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gasification plants

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 1 Coal-gasification combined-cycle CGCC power plant. HRSG, heat recovery steam generator. Acid gas removal uses MDEA, methyldiethanolamine Fig. 2 Corrosion of low-alloy steels in syngas environments. Plant data are compared to laboratory data for various hydrogen sulfide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... mode, fracture toughness, sulfidation corrosion failure, and interdendritic attack of gas sampling line couplings of coal-gasification pilot plants of these superalloys. couplings fractograph fracture modes fracture toughness iron-base alloys neutron irradiation effect sulfidation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...., wood, straw, or fast-growing energy crops), and each has its own issues, generally in the form of corrosion and/or erosion of the heat-exchanging surfaces by the combustion products ( Ref 9 ). Corrosion issues in biomass gasification plants that are used to fire gas turbines are similar to those...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Solid Impact , University of Cambridge , 1979 , p 43–1 to 43-14 29. Danyluk S. , Shack W.J. , Park J.Y. , and Mamoun M.M. , Solid Particle Erosion of a Cyclone from a Coal Gasification Pilot Plant , Wear of Material 1981 , American Society of Mechanical Engineers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., is a major resource. Agricultural wastes are also important, and there are now plants and trees that are being specifically grown for fuel use. Various wastes, such as industrial wastes and municipal solid wastes (MSWs), are increasingly being used as fuels. These fuels also contain impurities of one kind...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , Proc. Fifth Int. Conf. Erosion by Liquid and Solid Impact , University of Cambridge , 1979 , p 43-1 to 43-14 28. Danyluk S. , Shack W.J. , Park J.Y. , and Mamoun M.M. , Solid Particle Erosion of a Cyclone from a Coal Gasification Pilot Plant , Wear of Material 1981...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...-in.) diam Schedule 140 pipe was used in a coal-gasification pilot plant to transport product gas from the gasifier at a temperature of 430 °C (800 °F). The gas line failed by through-wall cracking around 270° of its circumference near a weld joining it to a 2.25Cr-0.5Mo steel tee. During plant shutdowns...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... lead to situations where inappropriate applications are chosen for recycled materials. No commercial plant in the United States is currently hydrolyzing PET, because it has been difficult to achieve a consistent-quality TPA in high yields at favorable economics. However, a neutral hydrolysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Worn wire screen in minerals processing plant showing effects of sliding wear in moist environment Fig. 4 Comparison of slurry wear for the flow-through and recycled slurry systems using a low-alloy steel in a 2% silica sand slurry. Source: Ref 13 Fig. 6 Relationship between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... , 1986 , p 204 – 229 159. Bakker W. , Materials Performance in Coal Gasification Plants , Corrosion-Erosion-Wear of Materials at Elevated Temperatures , 1986 , p 27 – 43 160. Hutchings I. , Little J. , and Ninham A. , Low Velocity Erosion-Corrosion of Steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., in Fig. 16 and 17 . Alloys 28 (N08028) and 31 (N08031) are austenitic stainless steels containing 27 wt% Cr and moderate molybdenum contents (3.5 and 6.5 wt%, respectively). From these data, it is evident that: The 42 wt% acid from this Florida plant is more corrosive than the 54 wt% acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...-Assessment Technology for Power-Plant Components , JOM , Vol 44 ( No. 2 ), 1992 , p 34 – 42 10.1007/BF03222769 87. Neubauer B. and Wedel U. , Restlife Estimation of Creeping Components by Means of Replicas , Advances in Life Prediction Methods , ASME , 1983 , p 307 – 314 88...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... by cold work. Nickel and nickel alloys are used for a wide variety of applications, the majority of which involve corrosion resistance and/or heat resistance. Some of these include components used in the chemical and petrochemical industries, pollution control equipment, coal gasification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... The abrasives are not constrained by another solid, as distinguished from grinding, which is form of three-body wear. Slurry Handling Sliding Wear Crushing and Grinding High-Temperature Processes Power-Generation Plants As noted previously, slurry particles striking a material is a form...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... with moderate ductility (1–5%) and moderate oxidation resistance ( Ref 41 , 42 ). Some of the iron aluminide alloys have exhibited exceptional sulfidation resistance in recuperator environments from coal gasification plants and are also a low-cost alternative to nickel-base candidates. Various titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of stress is well recognized ( Ref 2 , 3 , 4 ). There are generally three types of stress that have to be considered: In distillation and gasification processes, high amounts of sulfur may be present in the form of H 2 S, while, at the same time, the oxygen partial pressures are extremely low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., blades, vanes, burner cans, afterburners, thrust reversers ( Ref 9 , 10 , and 12 ) Steam turbine power plants: bolts, blades, stack gas reheaters ( Ref 16 ) Reciprocating engines: turbochargers, exhaust valves, hot plugs, valve seat inserts Metal processing: hot-work tools and dies ( Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... applications, such as power plants (coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear), pulp and paper mills, petrochemical and chemical industries, land-based gas turbine and diesel engines, gas turbine engines for aircraft, marine gas turbine engines for shipboard use, waste incineration, high-temperature fuel cells...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... hardfacing alloys possess the necessary corrosion resistance in such aqueous media. As a result, nickel- or cobalt-base hardfacing alloys generally are recommended when corrosion resistance combined with wear resistance is required. For example, a knife used to cut tomatoes in a food processing plant can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... of corrosion resistance and wear resistance is required. For example, knives used to cut tomatoes in a food processing plant will last many times longer if their edges are made of a cobalt-base alloy rather than tool steel. Oxidation and hot corrosion resistance of iron-base alloys is also generally poor...