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gaseous fluids

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of higher cutting speeds, higher feed rates, and greater depths of cut. After listing the functions of cutting fluids, this article then covers the major types, characteristics, advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... resistivity calculation (in text). This resistivity is the average resistivity of a hemisphere of radius (a). Source: Ref 15 Abstract Abstract Steel storage tanks are the primary means for storing large volumes of liquids and gaseous products. The stored fluid could be water, but it could also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... the coefficient of friction. The article details the classifications of lubrication regimes, namely, boundary, mixed, hydrodynamic, and elastohydrodynamic lubrications. It discusses the various types of lubricant materials and additives, including liquid lubricants, solid lubricants, gaseous lubricants, greases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and the gaseous impurities containing sulfur and chlorine are removed from the product stream. The initial product gas may contain hydrogen and carbon monoxide, but this can be shifted to methane to produce a synthetic natural gas. Gasification of the alternative fuels is also possible, with the aim of producing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... at points (“w,” “e,” “n,” “s”). Control volumes for the x (dark gray) and y (medium gray) components of fluid velocity are staggered. Fig. 10 Structure of a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reactor simulation. PDE, partial differential equation Fig. 11 Effect of the inlet flow rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... ( Ref 13 ) initiated the third class of models, thermal/fluid flow simulations, by using Darcy's law ( Ref 16 ) rather than analytic solutions for the flow-down cylinders, such as the Hagen Poiseuille equation. Kubo and Pehlke ( Ref 13 ) wrote a computer program to solve a simplified set of transport...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... the viscosity coefficient scales with density and is thus several orders of magnitude smaller when viscous force due to a gaseous fluid is calculated, all other factors being constant.) This simple linear equation describes so-called Newtonian flow; other types of flow will raise the differential term...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Corrosion 220 High-temperature gaseous corrosion High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion 228 Oxidation High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion (section on High-Temperature Oxidation) 230 Sulfidation High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion (section on Sulfidation) 230 Carburization High...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... condensation reactions, a process that releases gaseous products. Unless held at high pressure, these gaseous products tend to cause the pitch fluid to foam, displacing pitch from the preform. Prior to reaching the foaming reaction, the pitch material can be exposed to an oxidizing environment at an elevated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Zircon-Zirconia and Silicon Carbide Refractories Technical Ceramics Corrosion by Molten Salts Strategies for Analysis and Prevention of Failures Material Selection Factors Governing Penetration Composition Adjustment of the Penetrant Fluid Changing the Wetting Characteristics...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... titanium titanium alloy UNALLOYED TITANIUM is highly resistant to corrosion by many natural environments, including seawater, body fluids, and fruit and vegetable juices. Titanium is used extensively for handling salt solutions (including chlorides, hypochlorides, sulfates, and sulfides), wet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... tension, a reduction in surface tension results in the use of shorter milling times and/or finer powders. Corrosion reactions between the metal and grinding fluid or environment in reactive grinding also facilitate comminution. The greater the corrosion resistance of a metal, the less effective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of minerals is very small, so the fluid is likely to reach saturation after only a small amount of mineral has dissolved. Many corrosion processes occur in liquids in contact with a gaseous phase. The gas (usually the atmosphere in geochemical models) acts to buffer the system chemistry by allowing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., it is broken up into droplets and sprayed as a jet. The droplets are quenched by the gaseous atmosphere in the chamber to solidify as powder particles. These particles, together with a substantial volume of cooling air, are then drawn through a chiller chamber into the collection system consisting of two sets...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in making connections to an aluminum alloy 2024-T431 valve body produced excessive stress in the threads and resulted in failure of the valve body by SCC in a service environment of hydraulic fluid that contained small amounts of moisture and chloride. Similarly, stresses on tapered threads on a cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...-lined incinerators and alloy-lined incinerators are discussed. The article provides case studies for each component failure. References References 1. Shifler D.A. , High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion Testing , Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Vol 13a , ASM Handbook...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... & Francis Group, LLC , 2006 5. Fainshmidt E.M. , Theory and Practice of Fluidized Bed Heat Treatment of Parts Fabricated from Metals and Alloys , Met. Sci. Heat Treat. , Vol 47 ( No. 3–4 ), 2005 , p 83 – 96 10.1007/s11041-005-0035-1 6. Botterill J.S.M. , Fluid-Bed Heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005977
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... lattice while keeping distortion to a minimum. A fluidized-bed reactor is a complex dispersed system usually composed of a granular solid phase (sand or alumina, depending on the operating temperature) and a gaseous fluid that provides the fluidization of the solid phase. The solid granular material...