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friction welding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.9781627081740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the mechanism, advantages and disadvantages, fundamentals, capabilities, variations, equipment used, and weldability of metals in solid-state welding processes, including diffusion bonding, explosion welding, friction welding, ultrasonic welding, upset welding...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of plastics, chemical treatment for adhesion, and tabulates the adhesive types for bonding plastics to plastics and plastics to nonplastics. The article briefly describes the welding processes of thermoplastics, including fusion welding (hot-tool, hot gas, extrusion, and focused infrared), friction...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Tribology is the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion or, the study of friction, wear, and lubrication. This article focuses on friction and wear processes that aid in the evaluation and selection of materials, for polymers and some composites used in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., including corrosion compatibility, fastener materials and strength, head configurations, importance of clamp-up, interference fit fasteners, lightning strike protection, blind fastening, and sensitivity to hole quality. Types of fusion bonding are presented, namely, thermal welding, friction welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.9781627081733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... knurl or friction drive that contacts the peripheral surface of the electrode wheel. The series of spot welds is made without retracting the electrode wheels or releasing the electrode force between spots, although the electrode wheels may advance either continuously or intermittently...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the total number of repairs that are effectively completed on these materials. There have recently been limited studies performed by various academic institutions and government agencies concerning the repair of aluminum and nickel-copper castings using friction stir welding (FSW) processes. Areas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... The range for conical-die angle is assumed to be from 0 to 70°. The permissible range for ram velocity is assumed to be from 30 to 100 mm/s (1.2 to 4 in./s). The friction factor is 0.3. This example was selected for illustration because analytical solutions are available for the billet strain rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ability of metals to solid-state weld under the action of rubbing, with self-mated metals being more prone to friction weld to each other than metals that do not form solid solutions ( Ref 9 ). Some metals are known to form strong junctions, and this tendency is related to the metallurgical solid...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Flux-cored arc welding Gas tungsten arc welding Plasma arc welding Electroslag welding Electrogas welding Resistance welding Flash welding Oxyfuel welding Diffusion welding Friction welding Electron beam welding Laser beam welding Torch brazing Furnace brazing Induction brazing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 950 °C (1020 to 1740 °F) in a protective atmosphere. Typical sintering times are 30 to 60 min. The sintered parts are typically machined for dimensional accuracy and surface parallelism. The friction elements are usually brazed, welded, riveted, or mechanically fastened to the supporting steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the capabilities of closed-die forging. One of the most important aspects of closed-die forging is proper design of preforming operations and of blocker dies to achieve adequate metal distribution. The article describes the effects of friction and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... stress state and friction conditions present in the bulk deformation process. These two factors are described and brought together in an experimental workability analysis. bend test bulk deformation bulk workability testing compression test forging fracture limit line partial-width...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... compression test, with the help of flow curves. The article illustrates the testing apparatus used in the cylindrical compression test. It describes the issues regarding friction and temperature, and strain-rate control with proper test equipment and experimental planning during the ring compression test and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... result of poor welds. A good example is an incomplete consolidation flaw in friction stir welding (FSW). This is a tunnel defect that forms at the intersection of the weld nugget, thermomechanically affected zone, and band of material running from the weld nugget toward the joint edge on the advancing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... friction and high reflectance Cobalt 250–300 HK Gray 2–25 0.1–1.0 High hardness and reflectance Copper 41–220 HV Bright pink 4–50 0.2–2.0 High electrical and thermal conductivities; used as undercoat for other electroplates Lead 5 HB Gray 12–200 (c) 1300 (d) 0.5–8.0 (c) 50 (d...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... down-hole or water pipe, corrosion barrier for reinforcement and other structural steel, dual-layer FBE pipe to provide a high-friction surface or improve damage resistance, and the primary corrosion part of three-layer polyolefin systems. Courtesy of J.A. Kehr There are a number of performance...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the gating system, which is also termed the choke, and frictional factors that depend on the complexity of the gating system and the casting. The choke is typically placed at the sprue base. The sprue itself is tapered or widened in cross section above the choke to slow down the metal and prevent air...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... that would prevent them from being removed from the corebox. In addition, deep pockets in the corebox must have a sufficient draft angle to prevent high friction between the core and corebox during removal, which could cause a core to break. For deep pockets, additional loose pieces are used in the...