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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... gives a detailed account of production, properties and application of fiberglass, optical fibers, glass spheres and ceramic glasses, and describes the forms, classification, compositions and properties of glass/metal and glass-ceramic/metal seals. fiberglass forming glass melting glass spheres...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... t 1/2 = 64.1 h). Because the electrons destroy tumor cells, the YAS glass spheres, with a typical composition of 17.0Y 2 O 3 ·18.9Al 2 O 3 ·64.1SiO 2 in mol%, have been clinically used for liver cancers (as TheraSphere, Nordon) and are under clinical trials for kidneys and spleens and in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes the chemical composition, physical properties, thermal properties, mechanical properties, electrical properties, optical properties, magnetic properties, and chemical properties of glasses, glass-matrix composites, and glass-ceramics. chemical properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Many applications of ceramics and glasses require them to be joined to each other or to other materials such as metals. This article focuses on ceramic joining technologies, including glass-metal sealing, glass-ceramic/metal joining, ceramic-metal joining, ceramic-ceramic joining, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article reviews the applications of traditional glasses in architecture, transportation, construction, houseware, containers, and fibers. It also describes uses of specialty glasses for aerospace and military applications, biomedical and dental applications, chemical-resistant...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... under which failure has occurred. Beginning with a discussion of the various stages of failure analysis of glass and ceramic materials, this article focuses on descriptive and quantitative fracture surface analysis techniques that are used in the examination of glass and surfaces created by fracture and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the types, properties, and uses of continuous-fiber-reinforced composites, including glass, carbon, aramid, boron, continuous silicon carbide, and aluminum oxide fiber composites. While polyester and vinyl ester resins are the most used matrix materials for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... glass and measurement of these properties as a function of temperature. ceramics chemical analysis density measurement microstructural analysis nondestructive evaluation phase analysis proof testing strength testing methods surface area measurement thermophysical property testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... 90 52 Iron (pure) 80 46 Germanium 60 35 Carbon steel (1% C) 54 31 Alloy steel (18% Cr, 8% Ni) 16 9.2 Nonmetal solids Diamond, type 2A 2300 1300 Diamond, type 1 900 520 Sapphire (Al 2 O 3 ) 46 27 Limestone 1.5 0.87 Glass (Pyrex 7740) 1.0 0.58...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Diamond, type 2A 2300 1300 Diamond, type 1 900 520 Sapphire (Al 2 O 3 ) 46 27 Limestone 1.5 0.87 Glass (Pyrex 7740) 1.0 0.58 Teflon (Duroid 5600) 0.40 0.23 Brick (B & W K-28) 0.25 0.14 Plaster 0.13 0.075 Cork 0.040 0.023 Liquids Mercury 8.7 5.0...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... borosilicate glasses mixed with cordierite. Another combines hollow glass spheres with alumina, resulting in a dielectric constant of 5.2 ( Ref 18 ). Diamond is another material that has attractive substrate properties, especially its high thermal conductivity. It is usually applied as a thin film via...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... transmission of visible light for uncoated PC or PS is approximately 89 to 90%. All plastic and glass materials have some degree of light scattering, which, in terms of transmission loss, is measured as haze (using ASTM D 1003). In addition, a material may have some degree of absorption that will also show...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... successfully with microwaves. Also, the noncontact lateral and radial dimensional runout (variations) for tires has shown to be feasible. Microwaves respond to material density changes, such as caused by resin-to-glass ratio changes in fiber-reinforced plastic composites and by packing variations in ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... finishes. The article concludes with a description of the advances in the development of waterborne acrylic coatings for maintenance and protective applications. acrylic polymers acrylic resins glass transition temperature melamine-formaldehyde polymerization scanning electron microscopes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... The wetting behavior of PSAs is a specific example of the more general principle of time-temperature superposition. Williams, Landel, and Ferry (WLF) ( Ref 4 ) have shown that under many conditions, for amorphous polymers less than about 100 °C (180 °F) above their glass transition temperatures ( T g...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... respect to iron and graphite, and the glass (supercooled liquid) condition of slags, which is metastable with respect to crystalline compounds. The problem of nucleation is universal to the kinetics of solidification, and the subject is treated more extensively in the article “Nucleation Kinetics” in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... blasting. Shot blasting with 0.10 to 0.25 mm (0.003 to 0.009 in.) glass spheres produces a satin finish. Plastic and chopped aluminum wire blasting media are also used. Sand or steel shot blasting should be excluded as means for producing a desired mechanical finish. If these media are used, heavy pickling...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... discontinuous (graded, random) Crystallography Alignment of features (twins, cleavage, etc.) Source: Ref 3 Common CMC matrix materials include ceramics such as carbon, SiC, Si 3 N 4 , various glasses, and glass-ceramics. The incorporation of fibers, whiskers, or particles into one of these...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of the infrared spectrum around 2000 cm −1 will be unusable due to absorption of the windows. Infrared spectra of gases can be obtained in vacuumtight gas cells ranging in path length from a few centimeters to several meters. These glass or metal cells require valves to facilitate filling from...