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grain textures

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
...° (<110> dendrites) when ε 1 is decreased. Source: Ref 84 Fig. 9 Phase-field simulation of dendritic growth in the presence of fluid flow. Source: Ref 99 Abstract This article reviews the various aspects of the simulation of solidification microstructures and grain textures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003744
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article describes the mechanisms involved in creating texture for various metal-fabrication processes, namely, solidification, deformation, recrystallization and grain growth, thin-film deposition, and imposition of external magnetic fields. It discusses two experimental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the phase equilibria, crystallography, and deformation behavior of titanium and titanium alloys. The article describes the modeling and simulation of recrystallization and grain growth of single-phase beta and single-phase alpha titanium. The deformation- and transformation-texture evolution of two-phase...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract Crystallographic texture measurement and analysis is an important tool for correlating material properties with microstructural features. This article describes the general approach to quantifying crystallographic texture, namely, the collection of statistical data from grain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... texture. It also discusses the mechanisms used for strengthening aluminum alloys, including solid-solution hardening, grain-size strengthening, work or strain hardening, and precipitation hardening. The process of precipitation hardening involves solution heat treatment, quenching, and subsequent aging...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to inspect magnetic materials for defects such as cracks, voids, and inclusions and to assess other material properties, such as grain size, texture, and hardness. This article discusses the principles of such defect detection, providing details on the origin, generation, and assessment of leakage field data...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... These variables include the grain size, residual stresses, texture, loading mode, environment, and crack coalescence. Measurement of crack shapes or aspect ratios during fatigue crack growth can be performed by a number of techniques. The article describes the estimation of the stress-intensity factor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... of the mushy zone Space distribution of crystal orientation and possible texture for a few grains Space distribution of crystal orientation and possible texture for a large population of grains Internal average fraction of phases within the mushy zone Space distribution of species in phases Space...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and Deformation Texture Prediction , Int. J. Plast. , Vol 18 , 2002 , p 359 – 377 13. Crumbach M. , Pomana G. , Wagner P. , and Gottstein G. , Proc. Int. Conf. on Recrystallization and Grain Growth , Gottstein G. and Molodov D. , Ed., Springer Verlag , Berlin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Processes,” “Modeling of Dendritic Grain Solidification,” “Modeling of Laser-Additive Manufacturing Processes,” and “Formation of Microstructures, Grain Textures, and Defects during Solidification.” Prediction of solidification shrinkage, porosity, grain structure, and solidification defects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... considering the macroscopic properties of a polycrystalline metal or alloy, the texture ( Ref 1 ), that is, the crystal orientation distribution, is the primary contributor to elastic and plastic anisotropy arising from the anisotropy of single crystals. Of course, the grain morphology and microstructural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... (the “no-recrystallization temperature” identified as 950 °C in the diagram), the deformed grains (containing fcc deformation textures) are regularly converted into equiaxed grains (containing the “cube” or fcc recrystallization texture, together with some of the retained rolling component). The intensity of the cube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... measurement is truly a bulk measurement as opposed to the near-surface probe that x-rays or electrons represent. The large specimen capability also means that it is practicable to measure texture in coarse-grained materials, whereas a practical upper limit to grain size with x-rays is approximately 0.2 mm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... is 192 (in reduced unit), and the ratio between surface energy and grain-boundary energy (γ s /γ b ) is 3. Fig. 18 Microstructural evolution during texture-controlled grain growth obtained by phase field simulation of a two-dimensional system consisting of 27% initially randomly distributed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... due to directionality of microstructure, grain shape, secondary phases, or weak interfaces. However, anisotropy of plastic behavior is the result of preferred orientation of the crystal structure, referred to as crystallographic texture. The texture influences material behavior, such as yield strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... cells in the array will introduce errors because the microstructure and/or the texture is inadequately represented. This is especially a problem with the nucleation of recrystallized grains: Too few nuclei lead to errors in the kinetics and the texture resulting from the simulation. Once the size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of microstructure evolution. cellular automata dynamic recovery grain growth hot working microstructure evolution microstructure evolution modeling Monte-Carlo techniques plastic flow recrystallization static recovery texture evolution models thermomechanical processing IN PROCESS DESIGN...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003743
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... in the texture occurs. With a low degree of deformation and a low annealing temperature, the specimen may recover only without the occurrence of recrystallization. In situ recrystallization, or complete softening without the nucleation and growth of new grains at the expense of the polygonized matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... plane of the sheet or strip. Optical micrographs will show the distorted grains and deformation bands within the grains only at moderate deformations. With increasing deformation, a strong preferred orientation or crystallographic texture is developed in the specimen, even when the initial grains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Texture and Texture-Related Properties in Industrial Production of Aluminium Sheet , Int. J. Mater. Res. (Z. Metallkd.) , Vol 100 , 2009 , p 564 – 575 25. Beck P.A. , Holzworth M.L. , and Sperry P.R. , Effect of a Dispersed Phase on Grain Growth in Al-Mn Alloys , Trans. AIME...