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gravity-drop hammers

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003973
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Abstract Abstract Hammers and high-energy-rate forging machines are classified as energy-restricted machines as they deform the workpiece by the kinetic energy of the hammer ram. This article provides information on gravity-drop hammers, power-drop hammers, die forger hammers, counterblow...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Forging machines use a wide variety of hammers, presses, and dies to produce products with the desired shape, size, and geometry. This article discusses the major types of hammers (gravity-drop, power-drop, high speed, and open-die forging), and presses (mechanical, hydraulic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... by the progressive deformation of sheet metal in matched dies under the repetitive blows of a gravity-drop hammer or a power-drop hammer. The configurations most commonly formed by the process include shallow, smoothly contoured double-curvature parts; shallow-beaded parts; and parts with irregular and comparatively...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... equipment Forging machine Speed range Speed-stroke behavior ft/s m/s Hydraulic press 0.2–1.0 (a) 0.06–0.30 (a) Mechanical press 0.2–5 0.06–1.5 Screw press 2–4 0.6–1.2 Gravity-drop hammer 12–16 3.6–4.8 Power-drop hammer 10–30 3.0–9.0 Counterblow hammer 15...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... economical method. Drop Hammers Gravity-drop hammers with ram weights in the range of 410 to 910 kg (900 to 2000 lb) are extensively used in the tableware industry. Board hammers can be used, although pneumatic-lift hammers predominate for this type of coining. In producing tableware, reproduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.9781627081856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., drop hammer forming, explosive forming, electromagnetic forming, and superplastic forming. auxiliary equipment blanking contour roll forming deep drawing die materials drop hammer forming electromagnetic forming explosive forming fine-edge blanking forming by multiple-slide machines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003978
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...” in this article. Hammers and Presses Because the length of the hammer ram stroke and the magnitude of the force must be controllable over a wide range throughout the forging cycle, gravity-drop hammers and most mechanical presses are not suitable for open-die forging. Power forging hammers (air or steam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Hammers Simple board-type gravity-drop hammers are not extensively used for the forging of stainless steel, because of their low capacity and because greater control is obtained with other types of equipment. Power-drop hammers (steam or air) are widely used for open-die forgings, as well as for all...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... forge shops in which most of the forging units are gravity drop hammers make only limited use of die inserts. Inserts can contain the impression of only the portion of a forging that is subject to greatest wear, or they can contain the impression of a whole forging. An example of the first type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... large specimens such as forged steel or wrought alloy steel rolls. In this procedure, a diamond-tipped hammer is dropped from a fixed height onto the surface of the material being tested. The height of rebound of the hammer is a measure of the hardness of the metal. The Scleroscope scale consists...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... or collars. Metal-cleaning shears are especially popular for separating steel parts from cable scrap. Guillotine shears operate the same way as the well-known device used for executing persons. Scrap is placed underneath a cutting blade, which drops down onto the piece with the help of vertical guide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... variables such as workpiece and die temperature, strain rate, and deformation mode. The article describes the relative forgeability of the ten most widely used aluminum alloys, and reviews common forging equipment, including hammers, mechanical and screw presses, and hydraulic presses. It also discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.9781627081979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the conveyor. As the shell turns it carries the magnetic material out of the magnetic field allowing it to drop free of the drum to be collected. A magnetic belt separator works on the same principle, except that the magnet is located between two pulleys, around which a continuous belt travels. Preliminary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of the equipment, forging design sophistication, desired forging process, and cost. Additional information on the types of equipment used in the manufacture of forgings is available in the Section “Forging Equipment and Dies” in this Volume. Hammers Gravity and power-drop hammers are used for both the open...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... in length resulting from dropping test specimens of W1 tool steel Abstract Abstract The design of a tool-steel part directly affects the susceptibility to shape distortion on heating and cooling. This article provides information on the selection of chemical composition and the effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.9781627081962
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... die is considerable in those cases where velocity is the major energy component (i.e., power hammer or drop hammer forging). Thus, the act of bringing the die halves together precisely can be a daunting task. As a result, the dimensional specifications for forgings will often take into account...