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furnace wall cleaner fluxes

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... It reviews the classification of solid fluxes depending on their use and function at the foundry operation. These include cover fluxes, drossing fluxes, cleaning fluxes, and furnace wall cleaner fluxes. The article also examines the operational practices and applications of the flux injection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., drossing fluxes, cleaning fluxes, and furnace wall cleaner fluxes. The article reviews the basic considerations in proper flux selection and fluxing practices. It explains the basic principles of degassing and discusses the degassing of wrought aluminum alloys. The article describes filtration in wrought...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and water cooling systems for induction furnaces. Furnace operators can increase the power supply utilization by the use of mechanical skimmers. The article describes the various lining materials used in induction furnaces, namely, silica, alumina, and magnesia. The crucible wall scrapers, ramming mixes...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and in a wide variety of traditional and specialized shapes. There is no direct impingement of the flame on the metal, and the heat loss to the outside is limited by the refractory walls. However, the energy efficiency of the crucible furnace can be low (7 to 19%), with over 60% of the heat loss attributed...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... singly or in combination, include: Removing inclusions, impurities, or dissolved gases from the melt Preventing excessive formation of solid-phase inclusions Preventing and/or removing oxide buildup on furnace walls Injecting or distributing alloying constituents Thus, fluxes...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... surface itself but is reradiated off the walls or the roof of the furnace. The term reverberatory furnace is a throwback to the World War II era, when the most common fuels for hearth aluminum melting were coal or coke ( Fig. 2 ). This necessitated locating the heat source or fire box at one end...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... complexity having thin-wall sections. The end product has a high degree of stability as well as being light in weight. New die-cast automotive components include instrument panel beams, engine blocks, and radiator supports. Many cell phones incorporate die-cast magnesium alloy components. Melting Furnaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... that air circulation provides the same advantages as in electric-package forced-convection heating. Furnace construction for aluminum enameling generally requires the use of stainless steel inner liner sheets, low-density wall insulation, and plain-carbon steel exterior shell. This type of fabrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract Various types of furnaces have been used for cast iron melting. In terms of tonnage, the primary melting methods used by iron casting facilities are cupola and induction furnaces. This article describes the operation and control principles of cupola furnace. It discusses the advantages...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., and brazing flux. It describes various aluminum brazing methods, such as furnace, vacuum, dip, and torch brazing. Friction, flow, induction, resistance, and diffusion brazing are some alternate brazing methods discussed. The article reviews the brazing of aluminum to ferrous alloys, aluminum to copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Fluxes should not be used in a vacuum environment. Some types of equipment, such as metallic muffle furnaces and vacuum systems, may be damaged or contaminated by the use of flux. The use of controlled atmospheres inhibits the formation of oxides and scale over the whole part and permits finish...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... solubility induction furnaces fluxing metal refining grain refining filtration copper casting alloys open-flame furnaces ALL COPPER ALLOYS can be successfully cast in sand. Sand casting allows the greatest flexibility in casting size and shape and is the most economical casting method if only...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... are still used today in the manufacture of earthenware, stoneware, building brick, and fireclay refractories. Early development of porcelain and china was based on mixing of clay with other pulverized minerals, such as quartz, feldspar, and even bone ash. Modern refractories, wall tile, technical ceramics...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... furnace from iron ore, limestone, and coal (coke) (see Fig. 1(a) ). Because it contains excessively high levels of silicon, manganese, carbon, and other elements, this liquid iron, together with scrap and fluxing agents, is then introduced into either a basic oxygen furnace or electric-arc furnace...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... by the input of electrical energy. The electrical system involved is rather simple. It employs a direct current source, a reversing switch, a positive and a negative pole that can be either the furnace wall or the work load, and a conducting medium that is the molten salt bath. Electrolytic fused salt...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... This is critical, for example, to obtain a good bimetal bonding for roll production. Casting Inoculation and Fluxing Some castings necessitate the use of inoculants to obtain the desired microstructure (such as ductile iron and gray iron) or grain sizes (such as thick-wall chilled iron or steel tubes...
Book Chapter

By David V. Neff
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and more efficient technologies. However, some foundries still employ this technique, especially on small crucible furnaces. The second most popular degassing technique in historical use—and still used today (2008)—is a simple flux wand or static lance. This can be a steel pipe or, more commonly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., temperature and time, rate and source of heating, and protection by an atmosphere or flux. The article explains the different types of brazing processes: manual torch brazing, furnace brazing, induction brazing, dip brazing, resistance brazing, infrared (quartz) brazing, exothermic brazing, electron-beam...
Book Chapter

By K. Sampath
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... speed 24 cm (9 1 2 in.) per min (a) Electrode and flux yielded a weld deposit containing 0.12 C, 0.84 Mn, 0.72 Si, 0.018 S Because of the experience with the pistons with 7.6 to 12.7 cm (3 to 5 in.) wall, it was decided to use SAW to assemble four large pistons, in which a 19.2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., or 1.0 by 4.0 in.) is attached to an alloy rod that is then inserted into the furnace through a port in the furnace wall. The shim stock is exposed to the carburizing atmosphere for a period of time sufficient to reach equilibrium with the carbon level in the gas atmosphere (i.e., through carburize...