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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... , 52 , 53 , 54 , 55 , 56 , 57 , 58 , 59 , 60 , 61 , 62 , 63 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 67 ). The cost of corrosion to U.S. fossil power plants in 1998 was estimated to be [dollar]4.6 billion, which was equivalent to [dollar]9 million/GW of installed capacity. Of that, corrosion fatigue (CF...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... processing components, pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, and boilers used in fossil fuel electric power plants. The article provides a brief introduction on corrosion resistance of wrought stainless steel and its designations. It lists the chemical composition and describes the physical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the corrosion mechanisms, challenges, and control methods in service water distribution systems. It provides a discussion on typical designs and water qualities for distribution systems used in fossil-fueled and nuclear power plants. The article also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract Failures in boilers and other equipment taking place in power plants that use steam as the working fluid are discussed in this article. The discussion is mainly concerned with failures in Rankine cycle systems that use fossil fuels as the primary heat source. The general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... the required high-temperature strengths in the early 1960s. The term ferritic steels , as used here, refers to the equilibrium structure. In practice, a martensitic or partially martensitic structure is obtained from heat treating. Currently, the most efficient fossil power plants operate at 24 MPa/600 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., the effect of metallurgical condition, and the environmental variable that affects the corrosion behavior of the metallic materials are discussed. Corrosion in Fossil and Alternative Fuel Industries The three types of fossil fuel power plants primarily used by the electric power industry are coal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fields such as rain erosion of solid materials, gas turbine blades, wind turbine blades, airplane components, and pipe-wall thinning in nuclear/fossil power plants. Because of the fundamental interest in the mechanics of fluids and solids, this topic has been reviewed by Heymann ( Ref 1 ) and Richman...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article addresses the major heat-transfer components of the water-steam loop of a power plant. It describes the various types of condensers, including water-cooled condensers and air-cooled condensers. The article explains the corrosion mechanisms encountered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... be hydrogen, although this can be produced from hydrocarbon fuels by a reformer within the power plant itself. The efficiency of the conversion using this approach is not limited by the thermodynamic Carnot restrictions, and fuel cells have been made to operate at room temperature or temperatures as high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in nominally dry flue gas handling systems are discussed in this section. Dew-point corrosion caused by SO 3 and HCl in fossil-fired power plants and the secondary factors affecting it are thoroughly discussed in Ref 4 , 5 . Many of these cases are also valid for waste incinerators. Nitrate SCC in heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... In these areas, coating systems typically used in fossil-fueled power plants, refineries, and industrial manufacturing facilities are also appropriate for application in nuclear facilities. Protective Coating Strategies in Generation III Plants Nuclear power plants that have come online in the past 30...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... and steels can be applied almost universally. Performing life assessment investigations of nuclear and fossil-fuel power plant equipment established many of the techniques described in this article. Power plants routinely use field metallography to assess the useful life of turbine rotors and blades...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... flushing before being made ready for pouring. The induction plant consists of two 25 ton crucible furnaces with a 16 MW/250 Hz dual-power supply. One furnace works in melting mode while the other is prepared for a new refractory lining with spinel-forming Al 2 O 3 masses after 60 to 80 charges. Shredded...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... intended function safely, reliably, and economically” ( Ref 3 ). With some modifications, the definitions used by Viswanathan and Dooley for fossil-fuel power steam plant components ( Ref 3 ) can be used to define failure and life of components; that is, component life is expended when: Design life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... and Arrowood R.M. Jr. , “Manual for Investigation and Correction of Boiler Tube Failures,” Report CS-3945, Electric Power Research Institute , 1985 8. French D.N. , Metallurgical Failures in Fossil Fired Boilers , Wiley , 1983 9. Port R.D. and Herro H.M. , The NALCO...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in Fossil Fuel Power Plants,” in Corrosion, Volume 13, ASM Handbook, p 985–1010. References References 1. Coal Ash Disposal Manual , EPRI CS-2049, Electric Power Research Institute , Oct 1981 2. Steam: Its Generation and Use , 39th ed. , The Babcock & Wilcox Company , 1978 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... function safely, reliably, and economically” ( Ref 3 ). With some modifications, the definitions used by Viswanathan and Dooley for fossil-fuel power steam plant components ( Ref 3 ) can be used to define failure and life of components; that is, component life is expended when: Design life has...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and economically” ( Ref 2 ). With some modifications, the definitions used in Ref 2 for fossil-power steam plant components can be used to define failure and life of elevated-temperature components; that is, component life is expended when: Design life has elapsed. Calculations predict life exhaustion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...) Tandem operation with power sharing. A converter system supplies two crucible furnaces so that one furnace is in melting mode while the other is in holding mode. This enables the electrical connected load to be utilized to a high degree and provides a continuous supply of molten iron to molding plants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... degradation. Boiling water reactor topics dealing with localized corrosion of zirconium alloy fuel cladding, plus a detailed analysis of the effects of irradiation on corrosion are addressed in other articles in this Section, “Corrosion in the Nuclear Power Industry.” The corrosion of balance-of-plant...