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fuselage frames

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
...Abstract Abstract The aluminum alloy 7099 is a Kaiser aluminum high-strength Al-Mg-Zn-Cu alloy with zirconium that offers a less quench-sensitive alloy for properties in thicker sections for airframe structures such as wing ribs, spars, and skins, as well as fuselage frames and floor beams...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... and titanium alloys Applications area Typical uses Aerospace  Airframes Fittings, bolts, landing gear beams, wing boxes, fuselage frames, flap tracks, slat tracks, brake assemblies, fuselage panels, engine support mountings, undercarriage components, inlet guide vanes, wing pivot lugs, keels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... Figure 5(b) illustrates a fatigue-critical location in the fuselage in the axial stiffeners at a circumferential frame connection. Radial loading due to internal cabin pressure causes stiffener bending ( M ) and concentrated load transfer ( P ) from the stiffener into the frame. A combination...
Book Chapter

By Don O. Evans
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... shell free of frames and stiffeners. The shells are also free of rivets and skin joints. Because the shells do not contain frames, there is more usable space for passengers or cargo. Fig. 4 Raytheon Premier I fuselage manufactured by fiber placement By using the fiber placement process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...) an ineffective corrosion-control program Fig. 26 Examples of local and widespread corrosion on fuselage structures. (a) Local corrosion involves nonadjacent frame bays. (b) Local corrosion—involves nonadjacent stringers. (c) Widespread corrosion—involves adjacent stringer frame bays. (d) Widespread...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Fig. 1 Sketches of discrete source damage for fuselage Fig. 2 Tension strengths for impact damage, open holes, and cuts Fig. 3 Compressive strength versus defect size for AS4/3501-6 wing skin laminate Fig. 4 Effect of manufactured wrinkle on compressive strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
...) Thickness or diameter. Source: Ref 2 Applications include engine nacelles, cowling, aircraft inner door structures, seat components, fuselage skin, wing components, forged aircraft wheels, automotive structural forgings, drawn hydraulic tubing, recreational products, and welded plate. Alloy 6013...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... by Pechiney for use in fuselage applications, such as integrally machined main frames, cockpit window frames, beams, and fittings ( Ref 1 ). The over-aged T7651 temper was designed for similar strength as 7010/7050, with significantly improved toughness ( Table 2 ). The over-aged T7451 temper is obtained...
Book Chapter

By Frank K. Ko
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and composites Aircraft fuselage frames Aircraft interiors Aircraft propellers Artificial limbs, tendons, bone Automotive parts Boats Boat masts Bridge components Chemical containers Drive shafts Elbow fittings Fishing rods Frame of airplane seats Glider Glider airplanes Golf clubs Hang-glider frames Hockey...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... a commercial success as a passenger plane as well as a cargo carrier ( Ref 19 ). Alclad 2024-T351 remained the alloy of choice for the fuselage of virtually every airplane built until the 1990s, when other 2 x 24 alloy variants became available. Fig. 5 1930s vintage Douglas DC-3 aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... joints, tear straps, frames, etc. Additions to this program include the use of elastic-plastic FEA to better define the effect of growing cracks on residual strength. Experimental studies that were accomplished included the teardown inspection of fuselage structure that has experienced 60,000...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... and moderate resistance to stress corrosion cracking in aerospace applications such as wing-box ribs and spars; fuselage primary structural elements such as frames, bulkheads, windshield surrounds; and structural components in landing-gear bays. Plate product has excellent flatness, consistency, and low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... 2024-O, 7075-O 1.6+2.5 t 1 16 +2.5 t (b) 2024-T3, 2024-T4 3.2+4 t 1 8 +4 t (b) (a) Using minimum permissible bend radius; a larger bend radius requires a wider flange. (b) t , sheet thickness Fig. 2 Fuselage tail cap that was formed by the Guerin...
Book Chapter

By R. Kopp, J. Schulz
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... of dislocations within hard materials. In the aircraft and aerospace industries, shot peen forming has been successfully used for many years to form numerically controlled milled components, such as airplane wings, stringer-strengthened fuselages (Alpha Jet, Airbus), or structural segments of spacecraft ( Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Comments Detection method (a) Maintenance repairs (b) Exterior fuselage Skin Surface, pitting, and filiform Paint failure around rivets and fasteners V RBR. Install patches if beyond negligible damage limit. Doors Surface, intergranular, and exfoliation Paint failure induced by door...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... applications include engine inlet glands and fuselage frames, both of which are fracture critical, having equivalent or improved structural properties compared with prepregs and demonstrably lower void levels. Aeroengine applications have grown also. Boeing's blocker door replaced a 40-piece aluminum assembly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... cannot produce parts with sharp contours or depressions. It is primarily used to make aircraft skin panels, window frames, and automotive door panels. The four methods of stretch forming are: Stretch draw forming ( Fig. 1a and b ) Stretch wrapping, also called rotary stretch forming ( Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of Composite Fuselage Frames for Crashworthiness,” Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Aerospace and Ocean Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University , Blacksburg, Virginia , Dec 1994 19. Johnson E.R. and Rastogi N. , “Effective Hygrothermal Expansion Coefficients...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and in the Structural Integrity of Fuselage Joints , Proceedings, 19th Symposium of the International Committee on Aeronautical Fatigue , 16–20 June 1997 ( Edinburgh, U.K. ). Conference proceedings available from http://www.emas.co.uk/ 21. Brooks C. , Prost-Domasky S. , and Honeycutt K...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... be adequately supported by aluminum or magnesium castings incorporating thin sections. An example of an aircraft part is shown in Fig. 14 , sand cast in aluminum alloy 356, this part was designed as an access door for the fuselage of an airplane. On the basis of experience with similar shapes, the practical...