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gravimetric analysis

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... possible in crystalline phosphate layers are illustrated. The article presents four chemically important phosphating steps, namely, cleaning, activation or conditioning, phosphating, and posttreatment plus standard rinsing. It describes the physical and chemical properties by gravimetric analysis, chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... to quantitate halogens in a sample. However, it is much more straightforward and less expensive to carry out this quantitation via precipitation and subsequent gravimetric analysis. Sampling Obtaining a sample that is representative of the whole is of utmost importance in wet chemical analysis ( Ref 1...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of the substance sought in the determination. This relationship is established using primary standard materials, often with a certified material similar to the unknown sample. Gravimetric Analysis Gravimetric analysis, or gravimetry, involves isolation of the analyte, that is, the element or other species...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... concentrations. It provides information on the calibration of PIXE analysis, which is mostly performed using gravimetric standards to avoid serious absorption, refluorescence, or ion energy change corrections. A comparative study on PIXE and x-ray fluorescence is also included. Finally, the article discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...) techniques. Gravimetric determination of mass loss, electrical-resistance methods, magnetic methods, quartz crystal microbalance method, solution analysis methods, and metrological methods are nonelectrochemical methods. The article presents an electrochemical test that examines the susceptibility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... with flowing argon gas, where mass loss is typically reported at temperatures of 110 and 450 °C (230 and 840 °F). Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) provides more detailed information by simulating the thermal cycle of a sintering operation up to a temperature of ∼450 °C (840 °F) in an inert atmosphere...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... analyses are also useful for fingerprinting materials. In thermal gravimetric analysis, a plot of weight change is made as a material is heated at a known rate. In differential thermal analysis (DTA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), an unknown sample and a reference sample are heated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Electrochemical techniques discussed include linear polarization resistance, electrochemical noise, harmonic distortion analysis, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and hydrogen permeation. The principles of operation for the corrosion measuring techniques are described along with examples of their use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article provides a detailed account of particle-induced x-ray emission (PIXE), covering the basic principles of PIXE analysis and calibration and quality-assurance protocols employed. A comparative study on PIXE and x-ray fluorescence is then presented. The article also discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Gravimetric mass loss is the reference by which all mass loss measurements are judged when evaluating the uniform or general corrosive attack of a metal in soil. Gravimetric mass-loss determinations involve weighing the specimen before the exposure period and then reweighing it after retrieval. When properly...
Book Chapter

By George B. Rynne
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... is evaluated by the use of the Hull cell. The pH is easily adjusted with sulfamic acid or ammonia and can be measured with a glass electrode. Lead concentration can be determined with sufficient accuracy by hydrometer readings or an occasional gravimetric analysis. Methane Sulfonic Acid Baths Methane...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001745
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract This article discusses the major methods of elemental analysis, namely, the combustion method for carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen; the Kjeldahl method for nitrogen; and the Schoniger flask method for other common elements. It also discusses the methods of functional group analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... requirements, data analysis, and provides examples of the applications and interpretation of DSC. differential scanning calorimetry polymers polymer degradation Overview Introduction Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is the most common thermal technique for polymer characterization...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... or Toxic Gases While most of the destruction associated with fires occurs during flaming, most of the deaths are caused by smoke and toxic gases ( Ref 2 ). Smoke evolution can be measured either optically or gravimetrically ( Ref 5 ). Optical measurements can be either static or dynamic ( Ref 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... for sample preparation for total carbon content, chemical analysis of the metallic elements in PM materials (many PM materials are not chemically homogeneous and require special precautions when preparing samples for chemical analysis—refer to MPIF Standard 67), temperature profiling a continuous mesh-belt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and subsequently analyzing the uncertainty from both the calibration process and the measurement process. This article briefly summarizes the most common calibration and uncertainty analysis methods, namely external standard methods, abbreviated external standard methods, internal normalization, internal standard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... and between raw material lots. Testing of critical-to-quality elements, such as content uniformity, gravimetric, and API degradant analysis, can be used to confirm the baseline process. Taking into consideration all the elements associated with the FDM process, a process failure modes and effects analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... … … … … … … … … … … … (a) Weight percent. (b) Analysis by high-temperature combustion; infrared detection (c) Peroxydisulfate-arsenite titrimetric analysis. (d) Alkalimetric analysis. (e) Gravimetric analysis. (f) Atomic absorption spectrometric analysis (g) Plate spectrographic analysis (h...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of IC, the procedures for preparing solid and liquid samples, as well as the applications of IC. electrical conductivity ferrous metals ion chromatography nonferrous metals qualitative analysis quantitative analysis sample preparation Overview Introduction Ion chromatography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract This article focuses on different aspects of wear particle analysis. It discusses the different wear regimes in the wear rate versus time (bathtub) curve. The article explains the essence of condition monitoring and how to properly sample lubricants for condition monitoring. It also...