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gas flame

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Common GC detectors are the thermal conductivity cell detector, flame ionization detector, electron capture detector, sulfur chemiluminescence detector, and nitrogen-phosphorus detector. gas chromatography detectors gas chromatography CHROMATOGRAPHY is about separating (often...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Volume, “Gas Chromatography,” discusses GC fundamentals as well as common GC detectors: the flame ionization detector, thermal conductivity cell detector, electron capture detector, and sulfur chemiluminescence detector. The mass spectrometer is another common GC detector and requires a detailed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., and effluent (active plasma flame), interferences were avoided by turning off the plasma jet at separation distances less than 10.5 mm. Several factors had to be considered to obtain accurate, reliable analysis of ambient air species in the active plasma region of the atmospheric-pressure plasma...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-feed rod guns, are used in combustion flame spraying. A typical gravity-feed powder spray installation consists of a fuel gas-control unit, including regulators, to provide a supply of oxygen and acetylene or hydrogen fuel gas; a meter for accurate measurement of aspirating gas flow; and a spray gun...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... that decrease static charge development and microbial activity and those that improve flame retardation characteristics, color, light stability, impact resistance, density and mechanical properties. This article focuses on the additives for polymers and elastomers that are used for improving processing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... impingement of a high-temperature flame or high-velocity combustion product gases. The part is then cooled at a rate that will produce the desired levels of hardness and other properties. The high-temperature flame is obtained by combustion of a mixture of fuel gas with oxygen or air; flame heads are used for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Spray Coatings” in Metals Handbook , 9th ed., Vol 5. In particular, the sections on flame spray, flame spray and fuse, and electric wire-arc spray, as well as several of the figures, were substantially adapted from the earlier edition. Flame spray uses combustible gas as a heat source to melt the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... subsequent injection of those droplets into a flame. Early efforts used a direct-injection nebulizer-burner configuration in which the solution aerosol was generated by using the oxidant gas immediately prior to the flame. While this enabled quantitative introduction of the sample solution to a high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the various techniques for removing contaminants in the surface preparation of steel for hot-dip coatings: wet cleaning methods, including alkaline cleaning, electrolytic cleaning, chemical pickling, and electrolytic pickling; flame cleaning and furnace...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... deoxidation gas solubility induction furnaces fluxing metal refining grain refining filtration copper casting alloys open-flame furnaces ALL COPPER ALLOYS can be successfully cast in sand. Sand casting allows the greatest flexibility in casting size and shape and is the most economical casting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... mixing of air with combustible gases. Noncombustible gases dilute the combustible gas/oxygen mixture, and reduce the temperature of the flame ( Ref 6 ). Combustion begins when combustible gases ignite in the presence of sufficient oxygen or oxidizing agent. Ignition is affected by the temperature and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Molten salt baths are anhydrous, fused chemical baths used at elevated temperatures for a variety of industrial cleaning applications. This article discusses their applications in paint stripping, polymer removal, casting cleaning, glass removal, and plasma/flame spray removal. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... implantation and laser surface processing. Surface hardening techniques, namely, nitriding, carburizing, boriding, and flame hardening, performed to improve the resistance of stainless steel alloys are also reviewed. acid cleaning acid descaling alkaline cleaning boriding buffing carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... determine gas pressure, vacuum level, gas flow, and gas composition. It focuses on their measuring quenchant characteristics, including bulk temperature, viscosity, composition, and cooling efficiency. The article describes the procedures for detecting variability in the incoming product. It presents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract High-temperature corrosion can occur in numerous environments and is affected by various parameters such as temperature, alloy and protective coating compositions, stress, time, and gas composition. This article discusses the primary mechanisms of high-temperature corrosion, namely...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... control of the required fuel/air ratio is simpler with gases than with other forms of fuel. The maximum temperature that can be achieved in a gas-fired furnace is controlled by thermodynamics and heat transfer. The first is quantified by the adiabatic flame temperature ( Table 2 ) that is calculated by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... atmosphere within the furnace. However, there are circumstances where curtains are ineffective, especially when large parts are frequently entering and leaving the furnace. In this case, blanketing the furnace doors with an inert gas flow or flame screen can reduce or eliminate air entering the furnace. In...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... material, known as the core. Case hardening processes include carburizing, nitriding, carbonitriding, cyaniding, and induction and flame hardening. In every instance, case hardening affects chemical composition or mechanical properties, or both. An accurate and repeatable method of measuring case depth...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... handling sand-resin mixtures for no-bake molds or cones and lists some advantages of no-bake air-set cores and molds. The article describes the process procedures, advantages, and disadvantages of gas curing and air-setting hardening of sodium silicates. It discusses the members of the air-setting organic...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... it is not cost-effective. In oxidation-reduction, the first step is to remove the hydrogen by oxidation using an oxidizing slag or oxygen-rich copper. This involves increasing the activity of oxygen in the melt by melting it under an oxidizing flame or covering it when molten with an oxidizing flux...