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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 7 Retention of graphite in cast iron. (a) Coarse graphite flakes in a gray iron specimen that was polished with a long-nap cloth. Note enlarged cavities where the graphite phase has been torn out. (b) Well-preserved graphite flakes in a gray iron specimen that was polished with a napless More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 24 Retention of graphite in cast iron. (a) Coarse graphite flakes in a gray iron specimen that was polished with a long-nap cloth. Note enlarged cavities where the graphite phase has been torn out. (b) Well-preserved graphite flakes in a gray iron specimen that was polished with a napless More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 2 Types of graphite flakes in gray iron (AFS-ASTM). In the recommended practice (ASTM A 247), these charts are shown at a magnification of 100×. They have been reduced to one-third size for reproduction here. More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 9 Fracture through the matrix between the graphite flakes of a gray iron. Original magnification: 250×. Courtesy of Stork Technimet, Inc. New Berlin, WI More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 6 Microstructure of gray cast iron showing graphite flakes and phosphorus-rich eutectic in a pearlite matrix. Nital etch More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 11 Microstructures of cast irons. (a) Gray iron with graphite flakes. (b) Nodular iron. Source: Ref 16 . (c) White iron More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 8 The maximum dimension of graphite flakes ( L max ) as a function of the number of eutectic cells (N A ) in inoculated GCI (carbon equivalent [CE] = 4.3) More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 49 Micrograph of large graphite flakes of gray cast irons or clusters having a preferable orientation of flakes and located near the casting surface. These serve as an appreciable stress raiser. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 59 Carbon in gray cast irons appears as graphite flakes during solidification from iron carbide dissociation in a steel matrix. More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 1 Graphite flake size as specified by ASTM A247. (a) Longest flakes 101.6 mm (4 in.) or more in length. (b) Longest flakes 50.8 to 101.6 mm (2 to 4 in.) in length. (c) Longest flakes 25.4 to 50.8 mm (1 to 2 in.) in length. (d) Longest flakes 12.7 to 25.4 ( 1 2 to 1 More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 14 Effect of maximum graphite flake length on the tensile strength of gray iron. Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 21 Effect of graphite flake length on tensile strength for two sets of gray irons. Source: Ref 32 More
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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 45 Classification of different graphite flake morphology More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 18 Effect of maximum graphite flake length on the tensile strength of gray iron. Source: Ref 25 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 28 Room-temperature thermal diffusivity as a function of graphite flake length for step blocks and rotor samples. Linear correlation shown is for step-block samples only. Source: Ref 67 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 15 Effect of maximum graphite flake length on the tensile strength of gray iron. Source: Ref 23 More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 45 Classification of different graphite flake morphology More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract Unlike gray iron, which contains graphite flakes, ductile iron has an as-cast structure containing graphite particles in the form of small, rounded, spheroidal nodules in a ductile metallic matrix. This article discusses the raw materials that are used for ductile iron production...
Book Chapter

By Charles V. White
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract ASTM specification A 48 classifies gray irons in terms of tensile strength. The usual microstructure of gray iron is a matrix of pearlite with graphite flakes dispersed throughout. Section sensitivity effects are used in the form of a wedge test in production control to judge...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... pearlitic microstructure; the machine housing has a ferrite plus pearlite matrix with graphite flakes; and the jaw crusher microstructure contains martensite and cementite. cast irons material selection mechanical properties microstructure steels THE PROPERTIES of irons and steels are linked...