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gaseous fluids

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes, and solid lubricants along with their subtypes. It discusses the factors considered during the selection of cutting fluid, focusing on machinability (or grindability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Steel storage tanks are the primary means for storing large volumes of liquids and gaseous products. The stored fluid could be water, but it could also be volatile, corrosive, and flammable fluid requiring special precautions for storage as well. Corrosion is generally worst where...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... The article details the classifications of lubrication regimes, namely, boundary, mixed, hydrodynamic, and elastohydrodynamic lubrications. It discusses the various types of lubricant materials and additives, including liquid lubricants, solid lubricants, gaseous lubricants, greases, green lubricants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... entrained gasification at elevated temperatures, with the incombustible fraction forming a slag that is water-quenched in the bottom of the gasifier to allow easy removal by lock-hoppers. The high-temperature gas product is cooled using a heat exchanger within the gasifier, and the gaseous impurities...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... titanium alloy UNALLOYED TITANIUM is highly resistant to corrosion by many natural environments, including seawater, body fluids, and fruit and vegetable juices. Titanium is used extensively for handling salt solutions (including chlorides, hypochlorides, sulfates, and sulfides), wet chlorine gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the object to complete immersion in the fluid. The fluid can enter the porous part by capillary action or by using external pressure. As the material continues to be heated, the pitch will begin to solidify through condensation reactions, a process that releases gaseous products. Unless held at high pressure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... dissolved. Many corrosion processes occur in liquids in contact with a gaseous phase. The gas (usually the atmosphere in geochemical models) acts to buffer the system chemistry by allowing the fluid to maintain equilibrium with the gas phase. Models of this type are called fixed-fugacity reaction paths...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... electron and laser beams. It considers the elementary physical processes such as heat and fluid flow to introduce the reader to the phenomena that affect melting, coalescence, and solidification needed for a successful microweld. The various forces driving (and resisting) fluid flow are analyzed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... ( Ref 13 ) initiated the third class of models, thermal/fluid flow simulations, by using Darcy's law ( Ref 16 ) rather than analytic solutions for the flow-down cylinders, such as the Hagen Poiseuille equation. Kubo and Pehlke ( Ref 13 ) wrote a computer program to solve a simplified set of transport...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the building of a solid material (usually a coating) from elementary growth units that are transported by gaseous molecules or atoms onto a bulk substrate. Today (2009), VPP are widely used in industry for preparing semiconducting, insulating, or metallic solid films for microelectronic or photovoltaic devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Corrosion 220 High-temperature gaseous corrosion High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion 228 Oxidation High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion (section on High-Temperature Oxidation) 230 Sulfidation High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion (section on Sulfidation) 230 Carburization High...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are explained by the varying characteristics of oil wells and gas wells. Water injection systems and pipelines are also discussed. The article describes the factors that influence the corrosivity of produced fluids and the various treatments applicable for oil, gas, and pumping wells. It examines the primary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... with lead oxide and stainless steel ( Ref 2 ). The specific effect that milling has on a powder depends on the physical and chemical properties of the powder; the vacuum, gaseous, or liquid environment in which the operation is conducted; and the milling conditions. Selection of the milling process is based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... . The initially oxygen-free geologic environment may be altered by a variety of oxygen-contaminated fluids that can be introduced. Examples are drilling fluids (often referred to as “muds”), which are used during drilling and maintenance of wells. These can include high-density clear brines such as calcium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... will proceed. The article describes the diffusion process that plays a key role in oxidation and other gaseous reactions with metals. It discusses the development of stress in oxide layers. The article presents the sample preparation methods for high-temperature testing, and expounds the measurement methods...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of steels). The two primary objectives are to minimize heat losses and to prevent various fluids and solids from coming in direct contact with the outer skin (again, most of the time, made of steels). Unlike thin organic linings and coatings, refractory linings may consist of one or many times two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... particles, and abrupt changes in direction of the fluid. These conditions can lead to segregation and concentration of the eroding particles. Examples of such rapid erosion are shown in Fig. 4 , 5 , 6 . Fig. 4 Hardfaced stainless steel plug and seat, from a slurry flow control valve, that were...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... a material. Plasma torches produce heat from an electrical current that passes through a partially ionized gas (or plasma). The plasma is generated by the phenomenon known as gaseous discharge, whereby a gas is ionized by electrical breakdown. The electrical breakdown of the gas can be accomplished...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Fig. 1 Various sliding bearings. (a) Slide way. (b) Thrust bearing. (c) Cylindrical sliding bearing. (d) Spherical sliding bearing The various configurations of sliding bearings are shown in Fig. 2 . This figure indicates that conformal surfaces, lubricant (solid/liquid/gaseous) layer...