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freestanding films

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the evaluation of mechanical properties of freestanding films and films adherent to their substrates. Common methods of testing freestanding films, including uniaxial tensile testing, uniaxial creep testing, biaxial testing, and beam-bending methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005745
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... also be used for forming freestanding materials/structures ( Ref 2 ). Early applications included zirconia λ-oxygen sensors and bulk ceramic materials for crucibles. More recent research has dealt with spray forming of superconducting (high-critical-temperature) oxide ceramics and the synthesis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article describes eight stages of the atomistic film growth: vaporization of the material, transport of the material to the substrate, condensation and nucleation of the atoms, nuclei growth, interface formation, film growth, changes in structure during the deposition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of the atomic force microscope measuring surface forces/strength of interactions between surfaces Fig. 4 Surface force balance for measurement of liquid film thickness (0.1 nm resolution) and direct detection of normal and shear forces across liquid. Only the lens orientation and interferometer setup...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Commercial polyimide materials Developer/source Material Supplier DuPont Kapton film DuPont Vespel parts DuPont DuPont Tribon Vespel composites DuPont Tribon Composites DuPont Electronics/Hitachi Chemical Pyralin series (solution) HD Microsystems DuPont/Cytec Fiberite Avimid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Limitations Freestanding Structures Multilayer Structures Vapor Phase Nucleation Buckminster Fullerenes Substrate Temperature Monitoring Source Temperature Monitoring Deposition Rate and Deposited Mass Monitors Film Thickness Monitoring Optical Property Monitoring Electrical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Finishing , Vol 59 ( No. 3 ), Autumn 1981 , p 89 – 92 10.1080/00202967.1981.11870568 7. Boden P.J. , Eastham D.E. , and Henstock M.E. , Recent Developments in the Electrodeposition of Permalloy Films , Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing , Vol 50 ( No. 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... and the resulting coatings are described. Some of these analytical methods can make use of a coating on an appropriately sized substrate. Others require “powdering” of the coating so it will compact in a sample holder. Such powders also can be milled from small “freestands” made by removing the substrate. Wet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... (not to scale) Fig. 3 Optical image of a research-grade LIFT experimental system Fig. 7 LIFT of silver nanoink to fabricate field-programmable gate fan-out array onto flexible polyimide film sheet Fig. 4 Liquid droplet volume as a function of laser fluence for different donor layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (c) >10,000 (b) >10,000 (b) >6500 >10,000 >10,000 (b) >6500 (a) Compression of freestanding rings of coatings. (b) Epoxy failure. (c) ASTM C 633-89, “Standard Test Method for Adhesion or Cohesive Strength of Flame-Sprayed Coatings,” ASTM, 1989. Source...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... Beyer W. , The Bonding Process in the Ultrasonic Welding of Metals , Schweisstechnik , Vol 19 ( No. 1 ), Jan 1969 , p 16 – 20 12. Watanabe A. , Yanagisawa T. , and Sunaga S. , The Effect of Oxide Film on the Strength of an Ultrasonically Welded Joint and Welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Fe + 2 + Cu + 2 The dissolved copper is stabilized as the copper-ammonium complex, Cu ( NH 3 ) 4 + 2 . The high-pH solution is also responsible for producing a film of hydrated iron oxide, which results in a passivated surface that remains rust-free...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and the composite interlayers in GLARE need to be carefully checked to ensure that an adequate margin is allowed for safe operation under worst-case hot/wet conditions. Adhesives used for bonded composite repairs are often structural film adhesives (epoxies, phenolics); however, some paste adhesives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... for sectioning; this may involve encapsulating it in a suitable protective film of epoxy (polymer). The prepared sample then is subjected to sectioning using abrasive wheels made of aluminum oxide or silicon carbide (ceramics) bonded to a rubberlike or polymeric backing material or diamond blades comprising...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Films for Tunable Electronics , Nano-Crystalline and Thin Film Magnetic Oxides , Springer , 1999 , p 195 – 208 10.1007/978-94-011-4493-3_14 22. Kim K.H. , Structural, Electrical and Optical Properties of Aluminum Doped Zinc Oxide Films Prepared by Radio Frequency Magnetron Sputtering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Vapor Deposition , Handbook of Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings , 2nd ed. , Bunshah R.F. , Ed., Noyes Publications , 1994 , p 375 16. Wei R. et al. , Improved Surface Properties of Materials , Technology Today , Southwest Research Institute, Winter 2011...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... If a mold has cracks or subsurface bubbles, air can collect in these regions, causing nonuniform suction and pinholes in the ware. Case molds are precoated with a soap film that seals the surfaces, promotes mold release, and prevents surface erosion. Insufficient soaping of gypsum case molds can cause...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... with a demonstration of good step coverage. Adapted from Ref 107 . Reprinted with permission from Springer Nature Fig. 60 Thin film of Y-Ba-Cu-O patterned by a focused ion beam (FIB) to make a Josephson junction. In applications such as these, sputtering by the FIB is not essential; the ion beam need only...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... techniques produce near-oxide-free coatings. High substrate preheating temperatures and the high deposit thickness capability of VPS have led to the emergence of VPS as a spray-forming (near-net shape manufacturing) process, which is being used for forming freestanding shapes from superalloys, advanced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...  Supports Molybdenum  Cathodes Tantalum  Anodes Molybdenum, tungsten Superconducting wire Nb-Ti, Nb 3 Sn X-ray targets Tungsten, molybdenum, rhenium, composite W-Mo Electrodes (mercury switches) Molybdenum, tungsten Thin-film substrates Molybdenum, tungsten Electrical contacts...