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galling resistance

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract Boronizing is a case hardening process for metals to improve the wear life and galling resistance of metal surfaces. Boronizing can be carried out using several techniques. This article discusses the powder pack cementation process for carrying out boronizing. It describes...
Image
Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 9 Resistance to galling of Stellite alloy No. 6 (surface ground counterface) versus selected materials. Source: Ref 20 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... as technological modeling tests conducted to allow the transferability of the results to industry and real-world applications ( Ref 74 ). Standardized Galling Tests Over the years, several test methods have been developed to measure and evaluate the resistance of materials to adhesive wear, especially its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... describes in detail the ASTM G 98 button-on-block galling test. The purpose of this test is to rank material couples resistant to galling. Several variations of this test are also discussed that either increase the severity of the test or attempt to quantify the surface damage using profilometry. Data...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., and the punch could be of a material less wear resistant than tool steel, for example, low-cost alloy cast iron. Effect of Sheet Thickness Thick sheets of any metal will exert greater pressure on the dies than thin sheets of the same metal. Therefore, the effect of galling and wear increases as parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
...; Bi 1.8; Al bal 84 Galling-resistant bar and rod, age hardenable ( Alloy Digest, Al-385, Oct 2003) 4032 A94032 AlSi12.5MgCuNi Si 12.2; Cu 0.9; Mg 1; Ni 0.9; Al bal 85 Forgings, age hardenable, with wear resistance 4115 A94115 AlSi2MnMgCu Si 2; Mn 0.9; Cu 0.3; Mg 0.3; Al bal 96 Sheet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...” on a die causes frequent interruptions of production forming for reconditioning of the die. Soft brass and aluminum cause less wear and galling than does carbon steel; stainless steels and heat-resistant alloys cause more wear and galling. When galling is anticipated, it is desirable to use materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... range. They exhibit outstanding resistance to metal-to-metal wear, galling, abrasion, oxidation, and corrosion and are particularly suitable where lubrication is limited or absent. T-400C … bal 14 … 26 0.1 ≤1.5 ≤2.5 2.6 ≤0.5 … T-400C has enhanced oxidation and corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... are stretching sheet metal beyond practical limits, tool fitting with poor alignment or insufficient die clearance for a given sheet thickness, wrinkles, use of galling susceptible tool steel, and rough finish on the tool surface. Die materials to resist galling can be selected on the basis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... selection for a particular wear mode. The corrosion modes include dry sliding, tribocorrosion, erosion, erosion-corrosion, cavitation, dry erosion, erosion-oxidation, galling and fretting. microstructure abrasion adhesive wear austenitic stainless steel corrosion resistance dry sliding duplex...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of microscopic welding at the interface between two mutually soluble metals. Adhesion is a major contributor to sliding resistance (friction) and can cause loss of material at the surface (wear) or surface damage without a loss of material at the surface (e.g., galling or scuffing). Adhesive wear typically...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of microscopic welding at the interface between two mutually soluble metals. Adhesion is a major contributor to sliding resistance (friction) and can cause loss of material at the surface (wear) or surface damage without a loss of material at the surface (e.g., galling or scuffing). Adhesive wear typically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... , and Bergström J. , Influence of Size and Distribution of Hard Phases in Tool Steels on the Early Stage of Galling , Proc. 9th Int. Conf. Tooling , Leoben, Austria , 2012 , p 469 – 476 8. Gåård A. , Galling Resistance for Un-coated and Coated Tool Steels Sliding against High-Strength Carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... drawing, and the typical materials for punches and blank holders. The article describes the typical causes of wear (galling) of deep-drawing tooling. It analyzes the selection of a harder and more wear-resistant material, the application of a surface coating such as chromium plating to the finished tools...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... bond strength during cold welding. For materials such as the cobalt-base wear alloys with a hard phase dispersed throughout a softer matrix, the sliding-wear properties are controlled predominantly by the matrix. Indeed, within the cobalt alloy family, resistance to galling is generally independent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of the subsystems involved. Deploying materials that are resistant to fretting wear, from the perspective of wear protection, and reducing frictional forces, and forming lubricious galling resistant surfaces. Table 3 summarizes the key factors that drive fretting wear. Table 4 discusses materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...–1% B, bal Ni 520–620 Electronic applications, replacement for gold in microelectronic equipment and printed wire circuit boards Production 2–4.5% B, bal Ni 750–800 Aircraft engines, landing gear, valves, and pumps; resistance to galling, fretting, and erosion wear Production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (a) Threshold galling wear Good Moderate/poor Excellent (a) Excellent (a) Good (a) Good (a) Chemical resistance Fair Good Excellent Excellent Good Excellent Coating stripping ability Good More difficult More difficult More difficult Difficult More difficult Fatigue loss...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... tools. Nearly all coatings are multilayer systems that combine TiN for lubricity and galling resistance, Al 2 O 3 for chemical inertness and thermal insulation, and TiC and carbonitride for abrasion resistance. A comparison of coatings for cutting tools is given in Table 3 . Selected wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... at temperatures above approximately 300 °C (570 °F). However, the usual melting and processing techniques keep the metals pure enough for good formability. Some niobium alloys are more resistant to grain growth at high temperature than high-purity niobium. Alloys such as Nb-1Zr and C-103 are dispersion...