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fracture profilometry

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that are based on fracture profilometry. This is followed by a section describing the methods based on scanning electron microscope fractography. The article also addresses procedures for three-dimensional fracture surface reconstruction. In each case, sufficient methodological details, governing equations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... density OPM Optical profilometry Light (laser) Light (interference) Surface atomic structure Submicrometer; depth direction 0.5 to several nanometers Imaging to slip surface RS Raman scattering Light (laser) Light (Raman scattering) Trace elements, atomic configuration 1 µm Electronic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Aircraft , Joint Council on Aging Aircraft , 2005 8. Schijve J. , Fatigue Crack Growth under Variable Amplitude Loading , Fatigue and Fracture , Vol 19 , ASM Handbook , 1996 , p 110 – 133 9. Kaplan M.P. and Wolff T.A. , Life Extension and Damage Tolerance of Aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... describes the important parameters of the scratch test. Finally, it discusses the sliding indentation fracture process of brittle materials. scratch testing indentation hardness brittle materials Mohs scale TO UNDERSTAND the basis and applications of scratch testing, it is useful first...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... by mechanical or ion beam techniques ( Fig. 4 ) can be useful if the desired analysis tool has a sufficiently small spatial resolution to image the semiconducting layer on edge. The simplest cross-sectioning approach is to fracture the substrate, which is often brittle. If the fracture proceeds at a low stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... microstructure. Thick sections and fracture surfaces can be examined with reflected light to characterize microstructure. Thin sections can be more revealing and provide a better opportunity for phase analysis but with increased effort in sample preparation. Frequently, phases and structures that are difficult...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... on the leading edge of a blade, caused by droplets of rain. (a) Scanning electron microscopy image showing a section cut from an ex-service blade. (b) Optical profilometry image. Normally, such erosion does not impair the function of the blade. A very comprehensive treatment and review of liquid impact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... sealants, dental cements, porcelain and plastic denture teeth, dental feldspathic porcelain and ceramics, endodontic instruments, periodontal Instruments, and orthodontic wires. The article describes the correlations of properties, such as hardness, fracture toughness, and wear. It discusses wear mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... – 155 19. Learmonth I. , Young C. , and Rorabeck C. , The Operation of the Century: Total Hip Replacement , The Lancet , Vol 370 ( No. 9597 ), 2007 , p 1508 – 1519 20. Fritsch E. and Gleitz M. , Ceramic Femoral Head Fractures in Total Hip Arthroplasty...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... degradation, including corrosion, are considered. Fig. 2 Initial discontinuity state (IDS) distribution for 2024-T3 and 7075-T6 aluminum with the Weibull probability distribution. α is a scale parameter, and β is a shape parameter. Fig. 3 A two-dimensional fracture mechanics representation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... , in Environment Sensitive Fracture of Engineering Materials , Foroulis Z.A. , Ed., TMS-AIME , 1979 , p 581 52. Kwun S.I. and Fournelle R.A. , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 11A , 1980 , p 1429 53. Ideda S. , Sakai T. , and Fine M.E. , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 12 , 1977...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... caused by fretting damage when aluminum cylinders in Fig. 5 are extruded Fretting can occur also in certain orthopedic devices, particularly fracture fixation devices such as bone plates. These devices are used to hold together the parts of fractured bone. They consist of plates of corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... that deform plastically under the action of bubble collapse, pits can also be formed in other materials such as polymers ( Ref 40 ). Fig. 11 Typical cavitation erosion damage during the incubation period. Damage is characterized by nearly isolated pits. The image results from profilometry measurements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... and fractures and pulverizes the abrasive particles. Hard minerals such as quartz will indent and scratch martensitic steels having yield strengths of 2100 MPa (300 ksi). High-stress abrasion is often referred to as three-body abrasion, although two-body, high-stress conditions can also exist. High-stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... that cut is minimal. This implies a degradation of the abrasive paper; indeed, with use, the silicon carbide (or aluminum oxide) particles fracture, are torn from the paper, or are worn significantly to the point that they become ineffective at cutting. Another requirement of abrasive particles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... to create an impression in a coated substrate or witness coupon. The coating fracture characteristics around the indentation are then used to rate the adhesion of the coating. An additional benefit of this adhesion test is that one can collect an HRC hardness measurement for the coated substrate to evaluate...
Book Chapter

By P.H. Shipway
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... mechanism in continuous billet casting ( Ref 20 .) Fretting occurs in many orthopedic devices ( Ref 21 ), such as fracture fixation devices and modular hip implants, where fretting leads to fatigue and fracture ( Ref 22 , 23 ). Fretting results in disruption of otherwise protective films...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... of visual inspection, because they rely on inspection of the product using visual light, but they require specialized equipment. Such methods include high-resolution and high-speed visual camera systems and laser profilometry. Camera-based systems can capture quantitative dimensional data at high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8