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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... and electrical safety are discussed. The article explains the use of personal protective equipment and provides information on protection against fumes, gases, and electromagnetic radiation. It concludes with a discussion on safe handling of compressed gases as well as the prevention and protection of fire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
..., torch construction and electrodes, shielding gases, and filler metals as well as the GTAW welding procedures. The article concludes with a review of the safety precautions to avoid possible hazards during the GTAW process: electrical shock, fumes and gases, arc radiation, and fire and explosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... and fume, ultraviolet light, and mechanical hazards. The means selected for safeguarding personnel must be based on a formal risk assessment that meets ANSI/RIA standards. The safeguards include sensing devices, barriers, awareness signals, procedures, and training. It also provides guidelines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract The hazards associated with thermal spray deposition processes include ultraviolet and infrared radiation; acoustical noise; and by-product production in the forms of nitrous oxides, ozone, fumes, and dust. The most important consideration in health and safety is to use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... For example, welders must be trained to position themselves while welding or cutting so that their heads are not in the gases or fume plume. (Fume plume is the smokelike cloud containing minute solid particles arising directly from the area of melting metal. In distinction to a gas, fumes are metallic vapors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., and welding gun. The required auxiliary equipment, such as shielding gas, depends on the process variant used and the degree of automation. Fume removal equipment must also be considered in most applications of the FCAW process. Typical Semiautomatic Equipment Mechanized and Automatic FCAW Equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... versus argon/carbon dioxide. (c) Helium versus argon-helium. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 2 Plot of weld metal impact energy versus test temperature as a function of shielding gas composition. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 3 Plot of fume formation rate versus current for mild steel solid wire using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... direct current electrode positive. (a) Argon versus argon-oxygen. (b) Carbon dioxide versus argon/carbon dioxide. (c) Helium versus argon-helium. Source: Ref 3 Fig. 3 Plot of fume formation rate versus current for mild steel solid wire using selected shielding gases. Source: Ref 10...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0005650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Electropolishing Etching 7. Facility Facility and equipment maintenance Housecleaning Fume hood air flow Fire extinguishers and fire protection Spill response Showers and eye washes Air lines and filters Plumbing Electricals 8. Employee training Safety Indications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... “Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding,” AWS A5.20-79, American Welding Society Typical Semiautomatic Equipment Mechanized and Automatic FCAW Equipment Fume-Removal Equipment <bold>Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels</bold> <bold>Stainless Steels</bold> <bold>Nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... for electropolishing, because fume scrubbers are needed to remove the nitrous oxides produced. Chemical expenditure and tank construction are specific and necessary before aluminum processing can begin. Bright dip can be used on a variety of alloys and a variety of shapes on a single rack and bus bar. Residence time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... connections can cause electrical shocks that can be lethal. Hot-sprayed parts or particles can cause burns and fires if directed at combustible materials (i.e., paper, rags, clothing, etc.). Chronic exposure to powder and spray process dust, fumes, and mists can cause severe respiratory ailments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... This article discusses the process description, equipment, gases, operating sequence, process considerations, and applications of PAC. It concludes with a discussion on the safety measures associated with the PAC process. Gases and Fumes Noise Radiant Energy Electric Shock Fire Compressed Gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Chemical Society, ACS, grade) Chemically pure (CP) or reagent grade 43° baumé 70.3% Strong or concentrated acid 95–99% White fuming nitric acid (WFNA) 95–99%&lt;0.5% NO x Red fuming nitric acid (RFNA) 95–99%+NO x 6–30% Inhibited RFNA 98% plus 15% H 2 SO 4 Source: Ref 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-containing atmospheres requires the use of a chemical flux. These fluxes, whether used in torch, furnace, or dip brazing, or in braze pastes, usually contain chlorides and/or fluorides, the fumes of which are hazardous to the operator if inhaled. Flux fumes must be exhausted, not only for health reasons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Power Sources Compressed Air Air Supply Air-Carbon Arc Cutting Electrodes Manual Gouging Torch Control of Automatic Gouging Torches Gases and Fumes Noise Radiant Energy Electric Shock Fire Compressed Gas Cylinders Explosions Dual-Flow Plasma Cutting Water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... fluid oz) Water, to make 4 L (1 gal) Temperature of bath 60–70 °C (140–160 °F) Immersion time 30 s to 2 min Fig. 2 Operations used in etching of aluminum and aluminum alloys Fumes from most acid etching solutions are corrosive, and the mist or spray carried up by the gases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...: Electric shock can kill Do not permit electrically live parts or electrodes to contact skin … or your clothing or gloves if they are wet Insulate yourself from work and ground Fumes and gases can be dangerous to your health Keep fumes and gases from your breathing zone and general area Keep your...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... 100 Fig. 14 Cutaway view showing the basic components of a direct current arc furnace Fig. 11 Four methods of dust and fume control in electric furnaces. (a) Prepollution control ventilation for dust and fume removal. (b) Direct furnace dust and fume collection (both front view...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that are reducing in nature corrode titanium unless they contain inhibitors. Strong oxidizers, including anhydrous red fuming nitric acid and 90% H 2 O 2 , also cause attack. Ionizable fluoride compounds, such as NaF and HF, activate the surface and can cause rapid corrosion; dry chlorine gas is especially harmful...