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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Fig. 1 Stoppage of metal flow. (a) Pinching of metal flow in a skin-freezing alloy with a narrow freezing range. (b) Choking of flow at the leading tip in an alloy with a long freezing range. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 2 Influence of alloy composition on fluidity in lead-tin alloys. Source...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... aging characteristics for aluminum alloy 296.0-T6, permanent mold. Source: Ref 4 Abstract Abstract Alloy 296.0 is an aluminum permanent-mold casting alloy with higher silicon than 295.0, which reduces shrinkage and improves fluidity. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... 8 Carbon-silicon isotherms for CO pressures of 1.5, 1.75, and 2 atm Fig. 6 Free reaction enthalpy of a number of oxides dependent on temperature for the reference basis pure substances in accordance with Ref 4 Fig. 3 Fluidity versus degree of superheat for four gray irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Fig. 1 Schematic showing stoppage of metal flow. (a) Pinching of metal flow in a skin-freezing alloy with a narrow freezing range. (b) Choking of flow at the leading tip in an alloy with a wide freezing range. Adapted from Ref 1 Fig. 2 Fluidity spiral for cast alloys. Adapted from...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article begins with an overview of classes and applications of gray iron. It discusses the castability of gray iron in terms of section sensitivity and fluidity. The article provides information on the dimensions of prevailing sections recommended for gray irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... in greater fluidity of the molten pool. This article schematically illustrates the keyhole instability in LBW and describes the process details of LSW. Representative macrographs of butt, lap, and fillet welds produced using the LBW and LSW processes are presented. The article discusses the laser welding...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... are detailed. Castability of Steel Castability of an alloy is influenced by four parameters: Liquid metal fluid life (typically compared as fluidity from spiral tests) Solidification shrinkage Slag/dross formation tendency Pouring temperature These parameters may be interrelated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Typical stress-strain curves for three classes of gray iron in tension Fig. 1 Fluidity versus degree of superheat for four gray irons of different carbon contents Fig. 5 Effect of section size on tensile strength of specimens cast from five classes of gray iron Fig. 6...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of resistance to hot cracking, fluidity, and shrinkage tendency. Casting alloy type Applications Castability Machinability Weldability Aluminum Pistons, clutch housings, exhaust manifolds 1–2 1–2 3 Copper Pumps, valves, marine propellors 1–3 1–2 3 Gray iron Engine blocks, gears...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... In stir-mixed slurries of melts and reinforcements, it is important to retain adequate enough fluidity in the melts to make sound castings. Generally, the fluidity of alloys decreases with increasing additions of reinforcements, and this can require changes in mold design. Reciprocal relationships between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Characteristic 201.0 206.0 208.0 Resistance to hot cracking Fair Fair Very good Pressure tightness Good Good Very good Fluidity Good Good Very good Resistance to solidification shrinkage Fair Fair Very good High-temperature strength Excellent Excellent Good...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of reinforcements, such as SiC, graphite, SiO 2 , Al 2 O 3 , Si 3 N 4 , and ZrSiO 4 , have been added as reinforcements. The study of cast composites has added considerable understanding to the solidification of conventional monolithic castings, especially issues related to the effects of inclusions on the fluidity...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... is discussed in the subsection “Control of Solidification” in this article. Compositions Castability should not be confused with fluidity, which is only a measure of the distance to which a metal will flow before solidifying. Fluidity is thus one factor determining the ability of a molten alloy...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 1990 Workability Formability Fluidity Shrinkage Resistance to Hot Cracking Mechanical Properties Materials Properties Manufacturing Process Considerations Fabricability Other Major Factors in Materials Selection Material Factors Shape Factors Process Factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... classified as die-casting alloys; however, they can also be used for sand and permanent-mold castings. The high-silicon content (12%) lowers the melting temperature and increases fluidity, thus improving castability. They are used for intricate thin-walled castings requiring pressure tightness, toughness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... characteristics that promotes accurate and sound castings. The factors that influence castability are fluidity, shrinkage, and resistance to hot cracking. Fluidity Shrinkage Resistance to hot Cracking The chief material property influencing the processing of a polymer is its viscosity. Viscosity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and weldability for aluminum casting alloys 1, best; 5, worst. Individual alloys may have different ratings for other casting processes. Alloy Resistance to hot cracking (a) Pressure tightness Fluidity (b) Shrinkage tendency (c) Corrosion resistance (d) Machinability (e) Weldability (f...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... and its derivatives processes, such as semisolid metalcasting (thixocasting), slurry-on-demand (rheocasting), and squeeze casting. Fluidity in die casting is somewhat lower than Silafont-36 (alloy 365.0), due to its lower silicon content. However, the tendency for shrinkage formation is reduced...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... prevent contamination of the casting by mold ( Ref 3 , 4 ). To minimize the contamination of the zirconium, investment casting includes controlling the ash content of the pattern wax. Because of its high melting point, the fluidity of the molten zirconium is relatively poor. Poor fluidity can cause...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... on process requirements is conventional high-pressure die casting, in which more than the usual measures of castability apply. The process demands a high level of fluidity, hot strength, hot tear resistance, and die soldering resistance. Material constraints that formerly limited the design engineer's...