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flank wear

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Tool wear mechanisms. (a) Crater wear on a cemented carbide tool produced during the machining of plain carbon steel. (b) Abrasive wear on the flank face of a cemented carbide tool produced during the machining of gray cast iron. (c) Builtup edge produced during low-speed machining of a nickel-base...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... between the tool and work, producing flank wear. Lastly, the cutting edge radius has increased. Figure 3 shows the characteristic wear surfaces on a turning tool insert, end mill, form tool, and drill. The cutting edge view shown in Fig. 1 and 2 is identified as section A—A in Fig. 3 . Fig. 2...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... adaptive control. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 15 Estimated versus measured flank wear in turning. Estimated values were obtained from force measurement. Source: Ref 16 Fig. 16 Actual flank wear versus estimated flank wear in four separate tests with varying depths-of-cut. Straight line...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... speed combinations (below the boundary, marked as a circle) from unstable pairs (above, marked as a square). Fig. 21 Flank wear width vs. volume of material removed for all five turning test conditions including repeats at conditions 1 and 3 Fig. 22 Contour plot for the cost per part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.../rev; depth of cut = 0.5 mm. Criteria: V b = 0.25 mm, dry. Tool: PVD-TiN coated Influence of liquid coolant and oil impregnation on flank wear Table 1 Influence of liquid coolant and oil impregnation on flank wear Material Composition Flank wear, mm Oil impregnated Cutting fluid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... graphite iron (GJS-500-7 and GJS-600-3) and solution-strengthened spheroidal graphite iron (GJS-500-14 and GJS-600-10). Machining was done at a cutting speed of 240 m/min (790 ft/min) until 0.2 mm (0.008 in.) flank wear. Source: Ref 22 Fig. 27 Hot hardness of tool materials. PCD...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... produced a wear scar called crater wear. Along the clearance surface, the tool motion and high normal stress have increased the area of contact between the tool and work, producing flank wear. Lastly, the cutting edge radius has increased. Figure 6 shows the characteristic wear surfaces on a turning tool...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... 0.38 0.015 9 0.50 0.020 Note: Tool life criteria for carbide tools: 0.380 mm (0.015 in.) flank/nose wear, 0.13 mm (0.005 in.) crater, chipping, or breaking of the cutting edge, whichever occurs first Machinability rating inconsistencies Table 2 Machinability rating inconsistencies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Inverse Testing Methods for Flow Stress/Constitutive Behavior In metal cutting, the primary friction force is tangent to the rake face. There is a small secondary friction force acting on the flank wear land. The vast majority of research has been devoted to understanding rake-face friction behavior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... of flank wear on punch-to-die clearance in cutting of steel blanks Abstract Abstract Shearing is a process of cutting flat product with blades, rotary cutters, or with the aid of a blanking or punching die. This article commences with a description of some wear and material factors for tools used...
Book Chapter

By Walter W. Gruss
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... the binder phase diffuses into the carbide phase and improves wettability by means of the metal binder. The abrasion resistance of such a composition varies with the sintering temperature ( Fig. 2 ). Fig. 1 Schematic of cermet microstructure Fig. 2 Flank wear of titanium carbide cermet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... are performed to evaluate the durability of gears under load. Gear tooth failures occur in two distinct regions, namely, the tooth flank and the root fillet. This article describes the common failure modes such as scoring, wear, and pitting, on tooth flanks. Failures in root fillets are primarily due to bending...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... 3 , and TiN. The range of hardness of WC-Co alloys is also shown. Fig. 20 Tool life diagrams of coated inserts. Tool life is based on a 0.25 mm (0.01 in.) flank wear criterion. (a) Turning 1045 steel with a 2.5 mm (0.1 in.) depth of cut and a 0.40 mm/rev (0.016 in./rev) feed rate. (b...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... PCBN cutting edge after machining 2600 gray cast iron engine block bores Fig. 16 Effect of coolant on the flank wear of PCBN tools after 20 min of cutting. Machining parameters: cutting speed = 50 m/min (165 sfm); feed rate = 0.7 mm/rev (0.028 in./rev); depth of cut = 8 mm (0.315...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Alloy grade Austenitizing temperature Hardness, HRC Tool life, minutes to 0.038 mm (0.015 in.) flank wear °C °F Intermittent cut on H13 steel at 33 HRC Continuous cut on H13 steel at 33 HRC Continuous cut on P/M René 95 at 33 HRC CPM Rex 20 1190 2175 67.5 8.5 14 31 CPM M42 1190...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
..., depending on the metallurgical processing ( Ref 18 ). The carbide inclusions make them abrasive as well. Normal flank wear is typical of the tool wear seen, even when using the proper tool and cutting parameters, when machining uranium. The cutting edge will appear to be mechanically worn, not chipped...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... Tool life is based on a 0.25 mm (0.01 in.) flank wear criterion. (a) Turning 1045 steel with a 2.5 mm (0.1 in.) depth of cut and a 0.40 mm/rev (0.016 in./rev) feed rate. (b) Turning SAE G4000 gray cast iron with a 2.5 mm (0.1 in.) depth of cut and a 0.25 mm/rev (0.01 in./rev) feed rate. Source: Ref 25...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... with tool wear. Excessively worn cutting tools ( Fig. 1a ) ( Ref 2 ) that reach their end-of-life criteria damage the workpiece enough to fail inspection or deform or fracture it in production. Excessive flank and secondary groove/inner chip notch (corner radius) wear leave tears, voids, pits, burrs...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... of resulfurized free-machining steel. The tool life, as measured by flank wear, was longer while turning UNS G11460 grade steel modified with a calcium deoxidation plus niobium grain control practice than the same grade of steel with an aluminum deoxidation practice ( Fig. 22 ). Hardened high-carbon steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of selectively hardening portions of a gear such as the flanks, roots, and/or tips of teeth with desired hardness, wearing resistance, and contact fatigue strength without affecting the metallurgy of the core. This article provides an overview of gear technology and materials selection. It describes different...