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flammability

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Flammability is the ability of a material to undergo easy ignition and rapid flaming combustion. This article provides information on flammability tests of polymers and codes and regulations that cite these tests. Many organizations are involved in the characterization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract A material is flammable if it is subject to easy ignition and rapidly flaming combustion. The plastics that are most widely used are the least expensive and tend to be the most flammable. This article describes the two basic approaches to improving the fire resistance of a polymeric...
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 13 Polymer flammability cycle. Adapted from Ref 135 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., dissociated ammonia, dissociated alcohols, and nitrogen base) normally consist of a mixture of gases, which can be flammable, toxic, asphyxiant, or a combination of these. Explosion, fire, poisoning, and asphyxiation are potential hazards associated with these atmospheres. Reference 1 provides the latest...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Steel storage tanks are the primary means for storing large volumes of liquids and gaseous products. The stored fluid could be water, but it could also be volatile, corrosive, and flammable fluid requiring special precautions for storage as well. Corrosion is generally worst where...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0005650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... membranes.” (a) A chemical that poses a physical hazard can be “a combustible liquid, a compressed gas, explosive, flammable, an organic peroxide, an oxidizer, pyrophoric, unstable (reactive), or water-reactive”(a). Storage requirements will differ depending on the hazard presented by the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Hazards in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres” NFPA 53 “Non-Flammable Medical Gas Systems” NFPA 56F “Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases” ANSI/NFPA 58 “Scheme for Identification of Piping” ANSI A13.1 American National Standards Institute 25 West 43rd St., 4th floor...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Thermogravimetric analysis (stability temperature) Temperature allowed on all standard loads Flammability resistance EMI/RFI protection EMI/RFI, electromagnetic interference/radio-frequency interference The following general statements on material properties versus temperature represent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Before using any chemicals, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) should be reviewed. Description Formula Hazards Remarks Acetic acid ≤96% CH 3 COOH Corrosive, slightly flammable Liquid: colorless aqueous solution, pungent smell, reacts violently with alkaline solutions; very...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., wood, paper, textiles, plastics, chemicals, and flammable liquids and gases. Outdoors, the most common combustibles are dry grass and brush. The best protection against fire is to perform welding and cutting in specially designated areas or enclosures of noncombustible construction that are kept...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (stability temperature) Temperature allowed on all standard loads Flammability resistance EMI/RFI protection EMI/RFI, electromagnetic interference/radio-frequency interference The following general statements on material properties versus temperature represent guidelines for composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... addresses physical hazards, such as flammability and the potential for explosion, as well as acute and chronic health hazards. The “Hazard Communication Standard” requires that l chemicals produced, imported, or used in U.S. workplaces be evaluated and that hazard information be transmitted to affected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006960
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
.... Use proper PPE. Recommended emergency responses—fire Materials used in this process, both the resin and the solvents, can be flammable. Use suitable class B extinguisher (see exact material SDS for more details). Foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide, water spray, sand Recommended...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Flammable limits in air (by volume), = 2.5–81 4–75 5.3–15 2.4–11.7 2.2–9.5 2.0–10.3 5.3–14 Source: Ref 1 Summary of shielding gases and mixtures and their use Table 2 Summary of shielding gases and mixtures and their use Shielding gas Gas reaction GMAW and FCAW (a) GTAW...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... (800 °F) are possible. Most of the systems also are suitable for low-temperature environments. The flammability of materials used in bonded sandwich panels can be another important consideration. Materials are grouped into one of three categories: materials that will not burn to any degree; self...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and ultrasound are used to speed cleaning and assist in the removal of insoluble matter. Increasing the solvent temperature will increase its solvency, but this option is infrequently used. Elevated temperatures can significantly increase the fire hazard of flammable solvents, and control of worker vapor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... furnace, only with a few differences. The first difference is that the electric furnace uses air instead of a flammable gas. A recirculating convection heating system forces pressurized air into the work chamber. The pressurized air is heated using a heating element in the heating chamber, and this air...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... as flammable. Included in this percentage is a practical safety margin that should never be ignored. The combustible gases H 2 , CO, CH 4 , and other hydrocarbon fuel gases should never be admitted to a furnace chamber at temperatures below 760 °C (1400 °F) without proper inert gas purging (in accordance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... contact, National Sanitation Foundation and Canadian Standards Association for potable water applications, and Underwriters's Laboratories (UL) ratings for flammability and electrical properties. Special grades are also available with U.S. Department of Agriculture approval for direct contact with meat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... resistance, heat resistance to very high temperatures Aramid fiber: Flammability resistance, fire retardance, good insulating properties, low dielectric properties, good formability Fiberglass: Tailorable shear properties by lay-up, low dielectric properties, good insulating properties, good...