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galvanic series chart

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Fig. 1 Galvanic series for seawater. Dark boxes indicate active behavior of active-passive alloys. Applicable to flowing seawater 2.4–4.0 m/s (8–13 ft/s), 10–27 °C (50–80 °F) Abstract Abstract This article contains a galvanic series chart that shows the electrochemical voltage ranges...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., as would be expected from looking at a galvanic series chart. However, a normal outdoor environment is not as aggressive and an oxide coating forms on the aluminum surface. This oxide coating changes the aluminum from an anode to a cathode with respect to steel, and rusting begins at defects or voids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Electrochemical corrosion testing techniques Table 1 Electrochemical corrosion testing techniques Category Test method No applied signal Open circuit or corrosion potential Dissimilar metal corrosion (galvanic corrosion) Electrochemical noise analysis Small-signal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... is indicated by the presence of a series of macroscopic crescents, called beach marks, progressing from the origin of the crack. Determination of Fracture Type Several analytical procedures are available to distinguish among the various types of fracture. For example, the presence or absence...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...; the cross section is reduced to where it can no longer support the maximum applied load, and fast fracture ensues. Frequently, the progress of a service-induced fatigue crack is indicated by the presence of a series of macroscopic crescents, called beach marks, progressing from the origin of the crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... A galvanic series appropriate to the environment can be consulted, and all efforts should be made by the design engineer to use materials combinations that do not cause galvanic corrosion. See the compatibility chart based on MIL-F-14072D in the article “Corrosion in Microelectronics” (Table 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... structures including wing leading and trailing edge cavities, nose and main landing gear cavities, and nonpressurized fuselage tail section. Nowhere is the risk of corrosion greater than with assemblies involving CFRP and aluminum, materials at opposite poles of the galvanic chart ( Fig. 3 ). Graphite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... 100, and electrochemical noise measurements. The visual examination, metallographic examination, and nondestructive inspection of pits are discussed. The article reviews the procedures for the use of standard charts, metal penetration, statistical analysis, and loss in mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on the processes involved in RCA and the charting methods that may be useful in RCA and ends with a description of various factors associated with failure prevention. corrosion distortion failure prevention fracture quality assurance root cause analysis wear MACHINES, COMPONENTS, and the materials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the electrical potential gradient, which causes the current to flow. Galvanic Series Because galvanic corrosion is directly related to the electrical current caused by the natural potential difference or electromotive force (emf) between different metals, it is useful to rank metals according...
Book Chapter

By Allan B. Dove
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... to 0.177 172 25 >4.50 >0.177 138 20 (a) Difference between specified minimum and maximum values Size tolerances of galvanized coarse round wire available in coils Table 3(a) Size tolerances of galvanized coarse round wire available in coils Wire diameter Tolerances...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... The geometry of the circuit elements determines the electrical potential gradient, which causes the current to flow. Galvanic Series Because galvanic corrosion is directly related to the electrical current caused by the natural potential difference or electromotive force between different metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... . Galvanic Corrosion Aluminum and its alloys occupy active positions in the galvanic series and are subject to failure by galvanic attack. In chloride-bearing solutions, aluminum alloys are susceptible to galvanically induced localized corrosion, especially in dissimilar-metal crevices. In this type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... axis and inductive reactance along the other axis. Because each specific condition in the material being inspected may result in a specific coil impedance, each condition may correspond to a particular point on the impedance-plane diagram. For example, if a coil were placed sequentially on a series...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... potential difference between the metals is cited in the specification, above which a couple shall be considered to be dissimilar. However, experienced corrosion engineers know that it is not simply the potential difference on a galvanic series (typically only provided for seawater) that determines whether...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Standard alloy; anodize, penetrating epoxy sealer, 2–3 coats, epoxy chromate primer, 2 coats, lacquer or synthetic enamel 2 or more coats Because of its high position in the electromotive series, magnesium is more susceptible than other common metals to galvanic corrosion. However, galvanic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
.... Continuous coating lines have to be specially modified to make one-side coated product. A typical hot dip galvanized coating produced by the batch process consists of a series of layers ( Fig. 4 ). Starting from the base steel at the bottom of the coating, each successive layer contains a higher...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., namely, design deficiencies, material defects, manufacturing/installation defects, and service life anomalies, with examples. The article describes several common charting methods that may be useful in performing an RCA. It also discusses other failure analysis tools, including review of all sources...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... series for aluminum alloys and other metals. The galvanic relationships indicated by these values have wide applicability because of the similarity of the electrochemical behavior of these metals in the NaCl solution to that in marine and other saline environments. This galvanic series, however...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... with regard to selection for the avoidance of galvanic corrosion. Knowledge of the galvanic series of metals based on the electrochemical potential between a metal and a reference electrode in a given environment is essential. A practical galvanic series for metals and alloys in seawater is given in Table 1...