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germanium applications

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... properties germanium germanium applications germanium compounds germanium specifications optical properties semiconductor thermal properties toxicology GERMANIUM (Ge) is a semiconducting metalloid element found in Group IV A and period 4 of the periodic table. Although it looks like a metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
....” “Co-Ho (Cobalt - Holmium)” in the article “Co (Cobalt) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Fe-Ho (Iron - Holmium)” in the article “Fe (Iron) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ga-Ho (Gallium - Holmium)” in the article “Ga (Gallium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ge-Ho (Germanium - Holmium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... - Indium)” in the article “Gd (Gadolinium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ge-In (Germanium - Indium)” in the article “Ge (Germanium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Hg-In (Mercury - Indium)” in the article “Hg (Mercury) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ho-In (Holmium - Indium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Soldering involves heating a joint to a suitable temperature and using a filler metal (solder) that melts below 450 deg C (840 deg F). Beginning with an overview of the specification and standards and applications, this article discusses the principal levels and effects of the most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...) Dy-Ga crystallographic data Dy-Ge (Dysprosium-Germanium) Dy-Ge crystallographic data Dy-In (Dysprosium-Indium) Dy-In crystallographic data Dy-Mn (Dysprosium-Manganese) Dy-Mn crystallographic data Dy-Ni (Dysprosium-Nickel) Dy-Ni...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... laser diodes is from InP devices; because InP devices emit light at a longer wavelength than GaAs devices, they are suitable for fiber-optic communications applications. However, InP technology is at an earlier stage of development than GaAs technology; thus, InP devices are more costly. Germanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... data Er-Ge (Erbium-Germanium) Er-Ge crystallographic data Er-In (Erbium-Indium) Er-In crystallographic data Er-Mn (Erbium-Manganese) Er-Mn crystallographic data Er-Ni (Erbium-Nickel) Er-Ni crystallographic data Er-Pd (Erbium-Palladium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
....” “Ga-Gd (Gallium - Gadolinium)” in the article “Ga (Gallium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” Gd-Ge (Gadolinium-Germanium) Gd-Ge crystallographic data Gd-In (Gadolinium-Indium) Gd-In crystallographic data Gd-Mg (Gadolinium-Magnesium) Gd-Mg crystallographic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...) Ba-Cd crystallographic data Ba-Cu (Barium-Copper) Ba-Cu crystallographic data Ba-Ga (Barium-Gallium) Ba-Ga crystallographic data Ba-Ge (Barium-Germanium) Ba-Ge crystallographic data Ba-H (Barium-Hydrogen) Ba-H crystallographic data Ba-Hg...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and applications of EXAFS. extended X-ray absorption fine structure Overview Introduction X-ray absorption fine structure is a well-established technique providing reliable and useful information about the chemical and physical environment of the probe atom. It is somewhat less common than...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of synchrotron radiation as the x-ray source for EXAFS experiments. It also describes the typical EXAFS data analysis of pure nickel at 90 K, and explains the near-edge structure analysis of vanadium. The article presents a discussion on the unique features and applications of EXAFS. data analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...) Ce-Fe crystallographic data Ce-Ga (Cerium-Gallium) Ce-Ga crystallographic data Ce-Ge (Cerium-Germanium) Ce-Ge crystallographic data Ce-In (Cerium-Indium) Ce-In crystallographic data Ce-Ir (Cerium-Iridium) Ce-Ir crystallographic data Ce-Mg...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...-Cd crystallographic data Ca-Cu (Calcium-Copper) Ca-Cu crystallographic data Ca-Ga (Calcium-Gallium) Ca-Ga crystallographic data Ca-Ge (Calcium-Germanium) Ca-Ge crystallographic data Ca-Hg (Calcium-Mercury) Ca-Hg crystallographic data Ca...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...), hardened tool steel, 0.0001; boron carbide, 0.0002; hardened stainless steel, 0.0008; silicon, 0.005; germanium, 0.006; carbon, 0.015 Rate diminishes as abrasive breaks down; periodic additions and replacement desirable. Rate increased by forced application of abrasive. Machining characteristics Finish...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... junction, which is formed by alloying discs or spheres of indium into a wafer of N-doped germanium. This use of indium peaked around 1969 and 1970, but it has declined since then because germanium has been replaced by silicon in most semiconductor applications. Germanium semiconductors are now produced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the applications of PIXE in atmospheric physics and chemistry, external proton milliprobes and historical analysis, and PIXE microprobes. particle-induced X-ray emission Overview Introduction Particle-induced x-ray emission (PIXE) is one of several elemental analyses based on characteristic x-rays...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... crystallographic data As-Fe (Arsenic-Iron) As-Fe crystallographic data As-Ga (Arsenic-Gallium) As-Ga crystallographic data As-Ge (Arsenic-Germanium) As-Ge crystallographic data As-In (Arsenic-Indium) As-In crystallographic data As-K (Arsenic-Potassium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the machining of brittle materials such as germanium and silicon. At such low feeds and depths of cut, brittle materials behave like ductile materials, and this mode of removal is known as ductile machining ( Ref 3 ). Glass cannot be turned on these machines as yet, but this should be possible in the near...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... materials are also used in thin film form for various applications including silicon-germanium alloy and chalcogenides such as copper indium gallium selenide (Cu[In,Ga]Se 2 ) and cadmium telluride (CdTe). As a class, these materials tend to lack the extremely high purity characteristic of single-crystal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article provides a detailed account of the concepts and applications of neutron activation analysis (NAA), covering the basic principles and neutron reactions of NAA as well as calibration methods used for NAA. The discussion also covers the factors pertinent to analytical...