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geometric irregularities

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that must be defined and controlled. The first concerns the geometric irregularities of the surface, and the second concerns the metallurgical alterations of the surface and the surface layer. This second aspect has been termed surface integrity. Both surface finish and surface integrity must be defined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... may be less apparent or subtle. The geometric irregularities of the surface finish and the microstructural alterations of the surface layer caused by the machining process may be quantified and controlled for making quality parts and preventing failures in service. Practices adopted to detect...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... associated with metal removal practices of traditional and nontraditional machining operations, as well as their effect on the static mechanical properties of materials, are reviewed. Finally, the article provides guidelines for material removal, postprocessing, and inspection. geometric irregularities...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... provide intermediate green strength. Oxide-reduced powders are of irregular particle shape and possess internal particle porosity. Such powders give maximum control over green strength. Green strength increases with increasing particle porosity and with decreasing particle pore size. Other geometric...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
.... The article describes the aluminum-silicon eutectic system and the lead-tin eutectic system. It discusses eutectic morphologies in terms of lamellar and fibrous eutectics, regular and irregular eutectics, and the interpretation of eutectic microstructures. The article examines the solidification of a binary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
..., irrespective of their geometric shape, crack growth at locations of high K occur to move the shape to equilibrium. Although crack growth is dictated by the requirement to maintain equilibrium shape, in practice, surface cracks often maintain irregular shapes due to nonuniformity in structural stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... is to achieve geometrically precise components or surfaces of controlled texture or surface finish. Honing Honing is a low-velocity abrading process that uses bonded abrasive sticks to remove stock from metallic and nonmetallic surfaces. As one of the last operations performed on the surface of a part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04F.a0007011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
.... The presence of geometrical irregularities such as blind holes, intersecting holes, sharp corners, and crevices emphasizes this concern. As expected, aqueous salts and aqueous caustic solutions raise environmental concerns because they are not friendly for disposal, and they also have special requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... quantitative geometrical methods for characterizing nonplanar fracture surfaces. Prominent techniques for studying fracture surfaces are based on the projected images, stereoscopic viewing, and sectioning. The article provides information on various roughness and materials-related parameters for profiles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... structures upon quenching ( Ref 23 ). The complexity of the EMF distribution in the areas where geometrical irregularities are present requires a specific coil design and appropriate process recipe addressing the possibility of having the surplus of induced power in the better coupled regions (e.g...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... consists of two families of pixels having the values of 0 (black) and 1 (white), respectively. In these images, one can count objects and measure their geometrical characteristics, such as section area, perimeter, and projection length. So, binary images are the final step of image processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
...-element models) is highlighted with respect to recrystallization simulations and, in particular, multiphenomena models. The evolution of the field from regular to irregular CA and future outlooks are also addressed. The Cellular Automaton Method Cellular automata operate at mesoscopic length scales...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... to highlight surface cracks Visible and fluorescent dyes Magnetic particle Magnetic field induced in sample; irregularities in field highlighted by magnetic particles on surface Wet and dry magnetic particles Eddy-current Alternating electric current induces a magnetic field, causing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... to be competitive in an extremely sophisticated market place. For the design of a wooden chair, although not as important, the CAD system still delivers huge benefits to the designer or engineer who is proficient with a high-end CAD tool. Solid modeling is the term that describes three-dimensional (3-D) geometric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006886
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... scanning can lead to low-density parts, while multiple scanning attempts can introduce geometrical irregularities. The second approach is commonly used for high-melting-temperature materials, such as metals and ceramics; this method is usually referred to as indirect SLS (iSLS), and the feedstock...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... rates as the irregular particles themselves. Various methods of particle size analysis provide identical or similar analysis results for spherically shaped particles only. Typically, the various principles used to measure particle size respond differently to changes in particle shape. Very different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... or nearly straight lines when plotted cumulatively on log-probability paper, as shown in the top image of Fig. 2 . Two numbers— d m , median mass diameter, and σ g , geometric standard deviation—define the entire size distribution, as shown in the bottom image of. The geometric standard deviation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... be stacked behind each other in thick sections, and also to avoid “ghostlike” images due to lack of refractive material in the thin sections. The thickness of the thin section may be determined geometrically, as indicated in Fig. 1 , if problems develop with the analysis. Fig. 1 Schematic of a method...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the microstructural features and failure mechanisms that govern the material fracture. The objective of quantitative fractography is to describe the geometric attributes of the topographic and microstructural features present in the fracture surface in quantitative terms, such as number, size, length, area, spacing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of material degradation between electrodes Not suitable for scanning due to irregular contact resistance with surface High sensitivity to small resistance change. Suitable for online monitoring Mostly metals but limited use for concretes and composites Barkhausen noise Changes in magnetic flux from...