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germanium compounds

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and focuses on the chemical properties of various germanium compounds, including germanium halides, germanates, germanides, germanes, inorganic, and organogermanium compounds. It also tabulates the physical, thermal, electronic, and optical properties of germanium, and explains the economical aspects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...” “Fe-Mo (Iron - Molybdenum)” in the article “Fe (Iron) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams” “Ga-Mo (Gallium - Molybdenum)” in the article “Ga (Gallium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams” “Ge-Mo (Germanium - Molybdenum)” in the article “Ge (Germanium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams” “Hf-Mo (Hafnium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... in the subboundaries often approximately equals the number of isolated dislocations in the subgrains. Fig. 3 Individual dislocations (revealed by careful etching) that comprise a subboundary in germanium. HNO 3 -acetic-HF-bromine. 1500×. Courtesy of W.G. Pfann Fig. 4 Dislocations and subboundaries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... (Gadolinium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ge-Mn (Germanium - Manganese)” in the article “Ge (Germanium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Hf-Mn (Hafnium - Manganese)” in the article “Hf (Hafnium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ho-Mn (Holmium - Manganese)” in the article “Ho (Holmium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are commercially available with liquidus temperatures that are as low as 11 °C (51 °F), for the ternary Ga-In-Sn alloy, to as high as 425 °C (795 °F), for the germanium-aluminum solder. Metal alloys with melting temperatures that exceed 450 °C (840 °F) are categorized as brazing filler metals. Specifications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-photoelectron by the four chlorine atoms bonded to germanium in the tetrahedral molecule. In another early study, a similarity was observed between the EXAFS spectra of a series of chromium, manganese, and cobalt crystalline compounds and those of their aqueous solution; the region of influence in an EXAFS...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... on studies with the K-edges of magnesium-, iron-, and chromium-containing compounds and with the L-edges of elements from cesium to neodymium, respectively. Progress was slow before 1970 primarily because the physical processes associated with EXAFS were not well understood; therefore, there was no adequate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... radius is around 50 nm; after wear it is about 350 nm ( Fig. 2b ). Brittle materials (such as silicon and its compounds, germanium used in aspheric lenses, and ceramics) and ductile materials (such as aluminum for computer hard disks and copper for laser printer mirrors) are easily machined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and V-Al. Source: Ref 2 Niobium compounds of interest fall into two general types of phase diagrams. Compounds with gallium, aluminum, and germanium form stoichiometrically only near the melting temperature ( Fig. 9 ). Phase segregation can be controlled by the annealing temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... to 30% Ga (wet basis), and lapping compound wastes contain less than 1% Ga. These wastes are contaminated with small quantities of many impurities, the most common being aluminum oxide, copper, chromium, germanium, indium, silicon, silicon carbide, tin, and zinc. Wafers broken during the fabrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and compound semiconductors. Elemental semiconductors are single crystals of a single element, primarily the group IV elements carbon, silicon, germanium, and tin, of which silicon and germanium are by far the most common in application. Compound semiconductors may be binary combinations of rows 3 and 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... involve soluble-anode electrolysis. Suitable addition agents are required to obtain a satisfactory deposit. For the highest-purity grades used for compound semiconductors, refining is supplemented by other methods. Purities of 99.97, 99.99, 99.999, and 99.9999% are obtained. Production The first...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... molecular structure Overview Introduction Infrared (IR) spectroscopy is a useful technique for characterizing materials and providing information on the molecular structure, dynamics, and environment of a compound. When irradiated with infrared light (photons), a sample can transmit, scatter...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract Infrared (IR) spectroscopy is a useful technique for characterizing materials and providing information on the molecular structure, dynamics, and environment of a compound. This article provides the basic principles and instrumentation of IR spectroscopy. It discusses the sampling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... wider use in instrumental methods as well. Also included in this article are procedures for isolating intact from the sample matrix some chemical compound that bears on the properties of the material, such as oxide inclusions in a steel alloy, and those that provide information on the oxidation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... (Iron - Gallium)” in the article “Fe (Iron) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” Ga-Gd (Gallium-Gadolinium) Ga-Gd crystallographic data Ga-Ge (Gallium-Germanium) Ga-Ge crystallographic data Ga-Ho (Gallium-Holmium) Ga-Ho crystallographic data Ga-In (Gallium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and technologies. Silicon epitaxial films are used routinely in the manufacture of high-performance bipolar and complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) integrated circuits. The deposition of compound semiconductors with direct bandgaps has led to the production of millimeter and microwave devices, as well...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Ordered intermetallic compounds based on aluminides and silicides constitute a unique class of metallic materials that have promising physical and mechanical properties for structural applications at elevated temperatures. This article provides useful information on mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... “cry” when bent. It wets glass and finds application in low-melting alloys and solders. It is used in making alkaline batteries, automotive trim, bearing alloys, electronic assemblies, germanium transistors, photoconductors, rectifiers, thermistors, vacuum seals, and group III-V compound semiconductors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... Cerium (Ce), the most abundant, ranks 28th and thulium (Tm), the least abundant, ranks 63rd. Research Grade Versus Commercial Grade The rare earth metals are extremely reactive elements forming stable oxides, sulfides, hydrides, and other compounds. Thus they are difficult to prepare in a high...