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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and electroplating. Approximate costs shown are for chemicals only and do not include labor or overhead. Abstract Abstract Mechanical plating is a method for coating ferrous metals, copper alloys, lead, stainless steel, and certain types of castings by tumbling the parts in a mixture of glass beads...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... processes include emulsion cleaning, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, alkaline cleaning, ultrasonic cleaning, and glass bead cleaning. The article provides guidelines for choosing an appropriate process for particular applications and discusses eight well...
Book Chapter

By Ted Kostilnik
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Fatigue limit for peened, chromium plated, and baked. (ac) Tensile 1990 MPa (288 ksi). (ad) Fatigue Strength of 7075-T6 Aluminum Alloys When Peened with Steel Shot or Glass Beads, Potters Industries PII-I-74, 1974. (ae) R.L. Mattson and J.G. Roberts, The Effect of Residual Stresses Induced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for rebuilding Remove paint, scale, and carbon deposits Glass beads 60–100 mesh Air … 6 1 4 5–20 min Nonferrous metals Aluminum Produce frosted surface Sand 50 Air, barrel … 6 1 4 20 min Prepare for painting Iron grit G80 Wheel, barrel 15 … … 5 min...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... of abrasive used and the operating pressure. The service life of a tungsten carbide nozzle is about 8 to 15 h with a silicon carbide abrasive and about 20 to 35 h with aluminum oxide. With glass beads or sodium bicarbonate, nozzle life is indefinite. Sapphire nozzles have an average service life of 300 h...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... will hold approximately 910 kg (2000 lb) of 25 mm (1 in.) long steel threaded fasteners or approximately 680 kg (1500 lb) of 8d common nails. After the parts are loaded in the barrel, approximately 1000 kg (2200 lb) of glass beads are added with sufficient water to form a slurry. Glass beads are constantly...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... The metallic coating is produced by tumbling the parts in a mixture of glass beads, metallic dust or powder, “promoter” or “accelerator” chemicals, and water. The glass beads provide impacting and hammering energy, which serves to pound the metallic particles against the surfaces of the parts. The result...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... with water to produce a slurry that removes loose scale, discoloration, and soils. Metal loss is not excessive when normal pressures and exposure times are used. When spherical beads made of high-quality optical crown glass are used as the abrasive, stock loss is minimized. Bead sizes of 0.038 to 0.074...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... (wet peening). Shot-peening media are commonly steel, stainless steel, ceramic, and glass with either spherical shape or as a short whisker. Steel beads can be selected from a hardness range of 45 to 62 HRC, and zirconia ceramic beads at a Vickers hardness of 700 HV, or 60 HRC. Glass beads are commonly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005716
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... surface finish or texture. A wide variety of equipment and media make these modifications possible. Typical processes used in nondimensional finishing include: Brush finishing with rotary wire brush Finishing with abrasive pads Shot peening with steel, ceramic, or glass beads Vibratory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... when size permits. Glass bead blasting, using beads that are clean and of proper size in order to prevent overroughening of the surface, can also be employed to remove the heat tint. Small slag particles from coated electrodes resist cleaning and tend to collect in slight undercuts or other...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... primary function in glass is to stabilize/maintain color. The sodium nitrate is formed into beads from a melt and is very coarse compared with the other batch materials. However, it is the lowest melting point material used. It is also very hygroscopic, cakes readily as a result, and cannot be stored...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... cylinders ( Ref 15 ). Powders are also mixed with binders and pore-forming agents to increase porosity. One popular application of porous stainless steel media is hot polymer filtration. These filters are used in the polymer yarn spinning process. Use of stainless steel media (over glass beads, sand...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the mechanical properties of compressor blades, turbine-blade dovetails, and latter-stage turbine-blade airfoils by introducing favorable patterns of residual stress. Although all turbine-blade dovetails are peened with steel shot, glass beads are sometimes favored over metallic shot in other shot-peening...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... favorable patterns of residual stress. Although all turbine-blade dovetails are peened with steel shot, glass beads are sometimes favored over metallic shot in other shot-peening applications. ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... of the reflectivity of a surface. For example, aluminum army canteens are blasted as a final finish to reduce glare. Glass bead blasting offers another approach to cleaning and producing diffuse surfaces. Sandblasting using a fine abrasive produces a fine-grain matte finish on wrought and cast aluminum products...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... ice, glass bead, silicon carbide (carborundum), zirconia, and alumina are usually used as the solid particles. This method is widely used for removing all classes of scale and rust from ferrous mill products, forgings, castings, weldings, and heat treated parts. Depending on the requirement, abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... inadequate to denote it “inactive.” Some exceptions are known. For example, glass beads with a code YAS-89 (glass or glass-ceramic particles for cancer treatments) yield no fibrous tissue. Thus, the size and shape may be effective to induce the encapsulation. Tissue attachment mechanisms for bioceramic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... corrosion products from aluminum surfaces, while brass wire brushes should be used for copper alloys. Abrasives for sanding and blending are typically manufactured from aluminum oxide or silicon carbide. Blast media are supplied as silicon dioxide (glass) beads or aluminum oxide. The more aggressive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... on the medium chosen (aluminum oxide, silicon carbide, glass bead, steel shot, crushed plastic, etc.); particle size (No. 24 grit for rough finishes vs. No. 220 for smooth finishes); and particle shape (angular grit or cut shot for a dull appearance vs. crushed plastic, round glass beads, or cast steel shot...