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gouging-abrasion wear testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... abrasion against fixed particles, dry abrasion against loose particles, wet abrasion against fixed or loose particles, gouging-abrasion, small particle erosion, impact abrasion, slurry abrasion, and microabrasion, are also discussed. abrasive wear testing scratch wear testing dry abrasion testing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... industries, the following broad classifications have generally been used to describe the manifestations of abrasive wear that are seen on worn parts ( Ref 8 , 9 , 10 ): gouging abrasion; high-stress, or grinding, abrasion; low-stress, or scratching, abrasion; and solid particle erosion. In addition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... broad classifications have generally been used to describe the manifestations of abrasive wear that are seen on worn parts ( Ref 8 , 9 , 10 ): gouging abrasion; high-stress, or grinding, abrasion; low-stress, or scratching, abrasion; and solid-particle erosion. In addition to the aforementioned...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of the rubber wheel. Note the logarithmic scale for wear loss. Source: Ref 2 For high-stress abrasion with fixed abrasive, a pin-test with abrasive paper or cloth has been used by some investigators. Gouging abrasion can be tested in a laboratory jaw crusher. The effects of slurries and other wet loose...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Practice for Conducting Dry Sand/Rubber Wheel Abrasion Test,” G 65, ASTM 10. “Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Crossed-Cylinder Apparatus,” G 83, ASTM 11. “Standard Practice for Jaw Crusher Gouging Abrasion Test,” G 81, ASTM 12. “Test Method for Abrasion Resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of material removal under abrasive conditions. Testing for Wear and Surface Damage of Various Kinds Because wear and surface damage take on many different forms, several articles on wear and surface damage testing have been included in this Volume. Wear is a form of mechanically induced surface damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... ). documented an inverse relationship between abrasion rate and annealed hardness for pure metals ( Fig. 2 ). Khruschov also tested steels of varying hardness and found an inverse linear relationship between wear and hardness, although the slope of the equation was different than that for pure metals. Fig...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... crusher test, which provides a gouging wear ratio between the weight losses of the test material and a hardened and tempered structural steel plate (lower ratios indicate greater resistance to abrasion) Weight-loss data for a pin test , in which a test pin is continually abraded by fresh garnet...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... crusher test, which provides a gouging wear ratio between the weight losses of the test material and a hardened and tempered structural steel plate (lower ratios indicate greater resistance to abrasion) Weight-loss data for a pin test , in which a test pin is continually abraded by fresh garnet...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the Dry Sand/Rubber Wheel Apparatus Mass loss G 81 Practice for Jaw Crusher Gouging Abrasion Test Mass loss ratio G 105 Test Method for Conducting Wet Sand/Rubber Wheel Abrasion Tests Mass loss, normalized by wheel dimensions Erosive wear, cavitating fluid G 32 Test Method for Cavitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...), 4300 series, ASTM A579 alloy steel, 8600 series Mill liners, grates, and abrasion-resistant plates Severe gouging, crushing impact and wear, wet (pH 5–8) Austenitic manganese steels, martensitic chromium-molybdenum white cast iron, martensitic high-chromium white cast iron, martensitic nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Subcategories of abrasive wear Attribute Variations Number of bodies One-body (abrasive surface) or two-body (loose particles between surfaces) Stress level High stress or low stress Surface alteration Scratching, polishing, or gouging Presence of fluid Dry abrasion or slurry abrasion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... than pearlitic white irons or pearlitic steels. The type of wear that is sustained has a major influence on the performance of manganese steels. They have excellent resistance to metal-to-metal wear, as in sheave wheels, crane wheels, and car wheels; good resistance to gouging abrasion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... pronounced when gouging abrasion is not a factor. The following examples illustrate the effect of carbides in various wear applications. Example 2: Influence of Amount of Carbides on Wear of High-Speed Tool Steels Specimens of several different high-hardness, high-speed tool steels were tested...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... coatings. It discusses the wear testing methodologies that are standardized by ASTM, including the pin-on-disk, block-on-ring, dry sand/rubber wheel, erosion, metallographic apparatus abrasion, fretting wear, cavitation, reciprocating ball-on-flat, impact, and rolling contact fatigue test. The article...
Book Chapter

By Dongyang Li
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... may result in wear of both the surfaces, depending on the material properties. Abrasion is often further categorized into low-stress abrasion, for example, free-flow ore on inclined surfaces and wear of tractors during soil plowing ( Fig. 3a , b ), and high-stress abrasion (or gouging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... abrasion-resistant ferrous alloys, manganese steels are superior in toughness and moderate in cost. Manganese steel is not corrosion resistant; it rusts readily. Many of the common applications of austenitic manganese steel involve welding, either for fabrication or for repair. austenitic manganese...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... metal, inducing large plastic deformations followed by considerable loss of material by fracture processes such as scratching. Abrasion can also be produced by hard/sharp protuberances such as those on a metal file. Impact by hard substances can produce high-stress or gouging abrasion. Wear processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... erosion, gouging abrasion, and slurry erosion. Wear Mechanisms There are four general ways by which a material can wear in the aforementioned situations: adhesive processes, abrasive or deformation processes, fatigue or fatigue-like processes, and oxidative or corrosive processes. Adhesive Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... Abrasion appears as scratches, gouges, and scoring marks on the worn surface ( Fig. 1 ). Abrasion debris is frequently shaped as fine chips similar to those produced by machining, although on a much finer scale. Most of the models of abrasive wear involve the asperity geometry, therefore, wear rate depends...