grease or oil to...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 205 400 30 min Generally, lubrication is more important in hot than in cold forming of magnesium alloys, because these alloys are more likely to gall as the forming temperature increases. Lubricants for forming magnesium alloys include mineral oil, grease, tallow, soap, wax...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... size, machining, descaling, cutting to length, and lubricating. It lists the advantages of the cold heading over machining. Materials selection criteria for dies and punches in cold heading are also described. The article provides examples that demonstrate tolerance capabilities and show dimensional...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... include oils, extreme-pressure lubricants, soaps, waxes, silicones, graphite, molybdenum disulfide, copper plating, and an acrylic enamel coating made by suspending powdered copper in acrylic resin. Ordinary oils and greases are commonly used in the forming of niobium and tantalum, because these...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... by a gripper attached to a powered cylindrical block or capstan. On so-called dry machines, the die is mounted in an adapter within a box. This die box contains grease, dry soap, oil, or other lubricants through which the stock must pass before reaching the die. Bars about 32 mm (1.25 in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... sulfur to produce a cooler action in wet grinding. Also, external application of grease sticks to grinding wheels can provide some lubrication, but this requires performing the operation dry. Solid waxes in stick form can be used on grinding wheels, sanding disks or belts, taps, and band- or circular-saw...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... copper alloys, magnesium alloys, and titanium alloys. It provides forging process variables such as stock preparation, heating and cooling of forgings, die lubrication, trimming, and cleaning of these metals and alloys. The article explains the effect of temperature, deformation rate, and die temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...; soft film; fire resistant Low-cost corrosion preventive, fire resistant, thin film MIL-G-10924 Grease, automotive and artillery Preservative grease Lubricant for automotive and artillery equipment, at −54 to 51 °C (−65 to 125 °F) MIL-G-18458 Grease, wire rope, exposed gear Petroleum oil and...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Protection of Lubricating Greases Mass loss ratio Sliding wear D 2266 Test Method for Wear Preventative Characteristics of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method) Wear scar diameter D 2670 Test Method for Measuring Wear Properties of Fluid Lubricants (Falex Pin and Vee Block Method) “Teeth wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... fracture lines for each case of friction condition. The resulting strain crossed the fracture lines for synthetic fluorine- v containing resin- (a) and grease-lubricated (b) cases but is below the fracture line for the unlubricated case (c). To evaluate the Cockcroft-Latham criterion for nonfree...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... surface and the smooth outer region, radial cracks initiate and propagate outward. Such cracks occurred at approximately 30% reduction when the smooth outer region was lubricated with Teflon. The cracks occurred at approximately 45% reduction when grease lubrication was used in the outer smooth region. No...