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four-slide machine

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... combine machining operations with swaging operations. The difficulties of attaching terminals and fittings to cables by welding or soldering are often overcome by the use of swaging. Four types of swaged attachments are illustrated in Fig. 26 . The plain ball swaged in position ( Fig. 26a ) will...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Cost per part Product performance These results are affected by four categories of factors. Following is a list of these factors and some of the variables that influence them: Machine tool factors Design: rigidity, precision, dynamic stability Features: controls, power/speed, slide...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... mold at elevated temperatures without deforming the casting. Spinning of the mold is realized by spinners. Horizontal machines of all sizes usually use four trunnion wheel spinners to support and spin the mold. A short horizontal mold can be cantilevered (attached at only one end) and spun with a...
Book Chapter

By Robert Bolin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., radial-axial horizontal rolling machines, four-mandrel mechanical table mills, three-mandrel table mills, and automatic radial-axial multiple-mandrel ring mills. The article provides a discussion on the process control technology and ancillary operations of ring rolling. It describes the methods of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... forming machine, with the punches located on the moving slide (lower left) and the stationary dies (middle) fixed to the bed. Figure 9 provides a closer view of the transfer mechanism, including specialized support fingers used to transfer very short parts (e.g., valve-spring retainers) or stepped parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003973
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... achieve around three to four times higher pressing forces as compared with eccentric presses. Furthermore, the slide speed in the region 30 to 40° above the BDC is appreciably lower. Fig. 12 Knuckle-joint press with bottom drive By inserting an additional joint, the kinematic characteristics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...) clearances in the gibs, (b) parallelism of upper and lower beds, (c) flatness of upper and lower beds, (d) perpendicularity of slide motion with respect to lower bed, and (e) concentricity of tool holders. The machine characteristics influence the tolerances in formed parts. For instance, in backward...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... attention to factors that can be grouped into four categories: Machine tool factors Wheel selection factors Work material factors Operational factors Each of these categories is discussed in detail below. This integrated approach to the grinding process is known as the systems approach...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... This cell consists of a robot and four specially designed grinding wheels. The wheels are hydraulically driven from a central unit. Wheel wear compensation is automatic such that the working point of the wheel is at the exact same location from cycle to cycle. Before entering the cell, castings are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... movement of the slides under operator control. Fig. 2 Principal components of a typical machine for hot upset forging with a vertical four-station die Upset forging machines use three die elements to perform their forging function. Two gripper dies are used (one stationary and one moved by the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the various technology drivers for finishing methods, namely, tolerance, consistency, surface quality, and productivity. Every finishing method may be viewed as a manufacturing system consisting of four input categories: machine tool, processing tool, work...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... mechanical presses that are used for forming sheet. Forging presses are built stronger than presses for forming sheet metal. Forging presses deliver their maximum force within 3.2 mm ( 1 8 in.) of the end of the stroke because maximum pressure is required to form the flash. In addition, the slide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... tool in service depends on proper design of the tool, the accuracy with which the tool is made, selection of the property tool steel, and application of the proper heat treatment. A tool can perform successfully in service only when all four of these requirements have been met...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... nonferrous metals. The article reviews the various types of forming processes such as blanking, piercing, fine-edge blanking, press bending, press forming, forming by multiple-slide machines, deep drawing, stretch forming, spinning, rubber-pad forming, three-roll forming, contour roll forming, drop hammer...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... requiring no or minimal secondary machining are possible. The die has four functions in the die casting process ( Ref 2 ): Provide means for molten metal to enter the cavity and allow gas to escape Hold the metal in the desired shape Provide uniform heat removal for solidification Provide a...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Casting” and “Die Casting Tooling” in this Volume. The functions of the clamp end of the machine include opening and closing the die, developing clamping force, and providing power for sliding cores and for ejecting the casting from the die cavity. The machine must open and close the die on a...
Book Chapter

By H.W. Sizek
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003984
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... with the input and output bar sizes that can be produced. Fig. 2 Four-hammer radial forging machine with mechanical drive. (a) Cross section through forging box. (b) Longitudinal section through forging box. 1, eccentric shaft; 2, sliding block; 3, connecting rod; 4, adjustment housing; 5...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... individual pieces are fed into hand benders, kick presses, power presses equipped with appropriate dies, or coiling devices. For large quantities, the wire is straightened directly from the coil and is fed continuously into power presses, automatic forming or spring-coiling machines, multiple-slide machines...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... four rotating plain external dies. The workpiece and mandrel may be clamped in a stationary position with the dies mounted in a rotating die head, or the dies may be stationary while the work and mandrel rotate. It is necessary to unscrew the part from the mandrel after threading has been completed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... silver-plate on steel. Finishing as a surface generation process is broadly classified into four groups: finish machining, abrasive machining, nonabrasive finishing, and mass finishing. Honing is a low-velocity abrading process that uses bonded abrasive sticks to remove stock...