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flame-retardant polyester resin

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Book Chapter

By Tim Pepper
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and electrical properties, thermal and oxidative stability, and chemical and ultraviolet (UV) resistance of polyester resins. It concludes with a discussion on the flame-retardant polyester resins. unsaturated polyester resins isophthalic resins bisphenol A fumarate resins chlorendic resins vinyl ester...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and dicyandiamides. Other curatives include polyester co-polymers, phenolic co-polymers, melamine and urea formaldehyde co-polymer resins, phosphate flame retardants, ultraviolet and electron beam curing of epoxy resins, Mannich bases, Mannich-based adducts, and anhydrides. The article concludes by discussing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... alumina compounds normally satisfy most UL requirements, but more stringent flammability classifications necessitate the use of flame retardant additives. These additives are used in conjunction with hydrated alumina fillers and halogenated polyester resins to provide maximum retardancy performance. Flame...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...) as well as excellent chemical resistance can be obtained. Diepoxide resins based on tetrabromobisphenol A can be used to formulate flame-retardant vinyl ester resins. Vinyl Ester Resins Overview Vinyl esters are markedly more expensive than conventional unsaturated polyester resins due to the epoxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., meeting the class 1 flame-spread requirement of ASTM E 84 ( Ref 17 ) without the use of fire-retardant fillers ( Ref 15 , 16 , 18 ). Halogenated (brominated or chlorinated) thermosetting resins can meet a class 1 flame-spread rating in accordance with ASTM E 84 when antimony trioxide or pentoxide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... with polyester resins developed for SMC low-shrink and low-profile systems. Among those in use are acrylics, polyvinyl acetate, styrene copolymers, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), PVC copolymers, cellulose acetate butyrate, polycaprolactones, thermoplastic polyester, and polyethylene powder. Flame Retardants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The use of phenolic resins in glass and carbon fiber composites is growing, primarily due to their low flame spread, low smoke generation, and low smoke toxicity properties ( Ref 2 , 3 ), which are achieved without the use of mineral fillers or fire retardant additives ( Fig. 1 and Tables 1 and 2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Epoxy is used whenever the best structural performance is required, and polyimide is used when higher-temperature performance is a criterion. Phenolics are used for their good heat resistance and flame retardancy. Polyester is used in electrical applications that require high arc track resistance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... that decrease static charge development and microbial activity and those that improve flame retardation characteristics, color, light stability, impact resistance, density and mechanical properties. This article focuses on the additives for polymers and elastomers that are used for improving processing--blowing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on fiberglass reinforced polyester resin. When better corrosion resistance is required, vinyl ester resins are used and represent the next largest product segment. Both of these resin types are also available as flame-retardant versions. When a combination of superior mechanical and electrical properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Diallyl phthalate molding compounds are classified under military specification MIL-M-14H and categorized by the properties specific to aparticular compound. For example, Type SDG-F refers to a short glass fiber-filled flame-retardant compound that exhibits high dielectric strength, low shrinkage, good...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... these systems competitive with polyesters in many applications. Developmental work has been reported on phenolic resins that are suitable for pultrusion but are far from commercialization. These systems will reportedly offer the high heat resistance and flame-retardant/low-smoke characteristic of phenolics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Flame-retardant polyester … 61 8.9 60.0 280 40 101 14.7 3 0.38 48 0.9 100 14.5 30 131 19 3.0 1100 160 176 25.5 9 1.30 69 1.3 124 18.0 Nylon 6 … 81 11.8 200.0 280 40 103 15.0 3 0.40 53 1.0 90 13.0 20 128 18.5 3.0 690 100 159 23.0 6 0.80 80 1.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... provide flame retardancy and plasticization behavior Polyvinyl chloride Polyphenylene oxide/high-impact polystyrene Nylon Polyester Phosphite oxide derivative Phosphite oxide diols More thermally and hydrolytically stable than phosphate ester Usually more expensive than other flame retardants Epoxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., and flame-retardant characteristics. Reinforcing-fiber characteristics such as density; fiber diameter, strength, and modulus; fiber filament bundle size; and woven-fiber fabric type or chopped-fiber form are initially optimized approximately by the “rule of mixtures” to help meet the composite...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Triethanolamine Vinyl methacrylate Water Xylene Zinc chloride The maximum use temperature for PTFE in continuous service is 260 °C (500 °F). When exposed to flame, PTFE will burn, but it does not continue to burn when the flame is removed because it has an exceptionally high limiting oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of the powder, for which the main method is by electrostatic spray. Other processes are used, but they are far less common. They include fluidized-bed dipping, flame spraying, spraying with a plasma gun, airless hot spray, and coating by electrophoretic deposition. The overall process includes pretreatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., polysulfides, and dienes Flame retardants, such as halogenated resins with cobalts, phosphates, and other inorganic materials Color agents, such as pigments and dyes Toughening agents such as thermoplastic particles Mixed Resin System Tests After the components are mixed, tests are performed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... as density, wear resistance, color, ductility, flame-smoke retardation, moisture resistance, lubricity, and dimensional stability. The components added to the resin matrix will also change the cost per pound, the softening and gelation of the final cure process and a change of the service temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... (a) (a) Thermoset resins Amino (melamine-formaldehyde) None (b) None (b) … … Bismaleimide 230–345 (c) 450–650 (c) … … Epoxy 60–175 140–350 … … Phenolic 300 570 … … Polyester 110 230 … … Polyimide 315–370 (c) 600–700 (c) … … Polyurethane (cast) 135 275...