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flat metal sheet

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... H.L. Gegel, American Society for Metals, 1983, p 249–276. The authors gratefully acknowledge the contribution of S.L. Semiatin in Flat, Bar, and Shape Rolling in ASM Handbook , Vol 14, Forming and Forging , 1988, p 343–360. This is the case with strip, sheet, or foil rolling where the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... used successfully. A BLANK is a shape cut from flat or performed stock. Ordinarily, a blank serves as a starting workpiece for a formed part; less often, it is the end product. This article will discuss the production of blanks from low-carbon steel (such as 1008 and 1010) sheet and strip in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... plate. Most cold-rolled low-carbon steel sheet is available in two classes ( Table 2(a) ). Class 1 (temper rolled) is intended for applications where surface appearance is important and where specified surface and flatness requirements must be met. Class 2 is a product intended for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... and Profs. G. Gottstein, R. Kopp, K. Marthinsen, E. Nes, and P. Van Houtte for many valuable discussions. Early efforts in sheet process development were of a purely empirical nature. The production methods of flat sheets by rolling were experimentally developed in the plants and — after testing of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... technological modeling tests conducted to allow the transferability of the results to industry and real-world applications ( Ref 74 ). Investigations of sheet metal forming ( Ref 146 ) have shown that the critical contact pressure at which severe adhesive wear in the form of galling occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... article also provides formulas for flat rolling, conical-die extrusion, wire drawing, deep drawing of cups from sheet metal, and bending, and formulas for anisotropic sheet materials. bending conical-die extrusion deep drawing flat rolling sheet metal forming strain strain rate stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the operating principles, types, and applications of shearing and slitting of different forms of steel, including plates, flat sheets, bars, coiled sheet and strips. In addition, it provides a detailed account of the cutting methods such as oxyfuel gas cutting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the classification, characteristics and temper designations of wrought aluminum alloys. Wrought aluminum products are available as flat-rolled products such as sheets, plates, and foils; rods, bars, and wires; tubular products such as tubes and pipes; extruded...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... (heating, cooling, downstream sizing, corrugating, and crossheading) of the screw, the most important component of any extruder. It discusses the shapes produced by screw extrusion and the types of extrusion products produced by extrusion processes, including blown-film extrusion, flat-film or sheet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... generally denotes cold forming of plate, sheet, bars, beams, pipe, or angular cross section lengths into selected shapes by passing the metal workpiece between three correctly spaced rolls ( Ref 1 , 5 ). The roll forming process employs pairs of small opposed rollers to shape a cylindrical workpiece into a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... bronze) 86.0 (g) min to 89.0 max 0.09 max 0.40 max 7.5–8.5 1.0–5.0 0.05 max 0.01–0.65 S; 1.0 max Ni; 0.20 max Mn; 0.10–1.5 Sb; 0.10 max B; 0.10 max C; 0.10 max Ti; 0.10 max Zr C90500 Gun metal 86.0 min to 89.0 (b) (h) max 0.30 max 0.20 max 9.0–11.0 1.0–3.0 0.05 (d) max 0.05 max S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... thickness of the plate may result in cracking of the metal. Belt grinding is commonly used to produce uniform surface finishes on both flat and round mill products of molybdenum and tungsten. The choice of equipment and abrasive are dictated in part by the equipment available and in part by the finish...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... extruded into a thin sheet, which is cooled and crushed. The chips are pulverized to a fine powder of carefully controlled particle size, ensuring optimum fluidity and efficient flow through the finishing system. For more information on powder painting, see the section on methods of paint application in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... section thickness (plate, rod/bar, and tube). Table 8 Typical stress-relieving temperatures for wrought brasses Alloy UNS No. Name Sheet and strip Rod and wire Tube Flat products Parts Rod Wire Parts Tube Parts °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F C21000...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) 1 2 –2 1 4 –2 1 2 –2 1 4 –2 (a) Removing cutting oils and chips from machined surfaces, shop dirt and oil from sheet metals, and drawing compounds from automotive trim. (b) Removing embedded buffing compounds, impregnated carbonized oils from cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... status and results of a processing run. The precision control requirements in a vacuum furnace are very well suited to a precision electronic chart recorder, either external to the process controller or integrated within it. Chart recorders configured with multiple sheets and multiple selectable pens to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... limits suggested by forging producers and users covering minimum web thicknesses that are producible are helpful in estimating the producibility of a given web thickness in projected-forging design. The article briefly analyzes the web designs of several forgings, including designs for producing flat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... recommended as a guide to ensure adequate flatness, rigidity, and sag resistance. Table 9 Suggested sizes of steel sheet for adequate flatness, rigidity, and sag resistance Sheet width Maximum total area mm in. m 2 ft 2 24-gage sheet 150 6 0.05 1 2 305 12 0.3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... flatness Skin passing to make the surface smoother and to minimize yield-point behavior Overaging heat treatment to improve mechanical properties Slitting to narrower widths, shearing to produce cut lengths of sheet, and side trimming to remove nonuniform edges Chromate passivating to provide...