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fluidized bed combustion boilers

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... the behavior of corrosion-resistant coatings in boilers. The effects of high-temperature corrosion in waste incinerators are detailed. The article also examines the effects of erosion-corrosion in fluidized bed combustion boilers. erosion corrosion fluidized bed combustion boilers hot corrosion high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to combustion. There are other approaches. The most significant of these is fluidized bed combustion, in which the solid fuel (or, less commonly, liquid fuel) is injected into a bed of particles through which air is blown from beneath; at a certain flow velocity the bed becomes fluidized and behaves like...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of fluidized-bed furnace is the external-resistance-heated system (see the following discussion). Other furnace types include external-combustion-heated fluidized beds, submerged-combustion fluidized beds, internal-combustion gas-fired fluidized beds, and two-stage, internal-combustion gas-fired fluidized beds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... ) SMC Fuel gas, oil, inorganic solid Pyrolysis ( Ref 14 ) Polyurethane foams, ASR Gas, oil, solid waste Hydrolysis ( Ref 10 , 11 ) Foams, RIM resin, and elastomers Monomers of the input material Fluidized bed combustion ( Ref 14 ) RIM Energy recovery, solid and gaseous wastes Rotary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... on control valves ( Ref 3 ) and hot drag chain conveyors. In coal-burning power plants, both in pulverized-coal and fluidized-bed ( Ref 4 ) systems, high-temperature erosion-corrosion can occur on everything from boiler tubes and reheaters to the economizers. Other industries also pay a heavy cost...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... or combustion flame spraying. (c) Testing bond strength of coatings applied by detonation gun process Fig. 13 Effects of (a) time and (b) temperature on the thickness of a silicide coating applied by the fluidized-bed process to Mo-0.5Ti alloy Fig. 5 Rod spray installation Fig. 6...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Actual Fluidized Bed Combustor Environments , Wear , Vol 131 , 1989 , p 85 – 103 13. Levy A. , Solid Particle Erosion and Erosion-Corrosion of Materials , ASM International , 1995 , p 98 – 102 14. Krause H.H. and Wright I.G. , Boiler Tube Failures in Municipal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Bed Boilers , Mater. Perform. , Vol 37 , 1998 , p 38 – 43 15. Rogers P.M. , Hutchings I.M. , Little J.A. , and Kara F. , Microstructural Characterization of Surface Layers Formed on Alloy Steel during Erosion-Oxidation in a Fluidized Bed , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 32...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Fig. 1 Wire-feeding principles and devices Fig. 2 Pressurized volumetric powder feeder Fig. 4 Fluidized-bed powder feeder Fig. 5 Micrograph of irregularly shaped water-atomized powder Fig. 6 Micrograph of spherical gas-atomized powder Fig. 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Gouging Case Study: Failure of Water-Wall Tubes in a Circulating Fluidized-Bed Combustion Boiler due to Caustic Gouging Phosphate Corrosion or Phosphate Hideout Flow-Assisted Corrosion Case Study: Flow-Accelerated Corrosion of an Evaporator Riser Tube Erosion-Corrosion Case Study...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., accelerating admixtures are required to counter the increased settling time and slow early strength development. Fig. 2 Flow chart of the general procedure for the hydrothermal processing of fly ash to make cement. Source: Ref 4 Fly ash from fluidized bed combustion is normally not suitable...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... (poor) Coors 0.25, 1.0 30 × 30 × 46 Multiple Clean (good), alkalis (poor) Radiant tubes INEX … 5–15 OD × 180 long Radiant furnace 1315 2400 Alkalis, HF, HCl 3M … 2.5–20 OD × 2 Radiant furnace 1450 2640 Alkalis, HF, HCl Fluidized beds Aerojet 7 … Aluminum melt furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005977
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... the gas phase before entering the fluidized bed or by combustion in the fluidized bed. Temperature can be automatically controlled within ±3 °C (±5.5 °F). The resulting system shows the outstanding property of homogeneity in temperature and composition, much like a molten salt bath but without...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... is being filled, the coarse particles are driven into the bed, while the fine particles remain fluidized near the surface. Fluidization segregation is also likely to occur when bins are filled/discharged at high rates or if gas counterflow is present. Fluidization often develops in materials that contain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... oil, and (c) 20% of water/crude oil at impact angle 90°. Source: Ref 145 Fig. 19 Typical observed temperatures for maximum E-C rates of selected materials. (a) Fluidized bed combustion E-C of untempered martensitic type 401 stainless steel with 80-mesh alumina as a function of abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...) Frequency Fig. 16 Powder-feeding system: gravity- and vibration- based system Fig. 17 Powder-feeding systems: rotating-wheel system and rotating-disc system Fig. 18 Powder-feeding system: fluidized-bed feeder Fig. 19 Powder-feeding system: vibrating spiral feeder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of statistics on pressure vessel failures, compiled from 1981 through 1984 by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors Table 1 Summary of statistics on pressure vessel failures, compiled from 1981 through 1984 by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors Initial...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... States, the American National Standards Institute/American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ANSI/ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, section VIII, which covers unfired pressure vessels, is used by most industries and fabricators. It is usually mandatory that the code be followed in process...