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flue gas desulfurization

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Nominal chemical compositions of metals considered for flue gas desulfurization service Table 1 Nominal chemical compositions of metals considered for flue gas desulfurization service Common name UNS No. Composition, wt% Cr Ni Mo Fe Co W Cu C Other 316L S31603 17 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Compositions of some alloys used in flue gas desulfurization systems Table 1 Compositions of some alloys used in flue gas desulfurization systems Alloy UNS No. Composition (a) , % C Fe Ni Cr Mo Mn Others 304L S30403 0.03 max bal 10.0 19.0 … 2.0 max 0.045 max P...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... it are thoroughly discussed in Ref 4 , 5 . Many of these cases are also valid for waste incinerators. Nitrate SCC in heat-recovery steam generators (HRSGs) is a more recent problem area ( Ref 6 , 7 ). Problems in wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems are covered in the article “Corrosion of Flue Gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... applications include carbon steel heat-exchanger tubes used in sulfuric acid plants, low-alloy steel pipes and fittings used in petroleum refinery heaters, type 304 stainless steel vessels used in flue gas desulfurization systems, and HK or HP cast tubing for ethylene pyrolysis units. Siliconizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... on the reliability of the power plant. Corrosion of tubular components, for example, in condensers and boilers, appears to be the major challenge. Also discussed in this Section are flue gas systems, especially the wet flue gas desulfurization systems. These are strongly affected by corrosion because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... ), tanks, ducts, and stacks ( Fig. 8 ) to protect critical flue gas desulfurization equipment. The waste-treatment industry uses these systems for storage and neutralization tanks ( Fig. 9 ), unloading areas, and secondary containment basins. Chlorine producers use flake-reinforced linings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... 13. “Test Method for Rubber Property-Durometer Hardness,” D 2240, ASTM Selected References Selected References • Fenner J. , Rubber Linings as Surface Protection in Flue Gas Desulfurization Plants , Mater. Perform. , April 1997 • Mehra L. , Polski E...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Ferric chloride storage and transportation Flue gas desulfurization scrubber towers, piping, and limestone slurry tanks Sulfuric acid storage up to 50% concentration Open-top storage tanks that require good weather resistance Aqueous HCl less than 24% concentration No resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... This assumption is mistaken. The grease will react with the HNO 3 to form gas bubbles, which collect on the surface of the workpiece and interfere with passivation. Also, contamination of the passivating solution (particularly with high levels of chlorides) can cause flash attack, which results in a gray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of the coating is governed by the number of spray passes. Rubber, in the form of prefabricated sheets, has been used successfully as a lining material in a variety of immersion environments such as storage tanks, flue gas desulfurization units, chemical scrubbers, pipelines, valves, and pumps. Because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of solid-particle impingement and corrosion from the sand-containing slurry. Figure 2(b) illustrates erosion-corrosion of a pump liner operating in a flue gas desulfurization application. Erosion-corrosion of cyclones used for separating solid particles from slurry is another example. During the process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... relatively new uses for titanium alloys are in flue gas desulfurization (FGD) units used to scrub emissions from coal-fired power plants, and as canisters to contain low-level radioactive waste such as spent fuels from nuclear power plants. These applications are discussed in the articles “Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... (particularly for nonmagnetic hulls of submarines and mine countermeasure vessels); and for equipment in the petroleum, chemical, aerospace, power, and process industries. Environmental initiatives, such as flue gas desulfurization in the power industry and the adoption of closed-loop (zero discharge) processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... stability (that is, resistance to intermetallic compound formation). An example of an alloy C-type application is in the lining of inlet and outlet ducts that are associated with the flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems being installed by electric power utility companies. Hastelloy alloy B-2 is unique...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... in the bath can be maintained and monitored with a flue gas analyzing device ( Ref 14 , 15 ). Pollution control for carbon monoxide (CO) and dust is also incorporated into the system. Figures 8 and 11 show the relationship among CO partial pressure, gas blow rates, and carbon and chromium oxidation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... steel pipes and fittings used in petroleum refinery heaters, type 304 stainless steel vessels used in flue gas desulfurization systems, and HK or HP cast tubing for ethylene pyrolysis units. Pack compositions, process temperatures and process times depend on the type of base material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.9781627081610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... of molybdenum and copper. It has good weldability and resistance to intergranular corrosion in the welded condition. The low carbon content helps prevent sensitization and consequent intergranular corrosion of weld heat-affected zones. Used for flue gas scrubbers and for handling phosphoric and sulfuric acids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...) Heating, holding, and cooling zones. Source: Ref 24 Abstract Abstract This article describes ironmaking and steelmaking practices (melt or liquid processing, including hot metal desulfurization) and discusses the evolution of these processes and their effects on steel properties. The physical...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... walls of the furnace and is open at the top, with a lifting bale that folds back or is removable from two trunions. The bottom f the charge bucket can be designed to drop the charge in one of several ways: Preheating scrap with natural gas or flue gases helps reduce the electrical cost of melting...