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formability

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Characteristics of stainless steel that affect its formability include yield strength, tensile strength, and ductility, in addition to the effect of work hardening on these properties. This article discusses the forming process of stainless steel, heat-resistant alloys and refractory...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloys, titanium alloys, and platinum metals. It discusses the formability, equipment and tooling, and lubricants used in the forming operations of these nonferrous metals. formability forming equipment forming operations lubricants nonferrous metals tooling ALUMINUM...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... terms as formability, workability, castability, machinability, and weldability are implied by this topic. Whenever possible, product design should incorporate those materials that can be readily fabricated using the desired process(es) without special precautions. Materials that can be fabricated by...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-relaxation testing. Shear testing, torsion testing, and formability testing are also discussed. The discussion of tension testing includes information about stress-strain curves and the properties described by them. compression testing fatigue testing formability testing fracture testing hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... that utilize the beneficial aspects of a negative mean stress on formability, such as extrusion, wire drawing, rolling, or forging. In such cases, the negative mean stress can be treated as a hydrostatic pressure that is imparted by details of the process ( Ref 1 , 2 ). More direct utilization of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and dent resistance. Steel also offers good manufacturability, including formability, weldability, and paintability. Other positive factors include its availability, ferromagnetic properties, recyclability, and cost. Because steel is susceptible to corrosion in the presence of moisture, and to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... formable at room temperature and may crack when cold headed. These metals and alloys are sometimes warm headed (see the section “Warm Heading” in this article). Metal formability is affected by the chemical composition; microstructure; surface condition, including coatings and/or...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cast steel has been used because of its lower price. More recently, these steels have been replaced by killed steels produced by the continuous casting process. This process is inherently suited to the production of killed steels. Where strain aging is to be avoided and/or when exceptional formability...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... chemical composition of a specific HSLA steel may vary for different product thicknesses to meet mechanical property requirements. The HSLA steels have low carbon content (0.05 to ∼0.25% C) in order to produce adequate formability and weldability, and they have manganese content up to 2.0%. Small...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... but relatively low strength in service; other uses where maximum ease of formability is required and where low iron and interstitial content might enhance corrosion resistance. Weldable. Hydrogen embrittlement of titanium can occur in pickling solutions (or other hydrogenating solutions) at room...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Description ASTM grade 1 R50250 … ASTM grade 1 has the highest purity, lowest strength, and best room-temperature ductility of the four ASTM grades of CP titanium. Grade 1 should be used where maximum formability is required or where low iron and interstitials may enhance corrosion resistance. Used in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... rivets 2219 Structural uses at high temperature (to 315 °C, or 600 °F). High-strength weldments 3003 Most popular general-purpose alloy. Stronger than 1100 with same good formability and weldability. For general use including sheet metal work, stampings, fuel tanks, chemical equipment, containers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... containers Cargo and bicycle racks Heating elements Ladders and scaffolds Level bodies Pneumatic cylinders Railcar structures Although the term extrudability (i.e., the material formability under conditions of the extrusion process) does not have a precise physical definition (see...
Book Chapter

By Nabil Zaki
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the formability of the steel after coiling. For components, chromatizing is required; however, best results are achieved on alloys containing 5 to 10% Ni. For alloys in this range of nickel content, corrosion resistance to neutral salt spray reaches 1000 h or more before red rust. An advantage of zinc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...) shear properties of overexpanded core tend to increase over those of hexagonal core of the same density, while the L shear properties decrease slightly. The flex-core configuration offers added formability over other types of honeycomb. It forms easily in both the L and W directions and is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... are a result of thermomechanical processing. Annealing is an essential treatment in the fabrication of metal parts and semiproducts, strongly affecting most of the important materials properties, such as mechanical strength, formability, and anisotropy. In principle, a deformed material is in a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... plentiful element (third most plentiful structural metal) in the earth's crust, offering an almost unlimited supply within chloride sea salts and dolomite mineral deposits. The attractive properties of magnesium alloys include high specific strength, excellent hot formability, high damping capacity and, in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... greater formability. The high solubility of the interstitial elements oxygen and nitrogen makes titanium unique among metals and also creates problems not of concern in most other metals. For example, heating titanium in air at high temperature results not only in oxidation but also in solid-solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... not produce meaningful results. In particular, hot working and superplastic forming processes take advantage of the enhanced strain-rate sensitivity and formability of materials at elevated temperatures. In forging and forming processes, during which a desired shape is imparted to a workpiece...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...; significant variations can occur, depending on the methods used. The characteristics of foundry molds must address four basic requirements: Be formable into the desired shape around some type of pattern Be able to hold that shape while the molten metal is introduced into it Be able to...