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friction coefficient testing

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... in a computerized database. ASTM G 115-93, “Standard Guide for Measuring and Reporting Friction Coefficients” ( Ref 17 ), tabulates current ASTM friction tests standards, points out the factors that must be considered when determining coefficients of friction, and suggests a standard reporting format...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the improvements noted in laboratory tests were not reproduced in the body. In 1961, Charnley turned to ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) as the cup material. This material exhibits a higher coefficient of friction than PTFE, but a vastly enhanced resistance to wear. Its introduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... follows an exponential function, whereas the tangential force (friction) increases linearly with normal load ( Ref 41 ). The coefficient of friction is not a perfect indicator of wear. The track width data indicate that the principal mechanisms for the accommodation of strain are elastic deformation and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract A cylindrical specimen compressed with friction at the die surfaces does not remain cylindrical in shape but becomes bulged or barreled. Tensile stresses associated with the bulging surface make the upset test a candidate for workability testing. This article discusses test-specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... finite-element modeling of the hot-compression test using realistic parameters for hot-worked alloys showed that an observed barreling coefficient can be used to determine the friction factor for use in Eq 9 ( Ref 11 ). The barreling coefficient is defined as: (Eq 10) B = h ( r max...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... stress state and friction conditions present in the bulk deformation process. These two factors are described and brought together in an experimental workability analysis. bend test bulk deformation bulk workability testing compression test forging fracture limit line partial-width...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., the parameters likely to influence grain size should be considered. Some parameters are easily contemplated, such as initial grain size, temperature, strain, and deformation rate. Other parameters are less obvious, such as prior thermomechanical history or frictional effects. The numbered examples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-scanning, and scratch tests. After a discussion on gear scuffing, information on the material-dependent adhesive wear and factors preventing adhesive wear is provided. adhesive wear coefficient of friction galling metal sliding contacts scoring scuffing seizure scratch tests twist compression...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... ¯ = −ε Uniaxial compression with friction correction Friction shear factor ( m s ) m s ≈ 3   μ where μ ≡Coulomb coefficient of friction Friction correction for flow stress σ ¯ p a v = ( 1 + m s d ( 3 3 ) h ) − 1...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... sliding contact, the product of the kinetic friction force, F , and relative velocity, v , equates to work into the surface per unit time (e.g., N · m/s or lbf · ft/min). The kinetic friction force is, by definition, the product of the kinetic friction coefficient (μ k ) and the normal force, P...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... between opposite faces of the diamond indenter (136°). Equipment for determining the Vickers hardness number should be designed to apply the load without impact, and friction should be reduced to a minimum. The actual load on the indenter should be correct to less than 1%, and the load should be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... anisotropic behavior. They can be used to modify properties and reduce shrinkage without causing property changes that are dependent on flow direction. The amount and type of reinforcement affect other properties. Glass fibers are very abrasive and tend to increase the wear and coefficient of friction of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... sandpaper to promote gripping friction. Edges of the test specimen should be undamaged and parallel to within 0.127 mm (0.005 in.). Tab surfaces should be parallel to a reference surface within 0.0508 mm (0.002 in.). Strain measurements can be obtained by utilizing an extensometer or electrical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract In terms of their electrical properties, plastics can be divided into thermosetting and thermoplastic materials, some of which are conductive or semiconductive. This article provides detailed information on factors that affect the property of plastics. It discusses the major test...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... practice, the torque can be calibrated indirectly using a calibration resistance in a Wheatstone-bridge circuit or directly by imposing fixed amounts of torque by hanging weights from a lever arm attached to the torque cell. To ensure that the measured torque is free of any frictional components, it is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... dynamic response of equipment. The article reviews the determination of friction coefficient using laboratory monitoring methods, indirect measurements, and the inverse method. It considers the determination of the interface heat-transfer coefficient by using the ring test and computer simulations. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... discusses various in vivo environmental conditions in tribological tests. Some typical examples of biomaterials testing are also provided. biomaterials electrical contact resistance friction coefficient linear reciprocating motion orthopaedic coatings pin-on-disk method tribocorrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... economy are well documented. For example, the importance of investigating failures was vividly illustrated in the pioneering efforts of the Wright Brothers in developing self-propelled flight. In fact, while Wilbur was traveling in France in 1908, Orville was conducting flight tests for the U.S. Army...