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graphite morphology

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the graphite morphology, chemical composition requirements, castability, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of compacted graphite (CG) irons. It describes the factors affecting the mechanical properties of CG irons. The article also presents the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... graphite in CG iron. Full deep etch. 395× Abstract This article discusses the graphite morphology, chemical composition, mechanical and physical properties, and applications of compacted graphite (CG) irons. It compares the selected properties of gray, ductile and CG irons, and lists their...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract The term cast iron designates a group of materials that contain more than one constituent in their microstructure due to excess carbon that result in unique characteristics such as the fracture appearance and graphite morphology. This article discusses the classification of cast iron...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... cooling rate and composition. Steps on surfaces can change graphite morphology from plate to rod. With an increase in undercooling, pyramidal instabilities will occur on the faces of the graphite crystal. At undercoolings of 29 to 35°C (50 to 65°F), instabilities occur on the ( 10 1 ¯ 1...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... (20%), chromium (up to 5%), and silicon (up to 6%). As with gray irons, these more highly alloyed materials are referred to as alloyed cast irons or high-alloy irons. COMPACTED GRAPHITE (CG) IRONS have a solidification structure (graphite morphology) and properties intermediate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... through the casting in a region containing type C, size 3 graphite flakes. Cause of failure was traced to a crack that initiated at one of these flakes. Inset: broken grinder in as-received condition. 1.5× (C.-A. Baer, California Polytechnic State University) Effect of graphite morphology on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosion resistance, 3 to 4% Mo is added. In general, other alloying additions to cast irons have a minimal effect on corrosion resistance. Vanadium and titanium enhance the graphite morphology and matrix structure and impart slightly increased corrosion resistance to cast irons. Few other additions are...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... pearlitic microstructure; the machine housing has a ferrite plus pearlite matrix with graphite flakes; and the jaw crusher microstructure contains martensite and cementite. cast irons material selection mechanical properties microstructure steels THE PROPERTIES of irons and steels are linked...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... irons. Foundry practices are also described for compacted graphite, high-silicon ductile, and high-alloy white irons. alloying compacted graphite iron desulfurization high-alloy white iron high-nickel ductile iron high-silicon ductile iron high-silicon gray iron malleable iron sand molds...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of a white cast iron, all cast irons have in common a microstructure that consists of graphite phase in a matrix that may be ferritic, pearlitic, bainitic, tempered martensitic, or combinations thereof. The four types of graphitic cast irons are roughly classified according to the morphology of the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... carbides, graphite, martensite, and a variety of intermetallic phases, nitrides, and nonmetallic inclusions. The article further describes the two-phase constituents including, tempered martensite, pearlite, and bainite and nonmetallic inclusions in steel that consist of two or more phases. common...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... discusses the types of molding methods, such as rammed graphite molding and lost-wax investment molding. The article provides information on the casting design, melting, postcasting, and pouring practices. It describes the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti-6AI-4V alloy. The article examines the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article provides crystallographic and engineering data for single oxide ceramics, zirconia, silicates, mullite, spinels, perovskites, borides, carbides, silicon carbide, boron carbide, tungsten carbide, silicon-nitride ceramics, diamond, and graphite. It includes data on crystal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article addresses the types, properties, forms, and applications of fibers that are available for use in fiber-reinforced polymeric matrix composites, including glass, graphite, carbon, aramid, boron, silicon carbide, ceramic, continuous oxide and discontinuous oxide fibers. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that helps in understanding the causes and mechanisms of fracture of pearlitic malleable and ferritic malleable white irons, and in identifying and interpreting the morphology of fracture surfaces. The fractographs illustrate the fracture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... article describes the aluminum-silicon eutectic system and the lead-tin eutectic system. It discusses eutectic morphologies in terms of lamellar and fibrous eutectics, regular and irregular eutectics, and the interpretation of eutectic microstructures. The article examines the solidification of a binary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... the finely dimpled ductile fracture that occurs between the much larger voids nucleated at graphite nodules. SEM, 2000× (W.L. Bradley, Texas A&M University) Fig. 96 Fatigue precracked region on the fracture surface of a ferritic ductile iron compact tension specimen. Morphology is typical...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... matrix. Such a microstructure may be called an in situ composite. Another example of an in situ composite commonly produced by foundries is ductile cast iron ( Fig. 1 ), in which graphite nodules are dispersed in a ferrite matrix. A limitation of composites such as the aluminum-silicon eutectic alloy and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... G3000 grade designation for automotive gray cast iron. The typical fracture morphology within the matrix was transgranular cleavage. The microstructure consisted of size 5 type A graphite flakes in a matrix of approximately 73% pearlite/27% ferrite. No free carbides were present. The brittle crack...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... For cast iron, desulfurization is practiced in the manufacture of ductile iron castings in order to develop spherical graphite morphology. Ductile iron is used in applications where high fracture toughness is needed. Sulfur is removed from iron and steel when the metals are liquid. Although a variety...