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friction testing

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... friction and wear applications. It provides information on friction, types of wear, and lubrication. The article includes a brief description of the friction and wear test methods, laboratory-scale friction, and wear testing, usually performed either to rank the performance of candidate materials for an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., % 5.67 4.74 The general form of a tri-pin-on-disk friction and wear measuring machine is shown in Fig. 4 . One of the test materials, usually the metal or ceramic, is machined in the form of a disk and located on pegs on a turntable driven at constant speed in an environmental chamber. Three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of dental feldspathic porcelain has been studied by single-pass sliding tests using a diamond hemisphere (360 μm in diameter) in air and water ( Ref 216 ). The friction of as-glazed porcelain is higher and the surface damage is more extensive in water than in air ( Table 14 ). Crack initiation within...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract A cylindrical specimen compressed with friction at the die surfaces does not remain cylindrical in shape but becomes bulged or barreled. Tensile stresses associated with the bulging surface make the upset test a candidate for workability testing. This article discusses test-specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... stress state and friction conditions present in the bulk deformation process. These two factors are described and brought together in an experimental workability analysis. bend test bulk deformation bulk workability testing compression test forging fracture limit line partial-width...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... compression test, with the help of flow curves. The article illustrates the testing apparatus used in the cylindrical compression test. It describes the issues regarding friction and temperature, and strain-rate control with proper test equipment and experimental planning during the ring compression test and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... ¯ = −ε Uniaxial compression with friction correction Friction shear factor ( m s ) m s ≈ 3   μ where μ ≡Coulomb coefficient of friction Friction correction for flow stress σ ¯ p a v = ( 1 + m s d ( 3 3 ) h ) − 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... methods of wear testing are being used by mechanical and reliability engineers to determine wear parameters that can project performance and establish the influence of various factors on these parameters. Wear is closely related to friction and lubrication. The study of these three subjects is known as...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... indicated by friction D 3702 Test Method for Wear Rate of Materials in Self-Lubricated Rubbing Contact Using a Thrust Washer Testing Machine Thickness change D 3704 Test Method for Wear Preventative Properties of Lubricating Greases Using the (Falex) Block on Ring Test Machine in Oscillating Motion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... 2 No Fair Good Good Fair Friction Torsion 10 3 20 Yes Good Fair Fair Good None Note: Modified from Ref 1 , max, maximum This section illustrates the use of hot torsion testing for optimization of hot working processes. Billets of an experimental aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., the parameters likely to influence grain size should be considered. Some parameters are easily contemplated, such as initial grain size, temperature, strain, and deformation rate. Other parameters are less obvious, such as prior thermomechanical history or frictional effects. The numbered examples...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... between opposite faces of the diamond indenter (136°). Equipment for determining the Vickers hardness number should be designed to apply the load without impact, and friction should be reduced to a minimum. The actual load on the indenter should be correct to less than 1%, and the load should be...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... sandpaper to promote gripping friction. Edges of the test specimen should be undamaged and parallel to within 0.127 mm (0.005 in.). Tab surfaces should be parallel to a reference surface within 0.0508 mm (0.002 in.). Strain measurements can be obtained by utilizing an extensometer or electrical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract In terms of their electrical properties, plastics can be divided into thermosetting and thermoplastic materials, some of which are conductive or semiconductive. This article provides detailed information on factors that affect the property of plastics. It discusses the major test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... practice, the torque can be calibrated indirectly using a calibration resistance in a Wheatstone-bridge circuit or directly by imposing fixed amounts of torque by hanging weights from a lever arm attached to the torque cell. To ensure that the measured torque is free of any frictional components, it is...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... anisotropic behavior. They can be used to modify properties and reduce shrinkage without causing property changes that are dependent on flow direction. The amount and type of reinforcement affect other properties. Glass fibers are very abrasive and tend to increase the wear and coefficient of friction of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-scanning, and scratch tests. After a discussion on gear scuffing, information on the material-dependent adhesive wear and factors preventing adhesive wear is provided. adhesive wear coefficient of friction galling metal sliding contacts scoring scuffing seizure scratch tests twist compression...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the fundamentals of tribology. It describes the advantages, disadvantages, and applications of pin-on-disk method, which is the most commonly used configuration for testing biomaterials and for the reproducible measurement of friction and wear. The...