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gaseous fluids

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., advantages and limitations of cutting and grinding fluids, such as cutting oils, water-miscible fluids, gaseous fluids, pastes, and solid lubricants along with their subtypes. It discusses the factors considered during the selection of cutting fluid, focusing on machinability (or grindability) of the...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract No-bake sand molds are based on curing of inorganic or organic binders with either gaseous catalysts or liquid catalysts. This article reviews the major aspects of no-bake sand bonding in terms of coremaking, molding methods, and sand processing. It discusses the points to be noted in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., separators, and flotation devices that are used for particle size reduction, separation of particles according to their settling rates in fluids and dewatering of concentrate particles. It explains the basic principles, flow diagrams, ore concentrate preparation methods, and equipment of major types of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Metal surfaces must often be cleaned before subsequent operations to remove unwanted substances such as pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips and cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale, and miscellaneous contaminants. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article describes the four major conditions that can cause beryllium to corrode in air. These include beryllium carbide particles exposed at the surface; surface contaminated with halide, sulfate, or nitrate ions; surface contaminated with other electrolyte fluids; and atmosphere...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... article provides a discussion on the mechanism of corrosion resistance and on the behavior of tantalum in different corrosive environments, namely, acids; salts; organic compounds; reagents, foods, and pharmaceuticals; body fluids and tissues; and gases. It contains several tables that summarize the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... titanium alloy UNALLOYED TITANIUM is highly resistant to corrosion by many natural environments, including seawater, body fluids, and fruit and vegetable juices. Titanium is used extensively for handling salt solutions (including chlorides, hypochlorides, sulfates, and sulfides), wet chlorine gas, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Stray-Current Corrosion 214 Waterline Evaluating Uniform Corrosion 543 High-temperature corrosion Molten salts; glasses Molten Salt Corrosion 216 Liquid metals Liquid Metal Corrosion 220 High-temperature gaseous corrosion High-Temperature Gaseous Corrosion 228...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... building of a solid material (usually a coating) from elementary growth units that are transported by gaseous molecules or atoms onto a bulk substrate. Today (2009), VPP are widely used in industry for preparing semiconducting, insulating, or metallic solid films for microelectronic or photovoltaic devices...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is used to melt a material. Plasma torches produce heat from an electrical current that passes through a partially ionized gas (or plasma). The plasma is generated by the phenomenon known as gaseous discharge, whereby a gas is ionized by electrical breakdown. The electrical breakdown of the gas can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... temperatures required to accomplish these processes, the first ionization potential of many elements results in gaseous ion formation. Fig. 1 Fundamental processes occurring within atomizers for atomic absorption measurements Therefore, while the first three processes are required for AAS...
Book Chapter

By David V. Neff
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., which is not always available. Therefore, additional degassing measures are often needed. The basic principle of practical foundry degassing is that any gaseous component has the ability of collecting hydrogen gas, since all gases are insoluble in aluminum, with the exception of hydrogen, which exists...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... into tube, seam welding, and then forming. Continuous pressurization with gaseous hydrogen at 172 kPa (25 psi) induced hydrogen embrittlement at roots of bellows convolutes, regions where residual stresses from forming were at a maximum. Fig. 634 and 635 : Bellows assembly and hydrogen-induced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... microelectronic circuits in which metallizations, such as aluminum, are deposited on silicon or silicon oxide. In these cases, the metal films are separated from the substrate by exposure to a stream of fluorine in an inert carrier gas. The silicon is removed in the form of gaseous silicon tetrafluoride, while...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials at.% atomic percent atm atmospheres (pressure) AWS American Welding Society B bainite B gaseous reaction product bal balance BARE biased activated reactive evaporation bcc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., desorption and adsorption of gases, moisture and other volatile substances, loss of water or crystallization Oxidation of metals in air or oxygen Oxidative decomposition of organic substances in air or oxygen Thermal decomposition in an inert atmosphere with the formation of gaseous products...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... occur) The mechanical field (which changes with time as displacements within the part occur) Because the quench medium is either liquid or gaseous, the fluid dynamics field within the quenchant becomes important in defining the heat extracted as the process progresses. In the figure, the causes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... coated alloys at high temperatures is often difficult because of the extreme range of composition of the corrosive gaseous and/or fluid environments. Moreover, corrosion predictions are further complicated, because materials have inhomogeneous processing-derived features such as precipitates and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... section “Design of Sealing Systems” in this article shows how these properties are combined with application requirements and mechanical designs of the joint to produce an optimum sealing system. Sealants are unique materials used to separate liquid or gaseous phases. They are generally...