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fusible alloys

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Fusible alloys, eutectic and noneutectic, include a group of binary, ternary, quaternary, and quinary alloys containing bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium, and indium that melt at relatively low temperatures. This article describes the composition and mechanical properties of these alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract This article focuses on the use of indium and bismuth in low-melting-temperature solders and fusible alloys. It describes how the two elements typically occur in nature and how they are recovered and processed for commercial use. It also provides information on designations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... It presents a short note on pure (unalloyed) tin and uses of tin in chemicals. The article also covers the compositions and uses of tin alloys which include solders, pewter, bearing alloys, alloys for organ pipes, and fusible alloys. It goes on to discuss the other alloys containing tin including battery grid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) is useful. Bismuth-base fusible alloys with melting points ranging from 45 to 250 °C (110 to 485 °F) are manufactured. Alloys based on indium with lead, tin, and silver additions are available to cover the temperature range from 95 to 315 °C (200 to 600 °F). Solders available in the temperature range from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Tin is produced from both primary and secondary sources. This article discusses the chemical compositions, production, properties, microstructure and applications of tin and tin alloys. The major tin alloys discussed here are tin-antimony-copper alloy (pewter), bearing alloy, solder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Submerged arc welding (SAW) is an arc welding process in which the arc is concealed by a blanket of granular and fusible flux. This article provides a schematic illustration of a typical setup for automatic SAW and discusses the advantages and limitations and the process applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... as an alloying element in steel and in copper alloys to improve machinability and other characteristics, and it is used in fusible (low-melting) alloys for fire sprinkler systems. Although most lead is used in metallic form, substantial amounts are used in the form of lead compounds. These include tetraethyl...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... alloy. The high cost of indium has limited the general use of these solders. Low-Melting Fusible Alloy Solders Low-melting fusible alloy solders, which contain bismuth, are used for soldering processes that involve temperature-sensitive substrates or devices, as well as the low-temperature part...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and foil. Lead in various forms and combinations is also used as a material for controlling sound and mechanical vibrations and shielding against x-rays and gamma rays. In addition, lead is used as an alloying element in steel and copper alloys to improve machinability, and it is used in fusible (low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Fusible metals are commonly alloys of tin, lead, bismuth, antimony, and cadmium. Aluminum is a popular expendable mandrel material because it is easily machined and polished to close surface and dimensional tolerances. It is also easy to dissolve in caustic solutions. Mandrel Design and Preparation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... of the fusible element, or the appearance of eutectic melt systems during homogenization. Therefore it is necessary to load the fusible metals (aluminum) in the form of alloys with relatively high melting points. Besides, the iron-bearing MA should not create eutectics at heating and homogenization. A complex MA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Advanced thermoplastic composites possess impact resistance, fracture toughness, and elevated temperature endurance properties due to their melt-fusible nature. This article presents the material options available for thermoplastic composites such as pseudothermoplastics, post...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... historical developments in powder metallurgy Date Development Origin 3000 B.C. “Sponge iron” for making tools Egypt, Africa, India 1200 A.D. Cementing platinum grains South America (Incas) 1781 Fusible platinum-arsenic alloy France, Germany 1790 Production of platinum-arsenic...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... alloys made possible the development of a flexible and reliable process that is both economical and capable of meeting stringent metallurgical and dimensional requirements. Cylindrical pieces produced by horizontal centrifugal casting are now used in many industries. Of particular importance are large...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., elastomer, and metal, into a solid object. Parts are built upon a moveable platform for a surface in a bin of the heat fusible powder ( Fig. 1 ). A roller levels powder on the surface, and then selective sintering of the powder is done by a laser beam that traces the pattern of the first layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., temperature and strain rate, stress, inert carriers, and fatigue, on LMIE. It provides a detailed discussion on LMIE in ferrous and nonferrous metals and their alloys. In addition, the article highlights the ways of preventing embrittlement in metals and alloys. liquid metal induced embrittlement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... (SAW) is an arc welding process in which the arc is concealed beneath and shielded by a blanket of granular fusible material called flux that is placed over the joint area ahead of the arc. Filler metal is obtained primarily from an electrode wire that is continuously fed through the blanket of flux...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... interlocking. Gener- air dried. Dried without the application of heat. carbon and manganese) added to effect ally expressed in kilopascals (kPa) or pounds air feed. A process variation in which an air changes in properties. per square inch (psi). alloy system. A complete series of composi- adhesive wear. Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... film formed at such temperatures. By contrast, metals such as tin, lead, and zinc freeze very fast due to nucleate boiling heat transfer, unimpeded by steam films. However, a fusible alloy has so little thermal head that it cools slowly. The density data mirror the resulting curve. It should be noted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... joint manufacturing process and in field-use applications. The corresponding failure mechanism and root-cause analysis are also presented; the analysis method and practical examples of soldering failures are included. Characteristics Solder is a fusible metal alloy used to create a permanent bond...