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gaseous lubricants

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes, and solid lubricants along with their subtypes. It discusses the factors considered during the selection of cutting fluid, focusing on machinability (or grindability) of the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Additives for plastics and elastomers are used to increase the ease of processing and to improve the properties of the final product. Additives improve processing characteristics by increasing lubricity and by stabilizing the polymer. Additives that improve properties include those...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of material loss or displacement from one or both of two solid surfaces in relative motion, is an example of the latter case ( Ref 11 , 12 ). Lubrication reduces friction and wear between surfaces in relative motion by the application of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (lubricant) ( Ref 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003999
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... lubricants used in nickel-base alloys forging. It describes two major forging processing categories for nickel-base alloys: primary working and secondary working categories. Primary working involves the deformation processing and conversion of cast ingot or similar bulk material into a controlled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... affecting forgeability. It describes the forging techniques, equipment, and common processing elements associated with titanium alloy forging. The processing elements include the preparation of forging stock, preheating of the stock, die heating, lubrication, forging process, trimming and repair, cleaning...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... possible to their final shape. The article also provides useful information on drying methods, shrinkage, and defects as well as the removal of organic processing aids such as dispersants, binders, plasticizers, and lubricants. ceramic forming process drying green machining organics removal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... effectiveness of lubricant Seals and filters could have failed Fretting induced by slight looseness in clamped joints subject to vibration Bearing and materials engineering design can reduce or eliminate problem Water contamination High velocities and uneven flow distribution, cavitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... austenite on cooling ARE activated reactive evaporation ARIP activated reactive ion plating ARP Aerospace Recommended Practice ASLE American Society of Lubrication Engineers (former name of STLE) ASM American Society for Metals (now ASM International) ASME American...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... industry dates back to the 1920s, when commercial porous bronze bearings were developed independently in the research laboratories of General Motors Corp. and Bound-Brook Oilless Bearing Co. These self-lubricating bearings still account for the major portion of P/M copper and copper alloy applications...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... between a film and substrate (for example, silver on steel for mirrors, silver on beryllium for diffusion bonding) ( Ref 65 ) Electrical conductive layers (aluminum, silver, and gold) on plastics and semiconductors Low-shear solid film lubricants (for example, silver and gold) ( Ref 107 ) Wear...
Book Chapter

By David V. Neff
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... significance in primary copper through the smelting of sulfide ores and in the remelting of mill product scrap containing sulfur-bearing lubricants. Sulfur dioxide is the most probable gaseous product. Foundry alloys and foundry processing usually do not experience sulfur-related problems unless high-sulfur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...-dependent phenomenon that primarily depends on the four components of the system: die, interface, workpiece, and processing conditions. The effect of these four components can be categorized into many process-related considerations, including die design, die material, heat treatment, lubrication, surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... D99 Iron powder (atomized) 36.2 88.4 177.8 254.7 Iron powder (CO-reduced) 38.9 97.6 161.4 219.0 Copper powder (atomized) 21.8 51.9 102.4 152.1 Natural graphite powder 3.2 8.4 17.6 28.4 Ethylene bis stearamide wax (lubricant) powder 1.6 7.5 23.4 40.9 Manganese...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., oxygen-rich metallic case beneath the scale in order to avoid cracking during subsequent working operations. Heavy grease, oil, and black lubricant coatings resulting from cold working are removed by alkaline or caustic soaking, followed by acid pickling. To remove soil or light oil from a metal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... plastic molding operations Carving or decorative etching of glass, porcelain, wood, or natural stone such as granite or marble All pigmented drawing lubricants are difficult to remove from metal parts. Consequently, many plants review all aspects of press forming operations to avoid the use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Stray-Current Corrosion 214 Waterline Evaluating Uniform Corrosion 543 High-temperature corrosion Molten salts; glasses Molten Salt Corrosion 216 Liquid metals Liquid Metal Corrosion 220 High-temperature gaseous corrosion High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion 228...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... apparatus. Pack material composed of 3 wt% Cr, 11 wt% Si, 0.25 wt% NH 4 I, and balance, Al 2 O 3 Chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) refers to the particular CVD process in which gaseous reactants infiltrate a porous structure, such as an inorganic open foam or a fiber array. Deposition occurs on the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-element bearings, are applicable when: Maximum temperatures are of the order of 120 to 150 °C (250 to 300 °F), although brief excursions to 175 °C (350 °F) may be tolerated. Minimum ambient temperatures are about −50 °C (−60 °F). The contact surfaces are lubricated with such materials as oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... greater than 10 17 ions/cm 2 some degree of surface roughening may occur due to sputtering effects. The accumulation of insoluble implanted gaseous species may also cause surface blistering. However, from a practical engineering perspective it is normally accurate to portray implantation as a process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., deposition rate, gaseous contamination, and concurrent energetic particle bombardment (flux, particle mass, energy) Details of film growth on the substrate surface —e.g., substrate temperature, nucleation, interface formation, interfacial flaw generation, energy input to the growing film, surface...