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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract High-temperature exposure of materials occurs in many applications such as power plants (coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear), land-based gas turbine and diesel engines, gas turbine engines for aircraft, marine gas turbine engines for shipboard use, waste incineration, high-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... impossible to manufacture effective gas turbine engines without protective coatings applied in different zones. Among the most critical zones of a gas turbine engine are the hot zones, which typically include blades, vanes, combustion chambers, and exit nozzles. These parts applied on hot zones are coated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... failures, molten salts for energy storage, and degradation and failures in gas turbines. The article describes the effects of environment on aero gas turbine engines and provides an overview of aging, diffusion, and interdiffusion phenomena. It also discusses the processes involved in high-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... turbine installations ranges anywhere from 1MW (micro turbines) to greater than 400MW for industrial gas turbines and from 10MW to 1000MW for steam turbines. Industrial gas and steam turbines are typically much larger than aircraft engines in size and in weight of the components, and present a different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of superalloys and airfoil degradation due to deposits resulting from ingested particles or sand. The article concludes with a discussion on the limitations of testing techniques and life prediction. airfoil degradation ceramics corrosion resistance gas turbine engine oxidation oxidation...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003170
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., steering and suspension components, etc.), prosthetics, and gas turbine engine hardware. This introduction explains the steps involved in making a casting using a simplified flow diagram, and discusses the ferrous and nonferrous alloys used for metal casting. casting alloys ferrous alloys metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... article presents a list of several superalloys that have been used in gas turbine engines or that are emerging as replacements because of the promise of increased operating temperatures and higher efficiencies for the aircraft of the future. It concentrates on the objectives, results, and methodology of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Titanium and its alloys are used in various applications owing to its high strength, stiffness, good toughness, low density, and good corrosion resistance. This article discusses the applications of titanium and titanium alloys in gas turbine engine components, aerospace pressure...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., precautions in use, and general corrosion behavior of each. The applications of titanium alloys include aerospace, gas turbine engines and prostheses. Further, the article graphically presents a comparative study of fatigue, creep and tensile properties of various titanium alloys. aerospace applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... airfoils. Design requirements are reviewed and compared between aerospace and power generation coatings. Application process improvement areas are also discussed as a method of reducing component cost. aerospace engines combustors gas turbines high-power turbine blades high-pressure compressors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract The corrosion issues in the compressor, combustor and turbine sections of industrial gas turbines used in steam production generally depend on the quality of the fuel, air, and water used in the engine than on the specific industrial application. This article focuses on the forms of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract This article summarizes the terminology for gas reactions, and discusses low-temperature nitriding and nitrocarburizing of stainless steels. It describes the various nitriding processes, namely, high- and low-pressure nitriding, oxynitriding, sulfonitriding, oxysulfonitriding, ferritic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the various damage mechanisms are scarce. Because operating temperatures range from ambient to above 1205 °C (2200 °F), gas turbine engine components are made of a variety of metals. Steels and titanium alloys are used for the relatively cool components, such as those in the fan and low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... wind turbine gearboxes surface roughness elastohydrodynamic lubrication BECAUSE GEARS are common machine components, they can be taken for granted. It is not generally appreciated that they are complex systems, and successful design requires knowledge from all engineering disciplines. Gear design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... welding process window The NI-139 compound is used in the aerospace industries for welding nickel-base alloys. One example is in turbine engine manufacture for nonrotating components ( Fig. 7 ). Fig. 7 Turbine rear frame in alloy 718 fabricated using DeepTIG. Courtesy of the Edison Welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... oxygen permeation barriers for packaging materials (for example, aluminum and SiO 1.8 on polymer webs) Corrosion resistance (for example, aluminum on steel) Insulating layers for microelectronics ( Ref 113 ) Coating of engine turbine blades (M-CrAl alloys) ( Ref 19 , 114 , 115 ) Avoiding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... PABs may be found in: Read and write heads on computer disc drives Optical scanners Mechanical gyroscopes Mechanical seals used in the oil and gas industry The CABs may be found in various types of turbomachinery: Small, miniature and micro gas turbines Aircraft cabin air...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... for evaluation of subsequent geometric configurations and environmental conditions. Fig. 7 Ceramic component probabilistic design methodology Figure 8 depicts the general arrangement of the scroll assembly for gas turbine engines. The basis for establishing design acceptability was three...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes the widespread use of diffusion coatings for elevated-temperature protection of the turbine components for aircraft engines and gas turbines. The principles of pack diffusion coating, namely, aluminizing, chromizing, and siliconizing, are discussed. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... nickel-base superalloy (CMSX-2) developed for gas turbine engine applications. Composition: 4.6% Co, 8.0% Cr, 0.6% Mo, 7.9% W, 5.6% Al, 0.9% Ti, 5.8% Ta, <0.1% Hf, 0.01% Zr, 0.005% C, remainder Ni. Heat-treated notched samples were stress relieved and then tensile tested in either helium (control...