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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... measures recommended for plasma arc cutting and air carbon arc cutting. Special applications of electric arc cutting, including shape cutting, gouging, and underwater cutting, are also discussed. The article provides information on other electric arc cutting methods, namely, the exo-process and oxygen arc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., dry abrasion against fixed particles, dry abrasion against loose particles, wet abrasion against fixed or loose particles, gouging-abrasion, small particle erosion, impact abrasion, slurry abrasion, and microabrasion, are also discussed. abrasive wear testing scratch wear testing dry abrasion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cutting, plasma arc cutting, oxygen arc cutting, laser beam cutting, and air carbon arc cutting and gouging, describing their process capabilities, equipment used, operating principles and parameters, and factors affecting their efficiency. air carbon arc cutting air carbon arc cutting and gouging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-carbon arc cutting cutting equipment AIR-CARBON ARC CUTTING (CAC-A) removes metal physically, rather than chemically, as in the oxyfuel cutting process. Gouging, or cutting, occurs when the intense heat of the arc between the carbon electrode and the workpiece melts part of the workpiece. Air...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... or may not require preparation in the form of a groove to permit proper access to the root of the joint. Several methods of joint preparation include machining, chipping, shearing, grinding, gas cutting, gas gouging, or air carbon arc gouging, which may be used to create single- or double-bevel, V-, J...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...: A Textbook in Tribology , CRC Press , 1996 , p 205 – 211 10.1201/9781439821893 30. Borik F. and Sponseller D.L. , Gouging Abrasion Test for Materials Used in Ore and Rock Crushing, Part 1: Description of the Test , J. Mater. , Vol 6 , 1971 , p 576 – 589 31. Kalpakjian S...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...- and three-body abrasion, sliding abrasion, gouging abrasion, high- and low-stress abrasion, impact abrasion, grinding abrasion, and so on. The more precise terminology for some of these classifications is further explained subsequently. In the excavation, earthmoving, mining, and mineral processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... be gouged, scalloped, or pitted. Other forms of corrosion are microscopic in breadth, and subsurface, so they are not initially discernable. Subsurface forms of corrosion include intergranular corrosion, corrosion fatigue, stress-corrosion cracking, and hydrogen damage. Such corrosion can occur alone...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of Vintage Pipelines ,” prepared for Interstate Natural Gas Association of America , Oct 2004 , p 5 15. Fields R.J. , Foecke T.J. , and deWit R. , “ Effect of Dents and Gouges on the Integrity of Pipelines ,” NIST IR 5479, National Institute of Standards and Technology , June...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of failure associated with the body of the pipe are mechanical damage, fatigue cracks, and material defects. Mechanical Damage Mechanical damage consists of gouges or gouges and dents that have generally been produced by excavation or handling equipment during construction. The failure characteristics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to mechanical loading or environmental conditions that are either unexpected or of low probability, and hence were not allowed for in the original design. A description of the various damage mechanisms to GRP marine composites is given in Table 1 . The most common types of damage to GRP vessels are gouges...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... also result in a pitting damage mode in boiler tubing, including hydrogen damage, phosphate corrosion, and caustic gouging. There are levels of damage modes. For instance, the previous example can generally be described as a corrosion damage mode, but this is a general term that is not very helpful...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the pit surfaces is unaffected ( Ref 3 ). In this system pitting is a specific damage mechanism, but many other damage mechanisms also result in a pitting damage mode in boiler tubing, including hydrogen damage, phosphate corrosion, and caustic gouging. It is helpful to be as specific as possible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006575
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... 16. Heigel J.C. , Michaleris P. , and Reutzel E.W. , Thermo-Mechanical Model Development and Validation of Directed Energy Deposition Additive Manufacturing of Ti-6Al-4V , Addit. Manuf. , Vol 5 , 2015 , p 9 – 19 10.1016/j.addma.2014.10.003 17. Gouge M.F. , Heigel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., the tubes “burn out.” Water and waterside chemistries are important in maintaining protection of internal tube surfaces, but they also can contribute to waterside corrosion problems such as caustic gouging, hydrogen damage, pitting, or dealloying. The change in pH can markedly affect the corrosion rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... steels (ASTM A128), 4300 series, ASTM A579 alloy steel, 8600 series Mill liners, grates, and abrasion-resistant plates Severe gouging, crushing impact and wear, wet (pH 5–8) Austenitic manganese steels, martensitic chromium-molybdenum white cast iron, martensitic high-chromium white cast iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... understood and accepted. The following is an example of this type of classification: Metal against nonmetallic abrasive High-stress gouging or grinding:  Wet, as in ball and rod mills  Dry, as in jaw-type or roll-type ore crushers Low-stress scratching or sliding:  Wet, such as conveyor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of the backing to the part should be prevented. Fig. 16 Use of carbon backing to provide support when repair welding surfaces and contours In weld repairing of parts that have cracked, the crack should be fully dressed out. Metal can be removed by chipping, grinding, machining, arc air gouging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.9781627081740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0