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flame cutting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... their superior bond strength, which results from exothermic reactions that occur within or on the surface of the powders as they pass through the plasma spray flame. Some diffusion also results in the substrate (in the absence of heat), further improving the overall coating bond strength. These...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... penetrant inspection, pressure testing, radiographic inspection, magnetic particle inspection, and ultrasonic inspection. castings blast cleaning cleaning finishing flame cutting grinding radiographic inspection inspection liquid penetrant inspection magnetic particle inspection ultrasonic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... forging operations Localized overheating (or, at worst, surface melting), with consequent grain growth, brittleness, and greater hazard of cracking Scale (adherent) (a) Rolling or forging; prior heat treatment; flame cutting Insulating action against heating, with resulting underheated areas and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001483
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of cutting processes that use controlled chemical reactions to remove preheated metal by rapid oxidation in a stream of pure oxygen. A fuel gas/oxygen flame heats the workpiece to ignition temperature, and a stream of pure oxygen feeds the cutting (oxidizing) action. The OFC process, which is also...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... a straight knife OXYFUEL GAS CUTTING (OFC) includes a group of cutting processes that use controlled chemical reactions to remove preheated metal by rapid oxidation in a stream of pure oxygen. A fuel gas/oxygen flame heats the workpiece to ignition temperature, and a stream of pure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... reactions to remove preheated metal by rapid oxidation in a stream of pure oxygen. A fuel gas/oxygen flame heats the workpiece to ignition temperature, and a stream of pure oxygen feeds the cutting (oxidizing) action. The OFC process, which is also referred to as burning or flame cutting, can cut carbon and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... stainless steel, cast iron, and nonferrous metals in mills, foundries, and fabricating shops. Equipment for such cutting is somewhat awkward, and speeds are lower than those of some arc cutting processes. Various gas cutting processes have been known as flame cutting, burning, oxyfuel gas cutting, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., air quality, line voltage fluctuations, and operator experience may also affect system performance. Fig. 2 Comparison of oxyfuel gas cutting and PAC of plain carbon steel Table 1 Comparison of oxyfuel gas and PAC processes   Oxyfuel Plasma arc Flame temperature 3040 °C...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Other concerns that are neither benefits nor problems also need to be described. When using abrasive water-jet cutting, the jet stream tends to angle away from the direction of the cutting, similar to flame and laser cutting. This “trailback” effect becomes more pronounced as the thickness of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...: Safety is increased in an already hazardous atmosphere, particularly in comparison to flame and/or plasma cutting torches. Because there is no heat buildup with abrasive waterjet cutting, fire hazards are eliminated. There is no radiation emission or danger from flying slag particles. Airborne dust is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...-spatial-definition derivatives from traditional thermal-cutting processes, such as plasma torches and flame torch cutting; all of these thermal-cutting processes consist of inputting heat on a workpiece faster than it can dissipate away through conduction, convection, and radiative heat transfer. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... , Horn Van , Ed, American Society for Metals , 1967 , p 575 – 586 [title page footnote[F2] 4. Subramanian K. , Finishing Methods Using Multipoint or Random Cutting Edges , Surface Engineering , Vol 5 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1994 , p 90 – 109 [F1] 5. Machining...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article discusses the different classes of gears, namely, spur, helical, herringbone, crossed-axes helical, worm, internal, rack, bevel, or face-type. It describes the methods used to cut the teeth of gears other than bevel gears: milling, broaching, shear cutting, hobbing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Cutting . In most welding, cutting, and allied processes, a high-temperature heat source is present. Open flames, electric arcs, hot metal, sparks, and spatter are ready sources of ignition. Many fires are started by sparks, which can travel horizontally up to 10 m (35 ft) from their source and fall...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... and cutting performance. Two families of coatings have evolved for use at higher temperature: flame (combustion)-sprayed abradable powders and atmospheric-plasma-sprayed abradable powders. A distinct feature of MCrAlY alloys such as CoNiCrAlY (cobalt-nickel-chromium-aluminum-yttrium) matrix within...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (ZrO 2 ) 2710±110 4910±200 (a) Decomposes Table 5 Physical properties of alumina and zirconia flame sprayed from rod Coating Bulk density Porosity, % Color Typical compressive strength Thermal expansion (a) Thermal conductivity (b) g/cm 3 lb/in. 3 MPa ksi μm/m·K...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... a track at a regulated speed (flame-cutting machines are adaptable to this type of flame hardening). The spinning method ( Fig. 6 ) is applied to round or semiround parts, such as wheels, cams, or gears. In its simplest form, the method uses a mechanism for rotating or spinning the workpiece, in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... implantation and laser surface processing. Surface hardening techniques, namely, nitriding, carburizing, boriding, and flame hardening, performed to improve the resistance of stainless steel alloys are also reviewed. acid cleaning acid descaling alkaline cleaning boriding buffing carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., mechanical, chemical, and electrochemical and their effectiveness and applicability. The mechanical cleaning methods include grinding, brushing, steam or flame jet cleaning, abrasive blasting, and tumbling. Solvent cleaning, emulsion cleaning, alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, pickling, and descaling are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... threading is generally used for cylindrical surfaces and with thick flame sprayed coatings. The part to be prepared is mounted in a lathe and a single thread cut is taken. Tools for this purpose have a 60° to 70° point with a slight negative back rake. Screw feeds are approximately 0.80 to 1.25 mm (0.032 to...