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fretting wear

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Fretting is a wear phenomenon that occurs between two mating surfaces; initially, it is adhesive in nature, and vibration or small-amplitude oscillation is an essential causative factor. Fretting generates wear debris, which oxidizes, leading to a corrosion-like morphology. This...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... lower hardness values. Fretting is a corrosion-assisted wear process between two metal surfaces that results in surface damage, pitting, and increased susceptibility to fatigue crack initiation. Fretting occurs when cyclic micromotion between the contacting metal surfaces results in adhesive wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... damage of the worn products after the tribological process. Then, the article describes some examples of wear processes, considering possible transitions and/or interactions of the mechanism of fretting wear, rolling-sliding wear, abrasive wear, and solid-particle erosion wear. The role of tribological...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article reviews the corrosion interactions between biomedical alloys, in particular iron-base, titanium-base, and cobalt-base alloys, in complex geometries and in applications where there are significant cyclic stresses and potential for wear and fretting motion. It discusses the...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... , M · P −1 · N −1 , V · t −1 , M · t −1 Fretting V , SR … Polishing wear M , V , D , SR M · t −1 , D · t −1 Impact Two-body M , V , D , SR V · t −1 , M · t −1 , V · N −1 , M · N −1 , Erosion, solid particle M , V , D , SR M...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... repeated rolling contact suffers from such wear attack involving wear, fatigue, and corrosion. Perhaps the most encountered type of fatigue wear corrosion is fretting wear in a corrosive environment, termed fretting corrosion. This is the damage to a surface under cyclic wearing stress with small...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of wear. Thus, adhesive wear may sometimes be identified by excluding other forms of wear. For example, adhesive wear may be likely if no abrasive particles are identified, if the sliding motion is greater than that of fretting, or if corrosion reduction or oxidation do not occur. Finally, the other...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to a weight gain rather than a weight loss. This type of wear is less common for many polymeric materials (because of their general chemical stability) than for metals. Fretting wear occurs when two surfaces have oscillatory relative motion of small amplitude. Small debris particles are produced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... debris is generally fine and predominantly made up of metal oxide. Oxidative wear is particularly prevalent in contacts with a small amount of sliding or those in which fretting occurs, such as the backprinter device of a hammer striking against a print band ( Ref 22 ). Adhesive wear occurs in both...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... matrix structures occur in cast iron: ferrite, pearlite, bainite, martensite, and austenite. Ferrite is generally a soft constituent, but it can be solid solution hardened by silicon. When silicon levels are below 3%, the ferrite matrix is readily machined but exhibits poor wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... forms as wear corrosion and erosion-corrosion. The mutual motion under load destroys the protective passive films, making the surfaces vulnerable to the corrosion attack, and the small gap between the surfaces creates occluded crevice corrosion conditions. An interaction with the environment is also...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fretting corrosion, appears as pits or grooves in the metal surface that are surrounded or filled with corrosion product. Fretting is sometimes referred to as chafing, road burn, friction oxidation, wear oxidation, or galling. The basic requirements for fretting are as follows: Repeated relative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-corrosion, and fretting corrosion. The article explains the effects of tin content in zirconium and effects of fabrication on corrosion. Corrosion control measures for all types of corrosion are also highlighted. The article concludes with information on the safety precautions associated with handling of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Sliding and adhesive wear Fretting wear Rolling contact wear Impact wear Chemically assisted wear Corrosive wear Oxidational wear Classifications based on wear mechanisms have generally emphasized one or more of the following factors: removal of individual atoms, plastic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Analysis of the failure of a metal structure or part usually requires identification of the type of failure. Failure can occur by one or more of several mechanisms, including surface damage (such as corrosion or wear), elastic or plastic distortion, and fracture. This leads to a wide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... applications. In the low-pressure compressor, titanium alloy midspan support faces are sprayed with tungsten carbide-cobalt for protection against fretting wear. Wear protection is also afforded to blade roots, location lugs and fan dampers by means of a “soft” coating (Cu-Ni-In) to protect the titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... typical types of damage experienced for metallic components. This article discusses the processes involved in visual or macroscopic examination of damaged material; the interpretation of fracture features, corrosion, and wear damage features; and the analysis of base material composition. It covers the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... material, which are discussed in the following sections along with examples. The tools available for failure analysis are then covered. Further, the article describes the categories of mode of failure: distortion or undesired deformation, fracture, corrosion, and wear. It provides information on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Specialty steels encompass a broad range of ferrous alloys noted for their special processing characteristics (powder metallurgy alloys), corrosion resistance (stainless steels), wear resistance and toughness (tool steels), high strength (maraging steels), or magnetic properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... information on the wear and fatigue properties and corrosion resistance of nitrided titanium alloys, as well as the effect of nitriding on the biocompatibility of titanium. It also compares plasma-nitrided titanium alloys with alloy steels. It concludes with a short discussion on the effect of nitriding on...