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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article reviews cleaning and finishing operations that have proven to be effective on titanium, its alloys, and semi-fabricated titanium products. It explains how to remove scale, tarnish films, grease, and other soils and how to achieve required finishes and/or improve wear and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes the basic attributes of the most widely used metal surface cleaning processes to remove pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips, cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale from steel parts, and residues and lapping...
Book Chapter

By Rebecca Tuszynski
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the properties, chemical structures, and applications of different types of elastomers grouped based on their resistance to aging (oxidative degradation), solvents, and temperature. These include butadiene rubber, natural rubber, isoprene rubber, chloroprene...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...) 500-03 surface-preparation descriptions Standard Title Description NAPF 500-03-01 “Solvent Cleaning” Shall result in the surface being free of all oil, small deposits of asphalt paint, grease, soil, drawing and cutting s, and other soluble contaminants from iron surfaces. NAPF 500-03...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) to remove a variety of contaminants from parts immersed in aqueous media. The contaminants can be dirt, oil, grease, buffing/polishing compounds, and mold release agents, just to name a few. Materials that can be cleaned include metals, glass, ceramics, and so on. Ultrasonic agitation can be used...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... organic finishes. Anodic coatings are porous and provide no corrosion protection unless sealed with a paint. NICKEL ALLOYS do not require special techniques or precautions for removing shop soils such as soap, drawing compound, oil, grease, cutting fluid, and polishing compound. Oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... requirements, data analysis, and provides examples of the applications and interpretation of DSC. differential scanning calorimetry polymers polymer degradation Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is the most common thermal technique for polymer characterization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Rough polishing Cloth (a) 2100 23 80-grit silicon carbide 29 None or light application of grease stick Final polishing Cloth (a) 2100 30 220-grit Al 2 O 3 49 Grease stick Spot polishing Cloth (a) 2100 46 220-grit Al 2 O 3 77 Grease stick General buffing Spiral-sewn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Higher temperatures generally result in better cleaning. Sometimes the bulk melting point of a paste or grease must be achieved for good cleaning. Temperatures above 65 to 70 °C (150 to 160 °F) can cause excessive wear of equipment, however, and increase the possibility of drying the soap solution onto...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... recovery solvent waste solvent waste disposal spray system equipment surface preparation temperature baths vapor degreasing SOLVENT CLEANING is a surface preparation process that is especially adept at removing organic compounds such as grease or oil from the surface of a metal. Most organic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... costs and minimize regulatory compliance problems. Ineffective cadmium replacements can lead to degraded component-corrosion control performance and, in extreme cases, catastrophic component failures. The author acknowledges the assistance of Earl C. Groshart, Boeing Defense and Space Group...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...: Surface contamination by either moisture or foreign matter such as oil, grease, or silicone. Also known to happen when incorrect solvent blends have been used Prevention: Ensure surface is clean and free from grease, oil, and other contaminants prior to application of coating. Fig. 13 The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...: Failure is defined as one of the following changes in the dry film: the appearance of blisters, gloss reduction, or total paint film degradation. Table 8 Chemical-resistance properties of fluoroethylene vinyl ether (FEVE) resins Chemical exposure (acid or base) FEVE resin with medium cross...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... permitted. Most electrodeposits have some degree of stress in the as-deposited condition that may cause distortion after the mandrel is separated. Stress relieving and special attention to electrolyte chemistries and operating parameters can lessen this problem. Any degradation in the mandrel surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... Temperatures directly involved in the fiber-related processes usually are chosen to balance higher chemical reactivity against increased ber degradation or energy costs associated with higher temperatures. Temperatures as high as 160 °C (320 °F) are encountered in chemical digestion of wood. Most other water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., because of their strength, oxidation resistance, and corrosion resistance at elevated service temperatures (650 to 1205 °C, or 1200 to 2200 °F). The surfaces of parts made from these alloys must be cleaned of contaminants, of which there are several types. Shop soils, such as oil, grease, and cutting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...; removing typical machine-shop soils such as cutting oils, polishing compounds, grease, chips, and deposits from electrical discharge machining; used when surface finish must be maintained; inexpensive Ultrasonic cleaning Typically used with detergent and water or with a solvent; removing adherent shop...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., powder is packed in boxes (5, 10, 15, 20, or 25 kg, or 11, 22, 33, 44, or 55 lb) or big bags (typically 450 kg, or 990 lb). The boxes are sealed to prevent ingress of moisture. Pretreatment is used to ensure removal of oil, soil, lubrication greases, metal oxides, welding scales, and so on and is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... surface. It is good practice to remove particle contamination with a nitric acid pickle to prevent degradation of corrosion resistance. A 20-min soak in 50% nitric acid solution at ambient temperature will dissolve embedded or smeared iron particles, but it will not remove silica or aluminum oxide. When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... characteristic reddish-brown debris of ferric oxide, which, when mixed with oil or grease, produces debris that is often referred to as “blood,” “cocoa,” or “red mud.” Hence, in components that are lubricated so that ordinary corrosion is not likely to occur, the presence of reddish-brown debris is indicative of...